How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehm C (2012) Ancestral hierarchy and conflict. Science 336(6083):844–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang KC, Sagadevan A (2014) One-pot room-temperature conversion of cyclohexane to adipic acid by ozone and UV light. Science 346(6216):1495–1498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiserer A, Ritter S, Rempe G (2013) Nondestructive detection of an optical photon. Science 342(6164):1349–1351.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rana R, Pandey P, Singh RP, Rana DS (2014) Positive exchange-bias and giant vertical hysteretic shift in La0.3Sr0.7FeO3/SrRuO3 bilayers. Sci. Rep. 4:4138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack T, Ostrom LT, Wilhelmsen CA (2016) Occupational Ergonomics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Gasteratos A, Vincze M, Tsotsos JK eds. (2008) Computer Vision Systems: 6th International Conference, ICVS 2008 Santorini, Greece, May 12-15, 2008 Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Rondina MT, Schwertz H (2016) Morphogenesis of Platelets in the Circulation. Schulze H, Italiano J, eds. Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease. (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 115–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New DNA Technique Means Pointing The Finger At The Right Identical Twin Just Got Easier. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Federal Agencies’ Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mocilnikar GE (2011) Playing with movies: An examination of the interactions between music and film in “Fantasie for horn and film.” Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B (2017) Fitness Classes for Saudi Arabia’s Girls. New York Times (July 12).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boehm 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Boehm 2012, Hwang and Sagadevan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hwang and Sagadevan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rana et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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