How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klarreich E (2001) Wellcome Trust sets out fresh misconduct standards. Nature 412(6848):667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes MC, Scholes RJ (2013) Ecology. Dust unto dust. Science 342(6158):565–566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackermann M, Stearns SC, Jenal U (2003) Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science 300(5627):1920.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goyal SK, Boukama-Dzoussi PE, Ghosh S, Roux FS, Konrad T (2014) Qudit-teleportation for photons with linear optics. Sci. Rep. 4:4543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pouly M, Kohlas J (2011) Generic Inference (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Elvin N, Erturk A eds. (2013) Advances in Energy Harvesting Methods (Springer, New York, NY).
A chapter in an edited book
Schwarz S, Tyas TH, Prawitasari-Hadiyono JE (2014) Methodological Basis of a Culture-Specific Coping Approach. Zaumseil M, Schwarz S, von Vacano M, Sullivan GB, Prawitasari-Hadiyono JE, eds. Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia. (Springer, New York, NY), 129–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Incredible Photos of Volcanic Eruption in Iceland. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft) (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby KR (2013) Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers. Doctoral dissertation. (George Washington University, Washington, DC).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Top-Ranked Players Murray and Kerber Are Eliminated in Fourth Round. New York Times (January 22).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klarreich 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Klarreich 2001, Scholes and Scholes 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scholes and Scholes 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Goyal et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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