How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2003) Axeing of website article sparks row at Max Planck. Nature 422(6931):460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Juliano C, Wessel G (2010) Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes. Science 329(5992):640–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E (2004) Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature 431(7011):913.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mogera U, Sagade AA, George SJ, Kulkarni GU (2014) Ultrafast response humidity sensor using supramolecular nanofibre and its application in monitoring breath humidity and flow. Sci. Rep. 4:4103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bersuker IB (2010) Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Bock HH, Gaul W, Vichi M., Arabie P, Baier D, Critchley F, Decker R, et al. eds. (2005) New Developments in Classification and Data Analysis: Proceedings of the Meeting of the Classification and Data Analysis Group (CLADAG) of the Italian Statistical Society, University of Bologna, September 22–24, 2003 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Park D, Cho S, Park J (2009) The Realization of Greenhouse Monitoring and Auto Control System Using Wireless Sensor Network for Fungus Propagation Prevention in Leaf of Crop. Ślęzak D, Kim TH, Stoica A, Kang BH, eds. Control and Automation: International Conference, CA 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, CA 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009.Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 28–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) B12 Deficiency In Mothers Raises Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes In Children. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Propriety of Additional Reimbursement for Shipment of Household Effects (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman LJ (2009) Bridging the attachment transmission gap with maternal mind-mindedness and infant temperament. Doctoral dissertation. (University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Collins Will Move From Dugout to Front Office as Mets Turn to Other Questions. New York Times (October 2).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003, Juliano and Wessel 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Juliano and Wessel 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Mogera et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles