How to format your references using the Manuscripta Mathematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manuscripta Mathematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackay, A.L.: Character-building. Nature. 410, 19 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Marone, C., Richardson, E.: Geophysics. Do earthquakes rupture piece by piece or all together? Science. 313, 1748–1749 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, A., Halitschke, R., Baldwin, I.T.: Silencing the jasmonate cascade: induced plant defenses and insect populations. Science. 305, 665–668 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vöhringer-Martinez, E., Hansmann, B., Hernandez-Soto, H., Hernandez, H., Francisco, J.S., Troe, J., Abel, B.: Water catalysis of a radical-molecule gas-phase reaction. Science. 315, 497–501 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spiegel, R.: Psychopharmacology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Rynne, B.P.: Linear Functional Analysis. Springer, London (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Christakopoulou, E., Karypis, G.: HOSLIM: Higher-Order Sparse LInear Method for Top-N Recommender Systems. In: Tseng, V.S., Ho, T.B., Zhou, Z.-H., Chen, A.L.P., and Kao, H.-Y. (eds.) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. pp. 38–49. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manuscripta Mathematica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: New International Climate Chief Faces A Serious Communication Challenge,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hantgan, A.: Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D.: In Trump’s Silence, Pence Takes a Swipe at Russia, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManuscripta Mathematica
AbbreviationManuscripta Math.
ISSN (print)0025-2611
ISSN (online)1432-1785
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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