How to format your references using the Mastozoologia Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mastozoologia Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MALAKOFF D. 2000. EARTH-MONITORING SATELLITES: Will the U.S. Bring Down the Curtain on Landsat? Science (New York, N.Y.) 288:2309–2311.
A journal article with 2 authors
FENISTEIN D & M VAN HECKE. 2003. Kinematics: wide shear zones in granular bulk flow. Nature 425:256.
A journal article with 3 authors
VUKUSIC P, B HALLAM & J NOYES. 2007. Brilliant whiteness in ultrathin beetle scales. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315:348.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
ERWIN SC, L ZU, MI HAFTEL, AL EFROS, TA KENNEDY & DJ NORRIS. 2005. Doping semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature 436:91–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SOKHANVAR S, J DARGAHI, S NAJARIAN & S ARBATANI. 2012. Tactile Sensing and Displays. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
PARDALOS PM, PG GEORGIEV & HM SRIVASTAVA (eds.). 2012. Nonlinear Analysis: Stability, Approximation, and Inequalities. P. in.: Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
TOBEN T, S EILERS, C KUKA, S SCHWEIGERT, H WINKELMANN & S RUEHRUP. 2012. Safe Autonomous Transport Vehicles in Heterogeneous Outdoor Environments. Pp. 61–75, in: Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: International Workshops, SARS 2011 and MLSC 2011, Held Under the Auspices of ISoLA 2011 in Vienna, Austria, October 17-18, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (R Hähnle, J Knoop, T Margaria, D Schreiner & B Steffen, eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mastozoologia Neotropical.

Blog post
DAVIS J [online]. 2017. Ravens Know When They’ve Been Cheated, And Remember Who Did It For At Least A Month. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1987. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
WILDAY D. 2014. Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WALSH MW. 2011. Shuttle’s End Leaves NASA A Pension Bill. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff, 2000; Fenistein and Van Hecke, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fenistein and Van Hecke, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Erwin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMastozoologia Neotropical
AbbreviationMastozool. Neotrop.
ISSN (print)0327-9383
ISSN (online)1666-0536

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