How to format your references using the Marine Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek, S.N., 2014. Materials science. Biomimetics and evolution. Science 345, 1448–1449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brongersma, M.L., Shalaev, V.M., 2010. Applied physics. The case for plasmonics. Science 328, 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertea, M., Salzberg, S.L., Gardner, M.J., 2000. Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 404, 34; discussion 34-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamashita, S., Miyagi, C., Fukada, T., Kagara, N., Che, Y.-S., Hirano, T., 2004. Zinc transporter LIVI controls epithelial-mesenchymal transition in zebrafish gastrula organizer. Nature 429, 298–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F.G., Lambert, O., Uhen, M.D., 2016. Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tian, X., 2013. Scalable Multicasting over Next-Generation Internet: Design, Analysis and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonatti, P.A., Faella, M., Sauro, L., 2010. $\mathcal{EL}$ with Default Attributes and Overriding, in: Patel-Schneider, P.F., Pan, Y., Hitzler, P., Mika, P., Zhang, L., Pan, J.Z., Horrocks, I., Glimm, B. (Eds.), The Semantic Web – ISWC 2010: 9th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2010, Shanghai, China, November 7-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 64–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Researchers Develop An Inhaler To Protect Against Air Pollution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Department of Education: Information on Consolidation Opportunities and Student Aid (No. T-HEHS-95-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon, R.L., 2010. Neural and behavioral correlates of song prosody (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Deadline Nears in Puerto Rico, Amid Haggling. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patek, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brongersma and Shalaev, 2010; Patek, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brongersma and Shalaev, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamashita et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Chemistry
AbbreviationMar. Chem.
ISSN (print)0304-4203
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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