How to format your references using the Marine Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.L. Benabid, Neuroscience: spotlight on deep-brain stimulation, Nature. 519 (2015) 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Chandler, M. Turelli, Comment on “The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia,” Science. 345 (2014) 1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.F. Bietenholz, N. Bartel, M.P. Rupen, Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J, Science. 304 (2004) 1947–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Pan, Z. Li, Q. Zhou, H. Shen, K. Wu, X. Huang, J. Chen, J. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Lei, W. Xiong, H. Gong, B. Xiao, N. Yan, Structure of the human voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.4 in complex with β1, Science. 362 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Tyson, Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
A. Bacchieri, Fundamentals of Clinical Research: Bridging Medicine, Statistics and Operations, Springer, Milano, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Schiller, R. Koch, Datastructures for Capturing Dynamic Scenes with a Time-of-Flight Camera, in: A. Kolb, R. Koch (Eds.), Dynamic 3D Imaging: DAGM 2009 Workshop, Dyn3D 2009, Jena, Germany, September 9, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 42–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Policy.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Seriously Creepy Parasite Escapes from Praying Mantis, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Advanced Automation System Contract, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.C. Hau, Beliefs of nurse practitioner students toward testicular cancer and teaching testicular self-examinations, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, ‘Brilliant,’ 41, And Lost to AIDS: The Theater World Asks Why, New York Times. (2017) AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Policy
AbbreviationMar. Policy
ISSN (print)0308-597X
ScopeAquatic Science
Economics and Econometrics
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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