How to format your references using the Marine Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N., 2000. UK advised to step up asteroid hunt. Nature 407, 275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegde, D., Mowery, D.C., 2008. Research funding. Politics and funding in the U.S. public biomedical R&D system. Science 322, 1797–1798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lecavelier des Etangs, A., Vidal-Madjar, A., Désert, J.-M., 2008. The origin of hydrogen around HD 209458b. Nature 456, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Woodhead, J.L., Zhao, F.-Q., Craig, R., Egelman, E.H., Alamo, L., Padrón, R., 2005. Atomic model of a myosin filament in the relaxed state. Nature 436, 1195–1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat, P., 2014. Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boulabiar, K., Buskes, G., Triki, A. (Eds.), 2007. Positivity, Trends in Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Ainley, J., Enger, L., Searle, D., 2008. Students in a Digital Age: Implications of ICT for Teaching and Learning, in: Voogt, J., Knezek, G. (Eds.), International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Could Be Suitable For Primitive Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. H.R. 4326: Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1981 (No. 117344). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCallister, K., 2015. I Didn’t Mean to Show the Dirt (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. The Illusion of Savings. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hegde and Mowery, 2008; Loder, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegde and Mowery, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Woodhead et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Chemistry
AbbreviationMar. Chem.
ISSN (print)0304-4203
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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