How to format your references using the Health Technology Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Technology Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Peto J. Cancer epidemiology in the last century and the next decade. Nature 2001;411:390–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wigler M, Mishra B. Genetics. Wild by nature. Science 2002;296:1407–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Magnuson JJ, Safina C, Sissenwine MP. Ecology and conservation. Whose fish are they anyway? Science 2001;293:1267–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wang Y, Ma J, Wang J, Yuan P, Xie G, Ge X, et al. Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers. Sci Rep 2014;4:3818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bisen PS, Raghuvanshi R. Emerging Epidemics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1
Volchkov VV. Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Håkanson L, Bryhn AC. Operational Bioindicators for Coastal Management. In: Bryhn AC, editor. Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management: Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 125–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Technology Assessment.

Blog post
1
Fang J. New Titanosaur Discovered in Argentina Had Big Eye Sockets And A Downturned Snout. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. New Chicago-Area Airport: Site Comparison, Selection Process, and Federal Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Dao L-AT. Comparison of peripherally inserted intravenous catheter complication prevalence: Before and after changing a 96-hour routine replacement standard. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2017; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gregory Mankiw N. Advice for Trump: Ask an Economist. New York Times 2017:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Technology Assessment
AbbreviationHealth Technol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1366-5278
ISSN (online)2046-4924
ScopeHealth Policy

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