How to format your references using the Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, E. Materials Science. Swell Approaches for Changing Polymer Shapes. Science 2012, 335, 1179–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zindl, C.L.; Chaplin, D.D. Immunology. Tumor Immune Evasion. Science 2010, 328, 697–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, Y.; Arai, K.; Kohshima, S. Sleep Behaviour: Sleep in Continuously Active Dolphins. Nature 2006, 441, E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Contractor, A.; Rogers, C.; Maron, C.; Henkemeyer, M.; Swanson, G.T.; Heinemann, S.F. Trans-Synaptic Eph Receptor-Ephrin Signaling in Hippocampal Mossy Fiber LTP. Science 2002, 296, 1864–1869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, P. Western Art and the Wider World; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, 2013; ISBN 9781118781401.
An edited book
Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 1: Introduction, Non-Bilateria, Acoelomorpha, Xenoturbellida, Chaetognatha; Wanninger, A., Ed.; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer: Vienna, 2015; ISBN 9783709118610.
A chapter in an edited book
Day, J.W.; Hall, C. The Wealth of Nature Is the Wealth of Nations: Ecosystem Services and Their Value to Society. In America’s Most Sustainable Cities and Regions: Surviving the 21st Century Megatrends; Hall, C., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2016; pp. 115–135 ISBN 9781493932429.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. New Crab Species Honors Harry Potter (And The Crustacean Of Secrets) Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonfa, S.L. The Impact of Increased Security on the Employment Options and Lives of People with Severe Disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES Early Spring Flowers. New York Times 2017, RE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine
ISSN (online)2504-463X

Other styles