How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brazeau, M. D. (2009). The braincase and jaws of a Devonian “acanthodian” and modern gnathostome origins. Nature, 457(7227), 305–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricciardi, A., & Ward, J. M. (2006). Comment on “Opposing effects of native and exotic herbivores on plant invasions.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5785), 298; author reply 298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker, G., Falick, A., & Staskawicz, B. (2005). Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 548–550.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Harman, T. C., Taylor, P. J., Walsh, M. P., & LaForge, B. E. (2002). Quantum dot superlattice thermoelectric materials and devices. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2229–2232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker, W. (2010). Dust that Breathes. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Beckmann, A., Berger, U., Löwe, B., & Tucker, J. V. (Eds.). (2006). Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers: Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3988). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Almandoz, J. E. D., Kamalian, S., González, R. G., Lev, M. H., & Romero, J. M. (2011). Imaging of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Stroke CT Angiography (CTA). In R. G. González, J. A. Hirsch, M. H. Lev, P. W. Schaefer, & L. H. Schwamm (Eds.), Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention (pp. 57–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). Fish Oil Supplements Could Prevent The Onset Of Psychotic Disorders. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Recent Development in Science and Technology: Progress and Concerns (No. 094655). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jha, J. S. (2013). [3+2] Cycloaddition Reaction of Gem-Dicyanoepoxide and Electrophilic Reaction of Ethyl Atropate [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2005, November 20). One-of-a-Kind Gifts, All Made by Hand. New York Times, 14LI17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brazeau, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brazeau, 2009; Ricciardi & Ward, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ricciardi & Ward, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Coaker et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Harman et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

Other styles