How to format your references using the Manuscripta Mathematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manuscripta Mathematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ambros, V.: The functions of animal microRNAs. Nature. 431, 350–355 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Boots, M., Mealor, M.: Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science. 315, 1284–1286 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Aizen, M.A., Sabatino, M., Tylianakis, J.M.: Specialization and rarity predict nonrandom loss of interactions from mutualist networks. Science. 335, 1486–1489 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C., Ma, L., Liao, L., Bai, S., Long, R., Zuo, M., Xiong, Y.: A unique platinum-graphene hybrid structure for high activity and durability in oxygen reduction reaction. Sci. Rep. 3, 2580 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitchner, J.R.: Financial Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Bellon, J.R., Wong, J.S., MacDonald, S.M., Ho, A.Y. eds: Radiation Therapy Techniques and Treatment Planning for Breast Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Drugowitsch, J., Barry, A.M.: A Principled Foundation for LCS. In: Bacardit, J., Bernadó-Mansilla, E., Butz, M.V., Kovacs, T., Llorà, X., and Takadama, K. (eds.) Learning Classifier Systems: 10th International Workshop, IWLCS 2006, Seattle, MA, USA, July 8, 2006 and 11th International Workshop, IWLCS 2007, London, UK, July 8, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 77–95. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manuscripta Mathematica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Why Too Much Facebook Can Leave You Feeling Down,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on Proposed Amendment to FAR Shipping Weight and Dimension Requirements]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, R.: Grounding theatricality in reality: The creation of the role of Suzie in “Current Nobody,” (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Szirtes, G.: Love and Violence, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManuscripta Mathematica
AbbreviationManuscripta Math.
ISSN (print)0025-2611
ISSN (online)1432-1785
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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