How to format your references using the Managing Leisure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Managing Leisure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen, M. (2003). Liability for climate change. Nature, 421(6926), 891–892.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton, W. S., & Friend, S. H. (2006). Cancer biomarkers--an invitation to the table. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1165–1168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves, B., Balcan, D., & Vespignani, A. (2013). Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Scientific Reports, 3, 810.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thaiss, C. A., Levy, M., Grosheva, I., Zheng, D., Soffer, E., Blacher, E., Braverman, S., Tengeler, A. C., Barak, O., Elazar, M., Ben-Zeev, R., Lehavi-Regev, D., Katz, M. N., Pevsner-Fischer, M., Gertler, A., Halpern, Z., Harmelin, A., Aamar, S., Serradas, P., … Elinav, E. (2018). Hyperglycemia drives intestinal barrier dysfunction and risk for enteric infection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6382), 1376–1383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J. (2011). Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eilks, I., & Hofstein, A. (Eds.). (2015). Relevant Chemistry Education: From Theory to Practice. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Shaw, R. H., & Sherwood, J. A. (2006). Experimental Investigations of the Relationship of Baseball Bat Properties on Batted-Ball Performance. In E. F. Moritz & S. Haake (Eds.), The Engineering of Sport 6: Volume 1: Developments for Sports (pp. 17–22). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Managing Leisure.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 16). How Harmless Microbes Turned into Flesh-Eating Bacteria. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (GAO-14-515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro Deller, E. (2013). Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stack, L., & Healy, J. (2015, December 4). They Shared Their Working Hours, and Their Dying Moments. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Allen, 2003; Dalton & Friend, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dalton & Friend, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gonçalves et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thaiss et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleManaging Leisure
ISSN (print)1360-6719
ISSN (online)1466-450X
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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