How to format your references using the Long Range Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Long Range Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batygin, K., 2012. A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature 491, 418–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marinoni, C., Buzzi, A., 2010. A geometric measure of dark energy with pairs of galaxies. Nature 468, 539–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Causier, B., Kieffer, M., Davies, B., 2002. Plant biology. MADS-box genes reach maturity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, 275–276.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lecuit, M., Vandormael-Pournin, S., Lefort, J., Huerre, M., Gounon, P., Dupuy, C., Babinet, C., Cossart, P., 2001. A transgenic model for listeriosis: role of internalin in crossing the intestinal barrier. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, 1722–1725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Masujima, M., 2005. Applied Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Ramsay, J.O., 2005. Functional Data Analysis, Second Edition. ed, Springer Series in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, X., Liu, W., Li, Z., Gao, W., 2014. A Continuous Virtual Vector-Based Algorithm for Measuring Cardinality Distribution, in: Sun, X.-H., Qu, W., Stojmenovic, I., Zhou, W., Li, Z., Guo, H., Min, G., Yang, T., Wu, Y., Liu, L. (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 14th International Conference, ICA3PP 2014, Dalian, China, August 24-27, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Long Range Planning.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Plants Can Learn By Association, Just Like Pavlov’s Dogs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/plants-can-learn-by-association-just-like-pavlovs-dogs-/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Security: FAA’s Deployments of Equipment to Detect Traces of Explosives (No. RCED-99-32R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, D.W., 2012. An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Decades After a Stroke, Seeking Independence and Normalcy. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batygin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Batygin, 2012; Marinoni and Buzzi, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marinoni and Buzzi, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lecuit et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLong Range Planning
AbbreviationLong Range Plann.
ISSN (print)0024-6301
ScopeStrategy and Management
Finance
Geography, Planning and Development

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