How to format your references using the Mastozoologia Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mastozoologia Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
HILTON D. 2013. Australian science needs more female fellows. Nature 497:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
VAN DOKKUM PG & C CONROY. 2010. A substantial population of low-mass stars in luminous elliptical galaxies. Nature 468:940–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
KHUSH RS, F LEULIER & B LEMAITRE. 2002. Immunology. Pathogen surveillance--the flies have it. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296:273–275.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
EWALD SE, BL LEE, L LAU, KE WICKLIFFE, G-P SHI, HA CHAPMAN, et al. 2008. The ectodomain of Toll-like receptor 9 is cleaved to generate a functional receptor. Nature 456:658–662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SINCLAIR E. 2013. Volatility Trading. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
KLEIN S. 2012. Pro SQL Database for Windows Azure: SQL Server in the Cloud. P. in.: Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
FAZLI S, H-I SUK, S-W LEE & K-R MÜLLER. 2015. Multifrequency Analysis of Brain-Computer Interfaces. Pp. 49–60, in: Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering (S-W Lee, HH Bülthoff & K-R Müller, eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mastozoologia Neotropical.

Blog post
CARPINETI A [online]. 2016. Astronomers Snap Infrared View Of The Distant Universe 13 Billion Light-Years Away. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1975. Federal Communications Commission’s Effort To Implement the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
KESSLER C. 2013. Elements. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ELDRED SM & J ELIGON. 2016. Doctor Saw Prince a Day Before His Death. New York Times:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (van Dokkum and Conroy, 2010; Hilton, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Dokkum and Conroy, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ewald et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMastozoologia Neotropical
AbbreviationMastozool. Neotrop.
ISSN (print)0327-9383
ISSN (online)1666-0536

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