How to format your references using the Mastozoologia Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mastozoologia Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
GILMORE G. 2004. Astronomy. The short spectacular life of a superstar. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304:1915–1916.
A journal article with 2 authors
WEIS VM & D ALLEMAND. 2009. Physiology. What determines coral health? Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:1153–1155.
A journal article with 3 authors
TAYLOR PD, T DAY & G WILD. 2007. Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature 447:469–472.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
BADGER J, J LAL, R HARDER, H INOUYE, SC GLEBER, S VOGT, et al. 2013. Three-dimensional imaging of crystalline inclusions embedded in intact maize stalks. Scientific reports 3:2843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DINET J. 2014. Information Retrieval in Digital Environments. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
GELMETTI C (ed.). 2015. Storia della Dermatologia e della Venereologia in Italia. P. in.: Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
FERNÁNDEZ-CENICEROS J, J ANTOÑANZAS TORRES, R URRACA-VALLE, E SODUPE-ORTEGA & A SANZ-GARCÍA. 2014. Soft Computing Metamodels for the Failure Prediction of T-stub Bolted Connections. Pp. 41–51, in: International Joint Conference SOCO’14-CISIS’14-ICEUTE’14: Bilbao, Spain, June 25th-27th, 2014, Proceedings (JG de la Puerta, IG Ferreira, PG Bringas, F Klett, A Abraham, ACPLF de Carvalho, et al., eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mastozoologia Neotropical.

Blog post
DAVIS J [online]. 2016. Nearly 78 Percent Of All Childhood Diarrhea Infections Caused By Just Six Pathogens. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1993. IRS Information Systems: Weaknesses Increase Risk of Fraud and Impair Reliability of Management Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
NOMBERG RI. 2009. Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SISARIO B. 2017. After a Half-Century in Music, Still Hunting for Hits. New York Times:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilmore, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gilmore, 2004; Weis and Allemand, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weis and Allemand, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Badger et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMastozoologia Neotropical
AbbreviationMastozool. Neotrop.
ISSN (print)0327-9383
ISSN (online)1666-0536

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