How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sobek S (2014) Climate science: cold carbon storage. Nature 511(7510):415–417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Razzell W, Martin P (2012) Cell biology. Embryonic clutch control. Science 335(6073):1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker G, Falick A, Staskawicz B (2005) Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science 308(5721):548–550.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rasmussen B, Bengtson S, Fletcher IR, McNaughton NJ (2002) Discoidal impressions and trace-like fossils more than 1200 million years old. Science 296(5570):1112–1115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinzinger S, Jahns J (2005) Microoptics (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG).
An edited book
Wang W, Li Y, Duan Z, Yan L, Li H, Yang X eds. (2007) Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China (Springer US, Boston, MA).
A chapter in an edited book
D’amico R (2007) Disease and the Concept of Supervenience. Kincaid H, McKitrick J, eds. Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. Philosophy and Medicine. (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) After Pluto There’s Still Plenty Of The Solar System Left To Explore. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Operation of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich JB (2009) Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward. Doctoral dissertation. (Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Linkin Park Album Is No. 1, Surprisingly. New York Times (May 29).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sobek 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Razzell and Martin 2012, Sobek 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Razzell and Martin 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasmussen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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