How to format your references using the Magister citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magister. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoelzel, A. R. (2015). CONSERVATION. Can DNA foil the poachers? Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan, Q. R., & Hendrickson, W. A. (2005). Structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone in complex with its receptor. Nature, 433(7023), 269–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, C. S. W., Franke, T. F., & Gan, W.-B. (2012). Opposite effects of fear conditioning and extinction on dendritic spine remodelling. Nature, 483(7387), 87–91.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jain, R., Kabir, K., Gilroy, J. B., Mitchell, K. A. R., Wong, K.-C., & Hicks, R. G. (2007). High-temperature metal-organic magnets. Nature, 445(7125), 291–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright, D. (2016). Using Commercial Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Voyiadjis, G. Z. (2008). Elasto-Plastic and Damage Analysis of Plates and Shells (P. Woelke, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karlsson, F., & Ågerfalk, P. J. (2008). Method Configuration: The eXtreme Programming Case. In P. Abrahamsson, R. Baskerville, K. Conboy, B. Fitzgerald, L. Morgan, & X. Wang (Eds.), Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 9th International Conference, XP 2008, Limerick, Ireland, June 10-14, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 32–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magister.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 3). The Legal Minefield Of 3D Printed Guns. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer (GAO-06-624). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento, K. A. (2017). The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Subjective Well-Being of Collegiate Athletes [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, April 12). On When They Met, and Those Vacancies. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoelzel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fan & Hendrickson, 2005; Hoelzel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fan & Hendrickson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lai et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jain et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMagister
ISSN (print)0212-6796

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