How to format your references using the Long Range Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Long Range Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rickaby, R., 2010. Journal club. A biogeochemist weighs up the climatic influence of CO2. Nature 465, 849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers, M.L., Olson, C.R., 2012. In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338, 132–135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Isakov, S.V., Melko, R.G., Hastings, M.B., 2012. Universal signatures of fractionalized quantum critical points. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, 193–195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ata, S., Mizuno, T., Nishizawa, A., Subramaniam, C., Futaba, D.N., Hata, K., 2014. Influence of matching solubility parameter of polymer matrix and CNT on electrical conductivity of CNT/rubber composite. Scientific Reports 4, 7232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., Pamela, B., 2017. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Sulaiman, H.A., Othman, M.A., Othman, M.F.I., Rahim, Y.A., Pee, N.C. (Eds.), 2016. Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreescu, T., Andrica, D., 2014. Olympiad-Caliber Problems, in: Andrica, D. (Ed.), Complex Numbers from A to ... Z. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp. 175–275.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Long Range Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Hubble Takes Spectacular Photograph Of Nebula And Star Together [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Federal Funding Provided to 10 Police Departments for Intelligence Activities (No. GGD-76-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahler, E.B., 2008. Defining career success in the 21st century: A narrative study of intentional work role transitions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2001. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Examining The Kursk. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rickaby, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Leathers and Olson, 2012; Rickaby, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leathers and Olson, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ata et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLong Range Planning
AbbreviationLong Range Plann.
ISSN (print)0024-6301
ScopeStrategy and Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles