How to format your references using the Malaria Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Malaria Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Toms DJ. Quantum gravitational contributions to quantum electrodynamics. Nature. 2010;468:56–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shorter J, Lindquist S. Hsp104 catalyzes formation and elimination of self-replicating Sup35 prion conformers. Science. 2004;304:1793–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Blackburn EH, Epel ES, Lin J. Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science. 2015;350:1193–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Duprat J, Dobrică E, Engrand C, Aléon J, Marrocchi Y, Mostefaoui S, et al. Extreme deuterium excesses in ultracarbonaceous micrometeorites from central Antarctic snow. Science. 2010;328:742–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Xiu L. Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Agosti M, Esposito F, Thanos C, editors. Digital Libraries: 6th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2010, Padua, Italy, January 28-29, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stadler K. Chunking Constructions. In: Steels L, editor. Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Malaria Journal.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Watch Baby Spiders “Explode” From Mother During Fight [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spider-fight-unexpected-surprise/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Has Strengthened Efforts to Plan for the Optimal Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems, but Funding Uncertainties Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-875T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koenig WE. Leadership for the whole in the mythic field of C. G. Jung’s unconscious processes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Fix Duda’s Swing, With Help From an Angel. New York Times. 2017 Jun 8;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMalaria Journal
AbbreviationMalar. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2875
ScopeParasitology
Infectious Diseases

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