How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Obara K (2002) Nonvolcanic deep tremor associated with subduction in southwest Japan. Science 296:1679–1681
A journal article with 2 authors
Hibbs RE, Gouaux E (2011) Principles of activation and permeation in an anion-selective Cys-loop receptor. Nature 474:54–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu D-A, Kanai R, Shimojo S (2004) Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion. Nature 429:262
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rewitz KF, Yamanaka N, Gilbert LI, O’Connor MB (2009) The insect neuropeptide PTTH activates receptor tyrosine kinase torso to initiate metamorphosis. Science 326:1403–1405

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra A (2008) Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Schaap L, Daemen H (eds) (2012) Renewal in European Local Democracies: Puzzles, Dilemmas and Options. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Aggarwal CC (2009) Trio A System for Data Uncertainty and Lineage. In: Aggarwal CC (ed) Managing and Mining Uncertain Data. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Volcanoes Almost Certainly Didn’t Kill Off The Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Direct Student Loans: Overpayments During the Department of Education’s Conversion to a New Payment System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leal LS (2016) Pair correlations in clean magnetic Josephson junctions. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Shepard’s Playground. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Obara 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Obara 2002; Hibbs and Gouaux 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hibbs and Gouaux 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rewitz et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers.
ISSN (print)1867-1616
ISSN (online)1867-1624
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Oceanography

Other styles