How to format your references using the Managing Leisure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Managing Leisure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes, E. (2014). Treatment: Marginal gains. Nature, 508(7496), S54-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkelstein, A., & Taubman, S. (2015). Health care policy. Randomize evaluations to improve health care delivery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6223), 720–722.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häkkinen, S., Rhines, P. B., & Worthen, D. L. (2011). Atmospheric blocking and Atlantic multidecadal ocean variability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6056), 655–659.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zong, S., Wang, Z., Chen, H., & Cui, Y. (2014). Assessing telomere length using surface enhanced Raman scattering. Scientific Reports, 4, 6977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paoluzzi, A., Pascucci, V., Vicentino, M., Baldazzi, C., & Portuesi, S. (2005). Geometric Programming for Computer-Aided Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bres, S., & Laurini, R. (Eds.). (2006). Visual Information and Information Systems: 8th International Conference, VISUAL 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3736). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho, J. M. (2016). Count Hermann Keyserling’s View of Japan. In J. M. Cho, L. M. Roberts, & C. W. Spang (Eds.), Transnational Encounters between Germany and Japan: Perceptions of Partnership in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (pp. 53–70). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Managing Leisure.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, April 7). Hubble Snaps Awesome Image Of Jupiter As It Makes Its Closest Approach To Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transit Asset Management: Additional Research on Capital Investment Effects Could Help Transit Agencies Optimize Funding (GAO-13-571). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shroff, N. (2012). Efficient sensing, summarization and classification of videos [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., & Hurdle, J. (2013, July 25). Harrisburg Sees Path to Restructuring Debts Without Bankruptcy Filing. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anthes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anthes, 2014; Finkelstein & Taubman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finkelstein & Taubman, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Häkkinen et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManaging Leisure
ISSN (print)1360-6719
ISSN (online)1466-450X
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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