How to format your references using the Mathematics and Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics and Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshak, M.P.: My trek back to science. Science. 349, 1406 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Furey, T.S., Sethupathy, P.: Genetics. Genetics driving epigenetics. Science. 342, 705–706 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Velicer, G.J., Kroos, L., Lenski, R.E.: Developmental cheating in the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature. 404, 598–601 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hirota, T., Lipp, J.J., Toh, B.-H., Peters, J.-M.: Histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation by Aurora B causes HP1 dissociation from heterochromatin. Nature. 438, 1176–1180 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siddiqi, N.: Intelligent Credit Scoring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Gasparini, G., Hayes, D.F. eds: Biomarkers in Breast Cancer: Molecular Diagnostics for Predicting and Monitoring Therapeutic Effect. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Hamlington, P.E., Szwalek, J.L., Dahm, W.J.A.: Scale-by-Scale Assessments of the Approach to Isotropy. In: Oberlack, M., Khujadze, G., Günther, S., Weller, T., Frewer, M., Peinke, J., and Barth, S. (eds.) Progress in Turbulence II: Proceedings of the iTi Conference in Turbulence 2005. pp. 21–25. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics and Financial Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Astronomers Find Quasars Are “Aligned” Across Billions Of Light-Years


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Consumers’ Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not be Clear to Consumers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D.: Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G.: Along the Heated Trail of the Man Who Created Muslim Superheroes, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics and Financial Economics
AbbreviationMath. Financ. Econ.
ISSN (print)1862-9679
ISSN (online)1862-9660
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles