How to format your references using the Lung India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lung India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Howell P. Listen to the lessons of The King’s Speech. Nature. 2011 Feb 3;470(7332):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gandhi CS, Rees DC. Biochemistry. Opening the molecular floodgates. Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sang L, Coller HA, Roberts JM. Control of the reversibility of cellular quiescence by the transcriptional repressor HES1. Science. 2008 Aug 22;321(5892):1095–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ratje AH, Loerke J, Mikolajka A, Brünner M, Hildebrand PW, Starosta AL, et al. Head swivel on the ribosome facilitates translocation by means of intra-subunit tRNA hybrid sites. Nature. 2010 Dec 2;468(7324):713–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Franssen J-M, Vila Real P. Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Chignell M, Cordy JR, Kealey R, Ng J, Yesha Y, editors. The Personal Web: A Research Agenda. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XIV, 221 p. 97 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7855).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Otero C, Valentini P. Decision Support System in Product Engineering. In: Fischer X, Daidie A, Eynard B, Paredes M, editors. Research in Interactive Design (Vol 4): Mechanics, Design Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lung India.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Horizons Spacecraft Captures Pluto And Charon’s Orbital Dance [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-horizons-spacecraft-captures-pluto-and-charons-orbital-dance/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Oct. Report No.: RCED-94-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hsueh T. ENV9, a novel gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is responsible for the pleiotropic phenotype of env9Δ and encodes a membrane protein that is localized to lipid droplets [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mueller B, Schweber N. Driver Arrested After Bus Fatally Strikes Pedestrian. New York Times. 2015 Nov 4;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleLung India
AbbreviationLung India
ISSN (print)0970-2113
ISSN (online)0974-598X
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles