How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michel-Kerjan E (2015) We must build resilience into our communities. Nature 524(7566):389.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buskirk AR, Green R (2013) Biochemistry. Getting past polyproline pauses. Science 339(6115):38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen YZ, Huang ZG, Lai YC (2014) Controlling extreme events on complex networks. Sci. Rep. 4:6121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pham CK, Diogo H, Menezes G, Porteiro F, Braga-Henriques A, Vandeperre F, Morato T (2014) Deep-water longline fishing has reduced impact on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. Sci. Rep. 4:4837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière R (2010) X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials (ISTE, London, UK).
An edited book
Vaseashta A, Khudaverdyan S eds. (2013) Advanced Sensors for Safety and Security (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht).
A chapter in an edited book
Awange JL, Paláncz B (2016) Groebner Basis. Paláncz B, ed. Geospatial Algebraic Computations: Theory and Applications. (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Seahorses’ Tails May Inspire Future Robotics. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavin EE (2015) Discourse in monolingual and bilingual non-trial hearings. Doctoral dissertation. (Indiana University, Bloomington, IN).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) On the Home Lawn, Where Alligators Roam. New York Times (August 13).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michel-Kerjan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Buskirk and Green 2013, Michel-Kerjan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buskirk and Green 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pham et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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