How to format your references using the Health Technology Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Technology Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Alexander RM. Evolution. Enhanced: A rodent as big as a buffalo. Science 2003;301:1678–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Goyal SK, Konrad T. Teleporting photonic qudits using multimode quantum scissors. Sci Rep 2013;3:3548.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Dhara S, Mele EJ, Agarwal R. APPLIED OPTICS. Voltage-tunable circular photogalvanic effect in silicon nanowires. Science 2015;349:726–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Levine JA, Lanningham-Foster LM, McCrady SK, Krizan AC, Olson LR, Kane PH, et al. Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity. Science 2005;307:584–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Segura J, Hawkins CF. CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1
Šamaj J, Baluška F, Menzel D, editors. Plant Endocytosis. vol. 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Pauli A, Alesi H, Anderson S. The development of the HyShot flight program. In: Jiang Z, editor. Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 31–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Technology Assessment.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Gene For Temperature Sex Switch In Turtles Identified. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/gene-temperature-sex-switch-turtles-identified/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Intelligent Transportation Systems: Survey of Transit Providers Serving Small Urban and Rural Areas (GAO-16-639SP, June 21, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-638. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Gilmore AG. Quantification of oxidative reaction efficiencies for hydroxyl radical oxidized antibiotics. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2017; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Head Of Exile Church In First Visit. New York Times 2004:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Technology Assessment
AbbreviationHealth Technol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1366-5278
ISSN (online)2046-4924
ScopeHealth Policy

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