How to format your references using the Marine Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richmond, B., 2001. Neuroscience. Information coding. Science 294, 2493–2494.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oliveri, P., Davidson, E.H., 2007. Development. Built to run, not fail. Science 315, 1510–1511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, T., Satoh, T., Kato, K., 2014. Structural insight into substrate recognition by the endoplasmic reticulum folding-sensor enzyme: crystal structure of third thioredoxin-like domain of UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase. Sci. Rep. 4, 7322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stickley, C.E., St John, K., Koç, N., Jordan, R.W., Passchier, S., Pearce, R.B., Kearns, L.E., 2009. Evidence for middle Eocene Arctic sea ice from diatoms and ice-rafted debris. Nature 460, 376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massari, M., Gianfrate, G., Zanetti, L., 2016. Corporate Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nedjah, N., Santos Coelho, L. dos, Macedo Mourelle, L. de (Eds.), 2010. Multi-Objective Swarm Intelligent Systems: Theory & Experiences, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, L., Liu, Y., Hausheer, D., Stiller, B., 2009. Design and Evaluation of a Combinatorial Double Auction for Resource Allocations in Grids, in: Reichl, P., Stiller, B., Tuffin, B. (Eds.), Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. This 3D Map Of 1.2 Million Galaxies Could Unlock The Secrets of Dark Energy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Electronic Health Information: HHS Needs to Strengthen Security and Privacy Guidance and Oversight (No. GAO-16-771). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckheimer, I., 2012. Mapping habitat quality in conservation’s neglected geography (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Beyond the Finish Line, Where Should Fans Gather? New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richmond, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Oliveri and Davidson, 2007; Richmond, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oliveri and Davidson, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Stickley et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Chemistry
AbbreviationMar. Chem.
ISSN (print)0304-4203
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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