How to format your references using the Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Greef, J. Perspective: All systems go. Nature 2011, 480, S87.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rockström, J.; Falkenmark, M. Agriculture: increase water harvesting in Africa. Nature 2015, 519, 283–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, E.; Pandey, N.B.; Popel, A.S. Lymphatic endothelial cells support tumor growth in breast cancer. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Milner-Gulland, E.J.; Bukreeva, O.M.; Coulson, T.; Lushchekina, A.A.; Kholodova, M.V.; Bekenov, A.B.; Grachev, I.A. Conservation: Reproductive collapse in saiga antelope harems. Nature 2003, 422, 135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R. Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118271643.
An edited book
Strategic Cultures in Europe: Security and Defence Policies Across the Continent; Biehl, H., Giegerich, B., Jonas, A., Eds.; Schriftenreihe des Zentrums für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr; Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Wiesbaden, 2013; Vol. 13; ISBN 9783658011673.
A chapter in an edited book
Spector, T.; Fung, C.-C. Remediation of Physical Exam Skills. In Remediation in Medical Education: A Mid-Course Correction; Kalet, A., Chou, C.L., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp. 67–83 ISBN 9781461490241.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine.

Blog post
Hale, T. What Happens If You Put Red Hot Steel On A Frozen Lake? (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Applicability of Service Contract Act to Service Employees of ADP and High-Technology Companies; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reich, L.M. Adapted physical education teachers’ attitudes towards their students with hidden and visible disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig, S.; Pilon, M. Linked to Competitors, Judge Asserts Integrity. New York Times 2013, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine
ISSN (online)2504-463X

Other styles