How to format your references using the Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwane, A.P. Economics. Implications of scarcity. Science 2012, 338, 617–618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, M.W.; Porte, D., Jr Diabetes, obesity, and the brain. Science 2005, 307, 375–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ross, R.J.; Weiner, M.M.; Lin, H. PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma. Nature 2014, 505, 353–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bräuer, S.L.; Cadillo-Quiroz, H.; Yashiro, E.; Yavitt, J.B.; Zinder, S.H. Isolation of a novel acidiphilic methanogen from an acidic peat bog. Nature 2006, 442, 192–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, L.-Y.; Wang, W. Microfluidics for Advanced Functional Polymeric Materials; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2017; ISBN 9783527803637.
An edited book
Unpacking the Collection: Networks of Material and Social Agency in the Museum; Byrne, S., Clarke, A., Harrison, R., Torrence, R., Eds.; One World Archaeology; 1st ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; ISBN 9781441982216.
A chapter in an edited book
Ueno, K.; Fukasawa, Y.; Morihata, A.; Ohori, A. The Essence of Ruby. In Programming Languages and Systems: 12th Asian Symposium, APLAS 2014, Singapore, Singapore, November 17-19, 2014, Proceedings; Garrigue, J., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 78–98 ISBN 9783319127354.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Encryption Today: How Safe Is It Really? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, N.A. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, G.; Kakissis, J.; Ferren, A.; Sherwood, S.; Williams, I.K.; Parla, K.; Greenway, S.M.; Kishkovsky, S.; Sherwood, S.; Whitlock, S. 15 Cities, Wrapped in a Bow, for Under $100. New York Times 2011, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine
ISSN (online)2504-463X

Other styles