How to format your references using the Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thor, S. Neuroscience: stem cells in multiple time zones. Nature 2013, 498, 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulkarni, R.N.; Kahn, C.R. Molecular biology. HNFs--linking the liver and pancreatic islets in diabetes. Science 2004, 303, 1311–1312.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, S.; Sukeno, M.; Nabeshima, Y.-I. A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis. Science 2007, 317, 1722–1726.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Poinern, G.E.J.; Brundavanam, R.K.; Thi Le, X.; Nicholls, P.K.; Cake, M.A.; Fawcett, D. The synthesis, characterisation and in vivo study of a bioceramic for potential tissue regeneration applications. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ronen, T. The Positive Power of Imagery; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9780470979976.
An edited book
Web Engineering: 10th International Conference, ICWE 2010, Vienna Austria, July 5-9, 2010. Proceedings; Benatallah, B., Casati, F., Kappel, G., Rossi, G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6189; ISBN 9783642139109.
A chapter in an edited book
van Bunningen, A.H.; Feng, L.; Apers, P.M.G. A Context-Aware Preference Model for Database Querying in an Ambient Intelligent Environment. In Database and Expert Systems Applications: 17th International Conference, DEXA 2006, Kraków, Poland, September 4-8, 2006. Proceedings; Bressan, S., Küng, J., Wagner, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 33–43 ISBN 9783540378716.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine.

Blog post
Davis, J. Full 28-Day Menstrual Cycle Replicated In A Dish For The First Time (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Department of Education: Long-Standing Management Problems Hamper Reforms; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerina, J. The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. With New Injury, the Mets’ Training Program Is Again Questioned. New York Times 2017, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine
ISSN (online)2504-463X

Other styles