How to format your references using the Managing Leisure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Managing Leisure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondro, W. (2000). RESEARCH COSTS: Canada to Begin Funding Overhead on Projects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492), 687a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, L., & Weidner, D. J. (2008). Effect of phase transitions on compressional-wave velocities in the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 454(7207), 984–986.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carazo-Salas, R. E., Antony, C., & Nurse, P. (2005). The kinesin Klp2 mediates polarization of interphase microtubules in fission yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 297–300.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
della Torre, A., Costantini, C., Besansky, N. J., Caccone, A., Petrarca, V., Powell, J. R., & Coluzzi, M. (2002). Speciation within Anopheles gambiae--the glass is half full. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 115–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Randall, J. F. (2006). Designing Indoor Solar Products. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wong, M.-C. (2016). Parallel Power Electronics Filters in Three-Phase Four-Wire Systems: Principle, Control and Design. (N.-Y. Dai & C.-S. Lam, Eds.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruni, R., De Nicola, R., Loreti, M., & Mezzina, L. G. (2009). Provably Correct Implementations of Services. In C. Kaklamanis & F. Nielson (Eds.), Trustworthy Global Computing: 4th International Symposium, TGC 2008, Barcelona, Spain, November 3-4, 2008, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 69–86). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Managing Leisure.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, October 3). Even Remote Deep-Sea Animals Are Ingesting Microplastics, Study Finds. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements (No. GAO-06-375). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Onal, B. (2015). RFID feasibility study for check-out stations at supermarkets (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, March 2). The ‘Coolest Man’ Heads to the Library. New York Times, p. C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondro, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kondro, 2000; Li & Weidner, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Weidner, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Carazo-Salas, Antony, & Nurse, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (della Torre et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleManaging Leisure
ISSN (print)1360-6719
ISSN (online)1466-450X
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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