How to format your references using the Lipids in Health and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lipids in Health and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Faber KT. Materials science. Small volumes create super(elastic) effects. Science. 2013;341:1464–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chen WP, Brudzinski MR. Evidence for a large-scale remnant of subducted lithosphere beneath Fiji. Science. 2001;292:2475–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hellweger FL, van Sebille E, Fredrick ND. Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science. 2014;345:1346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kangaspeska S, Stride B, Métivier R, Polycarpou-Schwarz M, Ibberson D, Carmouche RP, et al. Transient cyclical methylation of promoter DNA. Nature. 2008;452:112–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vitetta GM, Taylor DP, Colavolpe G, Pancaldi F, Martin PA. Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Florentine M, Popper AN, Fay RR, editors. Loudness. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Khan QJA, Benkherouf L, Smaoui N. Stability and Optimal Harvesting in a Stage Structure Predator-Prey Switching Strategy. In: Hosking RJ, Venturino E, editors. Aspects of Mathematical Modelling: Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008. p. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lipids in Health and Disease.

Blog post
1. Davis J. The “Extinct” Yangtze River Dolphin Has Reportedly Been Spotted [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 May. Report No.: GAO-13-627T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mosher L. The relationship between Christian literature and executive leader performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus I by S. ‘I Really Put Myself Out There.’ New York Times. 2013 Nov 1;MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLipids in Health and Disease
AbbreviationLipids Health Dis.
ISSN (online)1476-511X
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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