How to format your references using the Mathematics and Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics and Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Hara, K.: Canada must free scientists to talk to journalists. Nature. 467, 501 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilks, J., Golovkina, T.: Immunology. Interfering with interferons. Science. 347, 233–234 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Aubert, J., Finlay, C.C., Fournier, A.: Bottom-up control of geomagnetic secular variation by the Earth’s inner core. Nature. 502, 219–223 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M., Brooks, C.L., Wu-Baer, F., Chen, D., Baer, R., Gu, W.: Mono- versus polyubiquitination: differential control of p53 fate by Mdm2. Science. 302, 1972–1975 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, F.: Cognitive Therapy for Addiction. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK (2013)
An edited book
Alexander, M., D’Ambra, P., Belloum, A., Bosilca, G., Cannataro, M., Danelutto, M., Martino, B.D., Gerndt, M., Jeannot, E., Namyst, R., Roman, J., Scott, S.L., Traff, J.L., Vallée, G., Weidendorfer, J. eds: Euro-Par 2011: Parallel Processing Workshops: CCPI, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, HPCVirt, HPPC, HPSS, MDGS, ProPer, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Bordeaux, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Hrušovský, M., Noeres, K.: Exploring the IT-enabled Optimisation Potential of Cruise Excursions. In: Papathanassis, A., Breitner, M.H., Schoen, C., and Guhr, N. (eds.) Cruise Management: Information and Decision Support Systems. pp. 105–113. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics and Financial Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Watch Hundreds Of Sharks In A Feeding Frenzy,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, Y.: Structure tailored properties and functionalities of zero-dimensional nanostructures, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: College Where $5 Million Makes a Difference, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics and Financial Economics
AbbreviationMath. Financ. Econ.
ISSN (print)1862-9679
ISSN (online)1862-9660
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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