How to format your references using the Mastozoologia Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mastozoologia Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ANDERSON RS. 2015. GEOPHYSICS. Pinched topography initiates the critical zone. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350:506–507.
A journal article with 2 authors
VOGEL EK & MG MACHIZAWA. 2004. Neural activity predicts individual differences in visual working memory capacity. Nature 428:748–751.
A journal article with 3 authors
PEPE F, D EHRENREICH & MR MEYER. 2014. Instrumentation for the detection and characterization of exoplanets. Nature 513:358–366.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
MABALIRAJAN U, R REHMAN, T AHMAD, S KUMAR, GD LEISHANGTHEM, S SINGH, et al. 2013. 12/15-lipoxygenase expressed in non-epithelial cells causes airway epithelial injury in asthma. Scientific reports 3:1540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CANHAM J & J BENNETT. 2008. Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. P. in.: Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
BAERT AL (ed.). 2008. Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging. P. in.: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
DORAK MT & Y YAZICI. 2014. Biomarkers, Genetic Association, and Genomic Studies. Pp. 79–126, in: Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology: A Guide to Interpreting Criteria, Drugs, Trials, Registries, and Ethics (H Yazici, Y Yazici & E Lesaffre, eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mastozoologia Neotropical.

Blog post
ANDREW E [online]. 2014. Scientists Discover Star Trek Style Invisible “Shield” Thousands Of Miles Above Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1977. S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
TUINENGA JM. 2010. John Corigliano’s Sonata for violin and piano: An analysis of context, structure, and style. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
PHILPOTT ML. 2017. My Adventures in Accountability. New York Times:SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vogel and Machizawa, 2004; Anderson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogel and Machizawa, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mabalirajan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMastozoologia Neotropical
AbbreviationMastozool. Neotrop.
ISSN (print)0327-9383
ISSN (online)1666-0536

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