How to format your references using the Marine Environmental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Environmental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch, I., 2008. Quantum gases. Science 319, 1202–1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gollub, J.P., Cross, M.C., 2000. Chaos in space and time. Nature 404, 710–711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singhal, N., Kumar, M., Virdi, J.S., 2014. Molecular analysis of β-lactamase genes to understand their differential expression in strains of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A. Sci. Rep. 4, 5270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bryant, H.E., Schultz, N., Thomas, H.D., Parker, K.M., Flower, D., Lopez, E., Kyle, S., Meuth, M., Curtin, N.J., Helleday, T., 2005. Specific killing of BRCA2-deficient tumours with inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Nature 434, 913–917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bacon, C.R., 2012. Practical Risk-Adjusted Performance Measurement. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Nishigaki, M., Jøsang, A., Murayama, Y., Marsh, S. (Eds.), 2010. Trust Management IV: 4th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2010, Morioka, Japan, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hofmann, E., Beck, P., Füger, E., 2013. CM2: Manufacturing Strategy and Supply Chain Management, in: Beck, P., Füger, E. (Eds.), The Supply Chain Differentiation Guide: A Roadmap to Operational Excellence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Environmental Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Discover Proteins That Block Both HIV And Ebola Virus Release [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-discover-proteins-block-both-hiv-and-ebola-virus-release/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. NASA Aeronautics: Protecting Sensitive Technology (No. NSIAD-93-201). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, A.E., 2012. A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, M., Protess, B., 2017. Outline Fails to Mention Loophole for the Very Rich. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bloch, 2008; Gollub and Cross, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gollub and Cross, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Bryant et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Environmental Research
AbbreviationMar. Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)0141-1136
ScopeAquatic Science
Oceanography
Pollution
General Medicine

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