How to format your references using the Lipids in Health and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lipids in Health and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schenkel R. Science policy. The challenge of feeding scientific advice into policy-making. Science. 2010;330:1749–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davies HML, Manning JR. Catalytic C-H functionalization by metal carbenoid and nitrenoid insertion. Nature. 2008;451:417–24.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Loh AN, Bauer JE, Druffel ERM. Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean. Nature. 2004;430:877–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao X, Meng G, Han F, Li X, Chen B, Xu Q, et al. Nanocontainers made of various materials with tunable shape and size. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hunter DA. A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Renz M, Shahabi C, Zhou X, Cheema MA, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 20th International Conference, DASFAA 2015, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 20-23, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Morazzani I, Hong D, Lahr D, Ren P. Novel Tripedal Mobile Robot and Considerations for Gait Planning Strategies Based on Kinematics. In: Lee S, Suh IH, Kim MS, editors. Recent Progress in Robotics: Viable Robotic Service to Human: An Edition of the Selected Papers from the 13th International Conference on Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lipids in Health and Disease.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Marijuana Extract Reduces Seizures In Kids With Severe Epilepsy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: OGC-00-69.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hwang YJ. Three Essays on Economics and Risk Perception [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Snack Like a Surfer. New York Times. 2010 Jul 4;NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLipids in Health and Disease
AbbreviationLipids Health Dis.
ISSN (online)1476-511X
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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