How to format your references using the Marine Ecology Progress Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Ecology Progress Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ni X (2015) China’s research & development spend. Nature 520:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hodas NO, Lerman K (2014) The simple rules of social contagion. Sci Rep 4:4343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine B, Mizushima N, Virgin HW (2011) Autophagy in immunity and inflammation. Nature 469:323–335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Charlat S, Hornett EA, Fullard JH, Davies N, Roderick GK, Wedell N, Hurst GDD (2007) Extraordinary flux in sex ratio. Science 317:214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang J-J (2014) Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Yang M (2015) Energy Efficiency: Benefits for Environment and Society. Yu X (ed) Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Masud MM, Kiringa I (2007) Collaborative Data Synchronization in an Instance-Mapped P2P Data Sharing System. In: On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 7–8

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) The Cities Of The Future Could Be Built By Microbes. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-cities-of-the-future-could-be-built-by-microbes/ (accessed 30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Relocation of Space Shuttle Major Modification Work. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin MG (2008) The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chira S (2017) Cosby as a Lens on the Gender Beat. New York Times:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ni 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hodas & Lerman 2014, Ni 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hodas & Lerman 2014)
  • Three authors: (Levine et al. 2011)
  • 99 or more authors: (Charlat et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Ecology Progress Series
AbbreviationMar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.
ISSN (print)0171-8630
ISSN (online)1616-1599
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology

Other styles