How to format your references using the Manuscripta Mathematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manuscripta Mathematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coaker, G.: Botany. Pathogen specialization. Science. 343, 496–497 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Barrangou, R., Klaenhammer, T.R.: Microbiology: Bacteria get vaccinated. Nature. 513, 175–176 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Brookmeyer, R., Johnson, E., Bollinger, R.: Public health vaccination policies for containing an anthrax outbreak. Nature. 432, 901–904 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Socolich, M., Lockless, S.W., Russ, W.P., Lee, H., Gardner, K.H., Ranganathan, R.: Evolutionary information for specifying a protein fold. Nature. 437, 512–518 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J., Hakonen, H.: Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Hinrichs, K., Eichhorn, K.-J. eds: Ellipsometry of Functional Organic Surfaces and Films. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
de Visser, S., Thébault, E., de Ruiter, P.C.: Ecosystem Engineers, Keystone Species. In: Leemans, R. (ed.) Ecological Systems: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. pp. 59–68. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manuscripta Mathematica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Missions To Study Atmosphere Of Venus And A “Failed Planet” Among New NASA Proposals


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Acosta, J.: Building bridges: A specialized training program for professionals in school settings to address bullying in LGBTQ youth: A grant proposal, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: A Light in Captivity, and a Subject for Writing, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManuscripta Mathematica
AbbreviationManuscripta Math.
ISSN (print)0025-2611
ISSN (online)1432-1785
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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