How to format your references using the Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q.: Imported stem cells deepen Germany’s ethical divide. Nature. 412, 4 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke, J., Wilhelm, F.K.: Superconducting quantum bits. Nature. 453, 1031–1042 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani, R.G., Kriisa, A., Wegscheider, W.: Size-dependent giant-magnetoresistance in millimeter scale GaAs/AlGaAs 2D electron devices. Sci. Rep. 3, 2747 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, J.-H., Kushner, S.A., Yiu, A.P., Hsiang, H.-L.L., Buch, T., Waisman, A., Bontempi, B., Neve, R.L., Frankland, P.W., Josselyn, S.A.: Selective erasure of a fear memory. Science. 323, 1492–1496 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A.: Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Frank, K.F. ed: Kinesins and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Kirimlioglu, H., Demetris, A.J., Nalesnik, M.A.: Pathological Aspects of Hepatocellular Tumors. In: Carr, B.I. (ed.) Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment. pp. 77–115. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: 5 Unsolved Mysteries of Space


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, J.A.: Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Southern Barbecue, Up North, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy
AbbreviationMater. Renew. Sustain. Energy
ISSN (print)2194-1459
ISSN (online)2194-1467
ScopeFuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry

Other styles