How to format your references using the Manuscripta Mathematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manuscripta Mathematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami, G.F.: Astronomy. Gamma-ray astronomy with INTEGRAL. Science. 298, 1560–1561 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Russo, C.J., Passmore, L.A.: Electron microscopy: Ultrastable gold substrates for electron cryomicroscopy. Science. 346, 1377–1380 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, Z., White, P.S., Brookhart, M.: Ligand exchanges and selective catalytic hydrogenation in molecular single crystals. Nature. 465, 598–601 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, X., Song, P., Zhang, Y., Liu, C., Xu, W., Xing, W.: A class of high performance metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts based on cheap carbon blacks. Sci. Rep. 3, 2505 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodman, G.B.: Why Cultural Studies? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK (2014)
An edited book
Satava, R.M., Gaspari, A., Lorenzo, N.D. eds: Emerging Technologies in Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, F., Vidal, L.-A.: Assessing Vulnerability of Complex Projects. In: Vidal, L.-A. (ed.) Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management. pp. 119–144. Springer, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manuscripta Mathematica.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Greater Sage-Grouse Will Not Be Listed As Endangered. Can A Land-Use Plan Protect Them?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1986)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, A.K.: Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K.: A Month With Mom In Eire; A Month With Mom in Ireland, (1975)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManuscripta Mathematica
AbbreviationManuscripta Math.
ISSN (print)0025-2611
ISSN (online)1432-1785
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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