How to format your references using the Legal and Criminological Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Legal and Criminological Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M. (2014). Drug development: Time for teamwork. Nature, 509(7498), S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koos, E., & Willenbacher, N. (2011). Capillary forces in suspension rheology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 897–900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Langmore, N. E., Hunt, S., & Kilner, R. M. (2003). Escalation of a coevolutionary arms race through host rejection of brood parasitic young. Nature, 422(6928), 157–160.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brinster, S., Lamberet, G., Staels, B., Trieu-Cuot, P., Gruss, A., & Poyart, C. (2009). Type II fatty acid synthesis is not a suitable antibiotic target for Gram-positive pathogens. Nature, 458(7234), 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang, C. (2016). The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Freeman, A. (2010). Pro LINQ: Language Integrated Query in C# 2010 (J. C. Rattz, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T. J., & Zwinderman, A. H. (2013). Optimal Binning. In A. H. Zwinderman (Ed.), Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Three (pp. 37–46). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Legal and Criminological Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 15). Air Umbrella Creates “Force Field” That Keeps You Dry. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Reserve Has Established Effective Year 2000 Management Controls for Internal Systems Conversion (AIMD-99-78). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eastwood, J. L. (2010). The effects of an interdisciplinary undergraduate human biology program on socioscientific reasoning, content learning, and understanding of inquiry [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., & Wolgelenter, M. (2017, May 5). E.U. Leader Jokes About English’s Decline. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Koos & Willenbacher, 2011; May, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koos & Willenbacher, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Langmore et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brinster et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleLegal and Criminological Psychology
AbbreviationLegal Criminol. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1355-3259
ISSN (online)2044-8333
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Applied Psychology

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