How to format your references using the Long Range Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Long Range Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pirrotta, V., 2012. Molecular biology. How to read the chromatin past. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, 919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pruszynski, J.A., Diedrichsen, J., 2015. Neuroscience. Reading the mind to move the body. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348, 860–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollitz, F.F., Wicks, C., Thatcher, W., 2001. Mantle flow beneath a continental strike-slip fault: postseismic deformation after the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 1814–1818.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, W., Xu, Z., Huang, J., Lin, X., Luo, R., Chen, C.-H., Shi, P., 2014. NeuroArray: a universal interface for patterning and interrogating neural circuitry with single cell resolution. Scientific Reports 4, 4784.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lawless, H.T., 2013. Quantitative Sensory Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pasura, D., Erdal, M.B. (Eds.), 2016. Migration, Transnationalism and Catholicism: Global Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Was, G.S., Allen, T.R., 2007. RADIATION DAMAGE FROM DIFFERENT PARTICLE TYPES, in: Sickafus, K.E., Kotomin, E.A., Uberuaga, B.P. (Eds.), Radiation Effects in Solids, NATO Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Long Range Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How A New Test Is Revolutionising What We Know About Viruses In Our Midst [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues (No. T-RCED-89-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rudoy, S.I., 2014. Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2013. Pension Funds Wary as Bankrupt City Goes to Trial. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pirrotta, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pirrotta, 2012; Pruszynski and Diedrichsen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pruszynski and Diedrichsen, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLong Range Planning
AbbreviationLong Range Plann.
ISSN (print)0024-6301
ScopeStrategy and Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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