How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kubas, G. J. (2006). Chemistry. Breaking the H2 marriage and reuniting the couple. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5802), 1096–1097.
A journal article with 2 authors
Attrill, M. J., & Power, M. (2002). Climatic influence on a marine fish assemblage. Nature, 417(6886), 275–278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bortnik, J., Thorne, R. M., & Meredith, N. P. (2008). The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions. Nature, 452(7183), 62–66.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Colwell, R. K., Brehm, G., Cardelús, C. L., Gilman, A. C., & Longino, J. T. (2008). Global warming, elevational range shifts, and lowland biotic attrition in the wet tropics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 258–261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gable, J., & Herrmann, T. (2016). Counselling Skills for Dietitians. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sanches, J. M., Micó, L., & Cardoso, J. S. (Eds.). (2013). Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: 6th Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2013, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, June 5-7, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7887). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Apu, R. A., & Gavrilova, M. L. (2009). Efficient Swarm Neighborhood Management Using the Layered Delaunay Triangulation. In M. L. Gavrilova (Ed.), Generalized Voronoi Diagram: A Geometry-Based Approach to Computational Intelligence (pp. 109–129). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 29). Working At A Desk Means You Might Die Sooner, Unless You Exercise For An Hour Every Day. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Commercial Aviation: Airline Industry Contraction Due to Volatile Fuel Prices and Falling Demand Affects Airports, Passengers, and Federal Government Revenues (GAO-09-393). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turner, L. B. (2012). Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, January 16). Supreme Court Limits Lawsuits by Shareholders. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kubas, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Attrill & Power, 2002; Kubas, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Attrill & Power, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bortnik et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Colwell et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

Other styles