How to format your references using the Lipids in Health and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lipids in Health and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koenig R. Profile. South Africa’s bone man: 80 and still digging into the past. Science. 2005;310:608–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hafernik J, Saul-Gershenz L. Beetle larvae cooperate to mimic bees. Nature. 2000;405:35–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bence NF, Sampat RM, Kopito RR. Impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system by protein aggregation. Science. 2001;292:1552–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Griffith EM, Paytan A, Caldeira K, Bullen TD, Thomas E. A dynamic marine calcium cycle during the past 28 million years. Science. 2008;322:1671–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bolstad WM. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Jackson DR. High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics. Richardson MD, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rosen G. Condo-ism and Urban Renewal: Insights from Toronto and Jerusalem. In: Lehavi A, editor. Private Communities and Urban Governance: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 77–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lipids in Health and Disease.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Mass Grave Reveals Organised Violence Among Europe’s First Farmers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mass-grave-reveals-organised-violence-among-europe-s-first-farmers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Perceptions of Stakeholders on Approaches to Reduce Highway Project Completion Time. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Apr. Report No.: GAO-03-398.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brasseaux S. The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Curtain’s Up. Adulthood Can Wait. New York Times. 2017 Aug 15;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLipids in Health and Disease
AbbreviationLipids Health Dis.
ISSN (online)1476-511X
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Endocrinology
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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