How to format your references using the Marine Ecology Progress Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Ecology Progress Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D (2012) Therapeutics: Strength in numbers. Nature 489:S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Newman DK, Banfield JF (2002) Geomicrobiology: how molecular-scale interactions underpin biogeochemical systems. Science 296:1071–1077.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard M, Parisi G, Zecchina R (2002) Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science 297:812–815.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mosher RA, Melnyk CW, Kelly KA, Dunn RM, Studholme DJ, Baulcombe DC (2009) Uniparental expression of PolIV-dependent siRNAs in developing endosperm of Arabidopsis. Nature 460:283–286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forshaw M (2006) Understanding Headaches and Migraines. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Didonna F (ed) (2009) Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Pyun S-I, Shin H-C, Lee J-W, Go J-Y (2012) Hydrogen Transport Under Impermeable Boundary Conditions. In: Electrochemistry of Insertion Materials for Hydrogen and Lithium. Monographs in Electrochemistry, Shin H-C, Lee J-W, Go J-Y (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 83–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Does Your Beard Really Contain More Poo Than A Toilet? (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) National Science Foundation’s Actions on Recommendations of GAO Report ‘Opportunities for Improved Management of the Research Applied to National Needs (RANN) Program’. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clavio G (2008) Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yaccino S, Cooper M (2013) Cries of Betrayal As Detroit Plans To Cut Pensions. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Newman & Banfield 2002, Graham-Rowe 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Newman & Banfield 2002)
  • Three authors: (Mézard et al. 2002)
  • 99 or more authors: (Mosher et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Ecology Progress Series
AbbreviationMar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.
ISSN (print)0171-8630
ISSN (online)1616-1599
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles