How to format your references using the Manuscripta Mathematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manuscripta Mathematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venkitaraman, A.R.: Cancer suppression by the chromosome custodians, BRCA1 and BRCA2. Science. 343, 1470–1475 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorbunova, Y.V., Spitzer, N.C.: Dynamic interactions of cyclic AMP transients and spontaneous Ca(2+) spikes. Nature. 418, 93–96 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt, B.W., Unger, F., Vazirani, U.: Classical command of quantum systems. Nature. 496, 456–460 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weber, C., Carlen, M., Dietler, G., Rawdon, E.J., Stasiak, A.: Sedimentation of macroscopic rigid knots and its relation to gel electrophoretic mobility of DNA knots. Sci. Rep. 3, 1091 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, B.K.: Exercising Influence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Hess, F., Pauli, S., Pohst, M. eds: Algorithmic Number Theory: 7th International Symposium, ANTS-VII, Berlin, Germany, July 23-28, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Małachowski, B.: Multiple Criteria Decision Support System for Tender Consortium Building Within the Cluster Organization. In: Różewski, P., Novikov, D., Bakhtadze, N., and Zaikin, O. (eds.) New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-based Production. pp. 105–117. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manuscripta Mathematica.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: The 8 Books Neil deGrasse Tyson Thinks Every Person Should Read,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K.A.: Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: For Mets, It’s Injury After Injury, Year After Year, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManuscripta Mathematica
AbbreviationManuscripta Math.
ISSN (print)0025-2611
ISSN (online)1432-1785
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles