How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greely, H. T. (2011). Get ready for the flood of fetal gene screening. Nature, 469(7330), 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wahl, E. R., & Morrill, C. (2010). Climate change. Toward understanding and predicting monsoon patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 437–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daniel, S., Chaudhury, M. K., & Chen, J. C. (2001). Fast drop movements resulting from the phase change on a gradient surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 633–636.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bauch, T., Lindström, T., Tafuri, F., Rotoli, G., Delsing, P., Claeson, T., & Lombardi, F. (2006). Quantum dynamics of a d-wave Josephson junction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5757), 57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, A., & Hernandez, S. (2016). The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vries, M. J. D. (2005). Teaching about Technology: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Technology for Non-philosophers. (W. W. Cobern, K. Tobin, H. Brown-Acquay, M. Espinet, G. Irzik, O. Jegede, … H.-L. Tuan, Eds.) (Vol. 27). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hendricks, V. F., & Hansen, P. G. (2016). Informational Cascades and Lemmings. In P. G. Hansen (Ed.), Infostorms: Why do we “like”? Explaining individual behavior on the social net (pp. 61–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 24). Girls May Perform Better At School Than Boys – But Their Experience Is Much Less Happy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). School-Age Children: Poverty and Diversity Challenge Schools Nationwide (No. HEHS-94-132). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrin, J. L. (2014). Sitting in the Fire: An Exploration of Soul-Making in Prison (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 23). Close Encounters of the Human Kind. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greely, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Greely, 2011; Wahl & Morrill, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wahl & Morrill, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Daniel, Chaudhury, & Chen, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bauch et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

Other styles