How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brinster RL (2002) Germline stem cell transplantation and transgenesis. Science 296:2174–2176
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell E, Salathé M (2013) Complex social contagion makes networks more vulnerable to disease outbreaks. Sci Rep 3:1905
A journal article with 3 authors
Wen J, Zhou S, Chen J (2014) Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity. Sci Rep 4:5191
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Krzemień J, Dubois L, Makki R, et al (2007) Control of blood cell homeostasis in Drosophila larvae by the posterior signalling centre. Nature 446:325–328

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Early WF II (2010) Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dunne LJ, Manos G (eds) (2010) Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes, 1st edn. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Diercks GFH, Pas HH (2016) Direct Immunofluorescence Microscopy. In: Jonkman MF (ed) Autoimmune Bullous Diseases: Text and Review. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) 8 Diet Myths – Busted! In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kemp LS (2013) Perspective processing in language comprehension: Embodied efffects depend on the pronoun. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) Mattis Orders First Group of Reinforcements to Afghanistan. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brinster 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brinster 2002; Campbell and Salathé 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Salathé 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Krzemień et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers.
ISSN (print)1867-1616
ISSN (online)1867-1624
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles