How to format your references using the Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waldrop MM (2011) Physics meets cancer: The disruptor. Nature 474(7349):20–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers T, Nielsen M (2009) Massively collaborative mathematics. Nature 461(7266):879–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley AI, Lang AS, Suttle CA (2003) High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature 424(6952):1054–1057.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Robinson EJH, Jackson DE, Holcombe M, Ratnieks FLW (2005) Insect communication: “no entry” signal in ant foraging. Nature 438(7067):442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calvello AA (2009) Environmental Alpha (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Hovelsrud GK, Smit B eds. (2010) Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht).
A chapter in an edited book
Van de Poel K, Vanagt E, Schrimpf U, Gasiorek J (2013) Special Challenges in Medical Communication. Vanagt E, Schrimpf U, Gasiorek J, eds. Communication Skills for Foreign and Mobile Medical Professionals. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 105–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Management Science.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Scientists and Engineers Warn Of The Dangers Of Artificial Intelligence. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitehead CF (2010) Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2005) Two Convicts From Abroad Win Hearing By Justices. New York Times (November 8).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Waldrop 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gowers and Nielsen 2009, Waldrop 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gowers and Nielsen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Robinson et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleManagement Science
AbbreviationManage. Sci.
ISSN (print)0025-1909
ISSN (online)1526-5501
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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