How to format your references using the Health Technology Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Technology Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gasse F. Paleoclimate. Hydrological changes in Africa. Science 2001;292:2259–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kennel C, Dressler A. Space science. Coping with uncertainty in space science planning. Science 2014;343:140–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Suma K, Sumiyoshi Y, Endo Y. The rotational spectrum of the water-hydroperoxy radical (H2O-HO2) complex. Science 2006;311:1278–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Choi M, Scholl UI, Yue P, Björklund P, Zhao B, Nelson-Williams C, et al. K+ channel mutations in adrenal aldosterone-producing adenomas and hereditary hypertension. Science 2011;331:768–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Boero R. Behavioral Computational Social Science. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1
Ryżko D, Rybiński H, Gawrysiak P, Kryszkiewicz M, editors. Emerging Intelligent Technologies in Industry. vol. 369. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Serino L, Arcelli C, Sanniti di Baja G. Decomposing and Sketching 3D Objects by Curve Skeleton Processing. In: Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G, editors. Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Technology Assessment.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. An Insight Into The Domestication Of Barnyard Chickens. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/insight-domestication-barnyard-chickens/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection: Rocket Tests in Mississippi to Be Heavily Restricted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Kennedy-Reid SK. Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University; 2012; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Neuman W. Colombia and Rebels Agree to Talks. New York Times 2014:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Technology Assessment
AbbreviationHealth Technol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1366-5278
ISSN (online)2046-4924
ScopeHealth Policy

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