How to format your references using the Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nisbet, E.: Heavenly phenomena. Nature. 410, 635 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Berndt, A., Deisseroth, K.: OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science. 349, 590–591 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, I., Nimmo, F., Wieczorek, M.A.: Structure and formation of the lunar farside highlands. Science. 330, 949–951 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brivanlou, A.H., Gage, F.H., Jaenisch, R., Jessell, T., Melton, D., Rossant, J.: Stem cells. Setting standards for human embryonic stem cells. Science. 300, 913–916 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, S.H.: ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Corrêa, G.: Complexity-Aware High Efficiency Video Coding. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Chryssolouris, G., Mavrikios, D., Pappas, M.: A Web and Virtual Reality Based Paradigm for Collaborative Management and Verification of Design Knowledge. In: Bernard, A. and Tichkiewitch, S. (eds.) Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management. pp. 91–105. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Genetically Engineered Athletes Could Be Heading This Way Soon,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Issues Related to Local Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Linsenmeyer, J.P.: A Nice Place to Live and Work: A Mixed-Methods Case Study of a Residential Life Living-Learning Community and Employment Model at a Top-Tier Midwestern University, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Conforto Set For Surgery; Mets Drop 2, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy
AbbreviationMater. Renew. Sustain. Energy
ISSN (print)2194-1459
ISSN (online)2194-1467
ScopeFuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry

Other styles