How to format your references using the Marine Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaim, W., 2005. Chemistry. Odd electron on nitrogen: a metal-stabilized aminyl radical. Science 307, 216–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernstein, A., Rossant, J., 2013. Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature 501, 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, J.S., Rivoire, O., Leibler, S., 2009. Simpson’s paradox in a synthetic microbial system. Science 323, 272–275.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, J., Cao, D., He, Z., Guo, J., Hapala, P., Ma, R., Cheng, B., Chen, J., Xie, W.J., Li, X.-Z., Jelínek, P., Xu, L.-M., Gao, Y.Q., Wang, E.-G., Jiang, Y., 2018. Publisher Correction: The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions. Nature 563, E18.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry, D.E., Haluska, M.J., 2016. Hiring Greatness. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Straus, J. (Ed.), 2009. The Role of Law and Ethics in the Globalized Economy, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Budhu, A., Wang, X.W., 2016. Molecular Profiling of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma, in: Carr, B.I. (Ed.), Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Elon Musk Thinks There’s A “One In Billions” Chance We Don’t Live In A Computer Simulation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Global Positioning Technology: Opportunities for Greater Federal Agency Joint Development and Use (No. RCED-94-280). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webber, N.T., 2012. Peptide ion conformation studies and the 157 nm photofragmentation of arginine containing dipeptides (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Reporter’s Notebook; Fearing Fickleness, Clinton Says, “Stick With Us.” New York Times 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaim, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein and Rossant, 2013; Kaim, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernstein and Rossant, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Chemistry
AbbreviationMar. Chem.
ISSN (print)0304-4203
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles