How to format your references using the Marine Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grabowsky, M., 2008. The billion-dollar malaria moment. Nature 451, 1051–1052.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goette, L., Meier, S., 2011. Economics. Can integration tame conflicts? Science 334, 1356–1357.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Riordan, M., Moors, M.A., Portnoy, D.A., 2003. Listeria intracellular growth and virulence require host-derived lipoic acid. Science 302, 462–464.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vo, N., Horii, T., Yanai, H., Yoshida, H., Yamaguchi, M., 2014. The Hippo pathway as a target of the Drosophila DRE/DREF transcriptional regulatory pathway. Sci. Rep. 4, 7196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S., 2010. Computational Photonics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Loftsson, H., Rögnvaldsson, E., Helgadóttir, S. (Eds.), 2010. Advances in Natural Language Processing: 7th International Conference on NLP, IceTAL 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 16-18, 2010, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Newton, A., Vickers, A., 2007. The Benefits of Electronic Safety Cases, in: Redmill, F., Anderson, T. (Eds.), The Safety of Systems: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Safety-Critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 13–15 February 2007. Springer, London, pp. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. What sort of life could Mars have supported? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Aviation Finance: Observations on Potential FAA Funding Options (No. GAO-06-973). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, O., 2008. Business and IT leaders’ behavioral affects on alignment and project outcome: A comparative leadership study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. A Quiet Place To Start a Revolution. New York Times F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grabowsky, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goette and Meier, 2011; Grabowsky, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goette and Meier, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Vo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Chemistry
AbbreviationMar. Chem.
ISSN (print)0304-4203
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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