How to format your references using the Tissue Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tissue Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirth, G. Earth science: Missing link in mantle dynamics. Nature. 507, 42, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco, V., and Franzese, G. Critical behavior of a water monolayer under hydrophobic confinement. Sci Rep. 4, 4440, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S.H., Duffy, T.S., and Shen, G. Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle. Science. 293, 2437, 2001.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schaeffer, J., Burch, N., Björnsson, Y., Kishimoto, A., Müller, M., Lake, R., et al. Checkers is solved. Science. 317, 1518, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hampel, F.R., Ronchetti, E.M., Rousseeuw, P.J., and Stahel, W.A. Robust Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Cabell, K.R., and Valsiner, J., eds. The Catalyzing Mind: Beyond Models of Causality. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Jager, M.J., and Bronkhorst, I.H.G. Immunology of Ocular Tumors. In: Singh, A.D., and Damato, B., eds. Clinical Ophthalmic Oncology: Basic Principles and Diagnostic Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 55–62, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tissue Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Yes, Africa Will Feed Itself Within The Next 15 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: School-Based Physical Education and Sports Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012 Feb. Report No.: GAO-12-350.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne, L.L. Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. Whimsical Boyfriends. New York Times. E6, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTissue Engineering
ISSN (print)2152-4947
ISSN (online)2152-4955

Other styles