How to format your references using the Marine Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Mandavilli, Struggling to make an impact, Nature. 430 (2004) 935.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Sourjik, H.C. Berg, Functional interactions between receptors in bacterial chemotaxis, Nature. 428 (2004) 437–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.R. Bandyopadhyay, H.A. Leinhos, A.M. Hellum, Handedness helps homing in swimming and flying animals, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, X. He, J. Ouyang, H. Yang, Palladium nanoparticles deposited on silanized halloysite nanotubes: synthesis, characterization and enhanced catalytic property, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Numai, Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
F. Dirbas, C. Scott-Conner, eds., Breast Surgical Techniques and Interdisciplinary Management, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Wadhams, Diminishing Sea-Ice Extent and Thickness in the Arctic Ocean, in: P.A. Berkman, A.N. Vylegzhanin (Eds.), Environmental Security in the Arctic Ocean, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 15–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Policy.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Spectacular Stellar Winds Seen In Highest Resolution Yet, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The First Step Toward Reform, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.B. Holmberg, Alternative nitrogen for subsequent southern switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) production using cool-season legumes, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Baker Is Out as the Nationals Manager, New York Times. (2017) D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Policy
AbbreviationMar. Policy
ISSN (print)0308-597X
ScopeAquatic Science
Economics and Econometrics
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles