How to format your references using the Malaria Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Malaria Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Franklin AD. Electronics: the road to carbon nanotube transistors. Nature. 2013;498:443–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zegerman P, Diffley JFX. Checkpoint-dependent inhibition of DNA replication initiation by Sld3 and Dbf4 phosphorylation. Nature. 2010;467:474–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim J-E, Chen J, Lou Z. DBC1 is a negative regulator of SIRT1. Nature. 2008;451:583–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. White TD, Asfaw B, DeGusta D, Gilbert H, Richards GD, Suwa G, et al. Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature. 2003;423:742–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kuehni RG. Color. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Zhang X. Vehicle Power Management: Modeling, Control and Optimization. Mi C, editor. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Román JA, Rodríguez S, de la Prieta F. Improving the Distribution of Services in MAS. In: Bajo J, Escalona MJ, Giroux S, Hoffa-Dąbrowska P, Julián V, Novais P, et al., editors. Highlights of Practical Applications of Scalable Multi-Agent Systems The PAAMS Collection: International Workshops of PAAMS 2016, Sevilla, Spain, June 1-3, 2016 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Malaria Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Create Transparent Solar Concentrator [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-create-transparent-solar-concentrator/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Insurance: Issues Related to the Reauthorization of FAA’s Aviation Insurance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: T-RCED-97-115.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Banuelos J. Deficit irrigation of bermudagrass and seashore paspalum for golf course turf [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Levine MD, Brosnahan M. The Homelessness Cure. New York Times. 2015 Oct 19;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMalaria Journal
AbbreviationMalar. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2875
ScopeParasitology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles