How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cane, M. A. (2010). Climate: A moist model monsoon. Nature, 463(7278), 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnqvist, G., & Rowe, L. (2002). Antagonistic coevolution between the sexes in a group of insects. Nature, 415(6873), 787–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Su, X., & Ning, K. (2014). Assessment of quality control approaches for metagenomic data analysis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Iriarte, J., Holst, I., Marozzi, O., Listopad, C., Alonso, E., Rinderknecht, A., & Montaña, J. (2004). Evidence for cultivar adoption and emerging complexity during the mid-Holocene in the La Plata basin. Nature, 432(7017), 614–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey, R. (2013). A Dictionary of Varieties of English. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Abdulrazak, B., Giroux, S., Bouchard, B., Pigot, H., & Mokhtari, M. (Eds.). (2011). Toward Useful Services for Elderly and People with Disabilities: 9th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2011, Montreal, Canada, June 20-22, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6719). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bavry, A. A., & Kumbhani, D. J. (2012). Peripheral interventions. In D. J. Kumbhani (Ed.), Indications and techniques of percutaneous procedures: Coronary, peripheral, and structural heart disease (pp. 29–60). Springer Healthcare Ltd.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 9). Distant Star Formation Seen As Never Before. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Financial Management: Assessment of the Airline Industry’s Estimated Losses Arising From the Events of September 11 (GAO-02-133R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finley, S. (2014). How online communication and social media networking are used in alcohol use treatment [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander, K. (2003, June 15). A Squeeze Box Philharmonic. New York Times, 227.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cane, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Arnqvist & Rowe, 2002; Cane, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnqvist & Rowe, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Iriarte et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

Other styles