How to format your references using the Tissue Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tissue Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliday, A.N. Mixing, volatile loss and compositional change during impact-driven accretion of the Earth. Nature. 427, 505, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Z.L., and Song, J. Piezoelectric nanogenerators based on zinc oxide nanowire arrays. Science. 312, 242, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Z.-X., Lan, H., and Ji, W. Role of the dispersion force in modeling the interfacial properties of molecule-metal interfaces: adsorption of thiophene on copper surfaces. Sci Rep. 4, 5036, 2014.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith, C.G.A., Aylward, A.D., Millward, G.H., Miller, S., and Moore, L.E. An unexpected cooling effect in Saturn’s upper atmosphere. Nature. 445, 399, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bagotsky, V., M. Skundin, A., and M. Volfkovich, Y. Electrochemical Power Sources. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Ultes, S., Nothdurft, F., Heinroth, T., and Minker, W., eds. Next Generation Intelligent Environments: Ambient Adaptive Systems. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Altalag, A., Road, J., and Wilcox, P. Bronchial Challenge Testing. In: Road, J., and Altalag, A., eds. Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice. London: Springer, pp. 71–9, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tissue Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How We Discovered ‘Impossible’ Material That Both Conducts Electrity – And Doesn’t [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Scheduling: Airlines’ On-Time Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990 Jun. Report No.: RCED-90-154.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J.J. Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. A Fresh Pita Oasis, Plus Kebabs and Flatbreads. New York Times. NJ8, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTissue Engineering
ISSN (print)2152-4947
ISSN (online)2152-4955

Other styles