How to format your references using the Tissue Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tissue Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheng, P. Applied physics. Waves on the horizon. Science. 313, 1399, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sagarin, R., and Micheli, F. Climate change in nontraditional data sets. Science. 294, 811, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dornelas, M., Connolly, S.R., and Hughes, T.P. Coral reef diversity refutes the neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 440, 80, 2006.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ourjoumtsev, A., Jeong, H., Tualle-Brouri, R., and Grangier, P. Generation of optical “Schrödinger cats” from photon number states. Nature. 448, 784, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly, R. Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Park, Y., and Adachi, F., eds. Enhanced Radio Access Technologies for Next Generation Mobile Communication. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, D., Yu, M., Low, C.B., and Arogeti, S. Fault Identification Techniques. In: Yu, M., Low, C.B., and Arogeti, S., eds. Model-based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 147–89, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tissue Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Particle Physics Discovery Raises Hope For A Theory Of Everything [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008 Jun. Report No.: GAO-08-921T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hensley, A.L. Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti, M. New Law Shifts Fight on Claims for 9/11 Victims. New York Times. A1, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTissue Engineering
ISSN (print)2152-4947
ISSN (online)2152-4955

Other styles