How to format your references using the Leprosy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leprosy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith C. Microscopy: Two microscopes are better than one. Nature. 2012 Dec 13;492(7428):293–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Liu HY, Gao X. A universal protein tag for delivery of SiRNA-aptamer chimeras. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 7;3:3129.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nishiyama T, Ohsumi K, Kishimoto T. Phosphorylation of Erp1 by p90rsk is required for cytostatic factor arrest in Xenopus laevis eggs. Nature. 2007 Apr 26;446(7139):1096–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dobrowsky TM, Rabi SA, Nedellec R, Daniels BR, Mullins JI, Mosier DE, et al. Adhesion and fusion efficiencies of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) surface proteins. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 22;3:3014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zanotto ED. Crystals in Glass. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Stosor V, Zembower TR, editors. Infectious Complications in Cancer Patients. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. X, 511 p. 18 illus., 13 illus. in color. (Cancer Treatment and Research; vol. 161).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chriss N, Ginzburg V. Springer Theory for u (sln). In: Ginzburg V, editor. Representation Theory and Complex Geometry. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2010. p. 193–230.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leprosy Review.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Alcohol Can Protect Eyewitness Memory [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/alcohol-can-protect-eyewitness-memory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Physical Conditions of the Interstate Highway System Have Improved, but Congestion and Other Pressure Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-1128T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Barger B. A Quantitative Study of Educational Poverty, School Location, and Student Achievement Measured by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Weber B. Henry Worsley, a British Adventurer Trying to Cross Antarctica, Dies at 55. New York Times. 2016 Jan 26;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleLeprosy Review
AbbreviationLepr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-7518
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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