How to format your references using the Managing Leisure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Managing Leisure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerwin, L. (2002). Obituary: Franco Rasetti (1901-2001). Nature, 415(6872), 597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, J., & Druker, B. (2012). Genomics: the breast cancer landscape. Nature, 486(7403), 328–329.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma, T., Araújo, N. A. M., & Herrmann, H. J. (2014). Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Scientific Reports, 4, 5638.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiong, G., Clark, J. N., Nicklin, C., Rawle, J., & Robinson, I. K. (2014). Atomic diffusion within individual gold nanocrystal. Scientific Reports, 4, 6765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kesidis, G. (2007). An Introduction to Communication Network Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Acharjya, D. P., Dehuri, S., & Sanyal, S. (Eds.). (2015). Computational Intelligence for Big Data Analysis: Frontier Advances and Applications (Vol. 19). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Morales, J. O., Watts, A. B., & McConville, J. T. (2012). Mechanical Particle-Size Reduction Techniques. In R. O. Williams III, A. B. Watts, & D. A. Miller (Eds.), Formulating Poorly Water Soluble Drugs (pp. 133–170). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Managing Leisure.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 25). Get Ready For The Dazzling Perseid Meteors In August. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration Property, Plant, and Equipment Accountability Review (AIMD-99-208R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, K. (2014). Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B. P. (2005, December 31). Closing Time; Iskandariya. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerwin, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gray & Druker, 2012; Kerwin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray & Druker, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Verma et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManaging Leisure
ISSN (print)1360-6719
ISSN (online)1466-450X
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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