How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaughlin, S. (2006). Cell biology. Tools to tamper with phosphoinositides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5804), 1402–1403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siomi, H., & Siomi, M. C. (2009). On the road to reading the RNA-interference code. Nature, 457(7228), 396–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gitlin, L., Karelsky, S., & Andino, R. (2002). Short interfering RNA confers intracellular antiviral immunity in human cells. Nature, 418(6896), 430–434.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ward, B. B., Devol, A. H., Rich, J. J., Chang, B. X., Bulow, S. E., Naik, H., Pratihary, A., & Jayakumar, A. (2009). Denitrification as the dominant nitrogen loss process in the Arabian Sea. Nature, 461(7260), 78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A. (2016). Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nkonya, E., Mirzabaev, A., & von Braun, J. (Eds.). (2016). Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chong, Z., & Yang, L. (2016). An Algorithm for Automatic Recognition of Manhole Covers Based on MMS Images. In T. Tan, G. Wang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yuan, R. He, & S. Li (Eds.), Advances in Image and Graphics Technologies: 11th Chinese Conference, IGTA 2016, Beijing, China, July 8-9, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 27–34). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, October 22). Ants Improve Network Design. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Audit of Accounts at the U.S. Army Research and Development Command (No. 094277). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haradon, C. M. (2010). The ecological context of the Acheulean to Middle Stone Age transition in Africa [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M. (2017, October 22). Winning? Political Bellwether Grows Tired Waiting for Trump to Deliver. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaughlin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McLaughlin, 2006; Siomi & Siomi, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siomi & Siomi, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Gitlin et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ward et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

Other styles