How to format your references using the Legal and Criminological Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Legal and Criminological Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Volonteri, M. (2012). The formation and evolution of massive black holes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6094), 544–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lessard, J., & Sauvageau, G. (2003). Bmi-1 determines the proliferative capacity of normal and leukaemic stem cells. Nature, 423(6937), 255–260.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, M., Carman, C. V., & Springer, T. A. (2003). Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1720–1725.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
DeFalco, J., Tomishima, M., Liu, H., Zhao, C., Cai, X., Marth, J. D., … Friedman, J. M. (2001). Virus-assisted mapping of neural inputs to a feeding center in the hypothalamus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5513), 2608–2613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, D. A., van de Waterbeemd, H., & Walker, D. K. (2006). Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Deinum, M. (2012). Pro Spring MVC: With Web Flow. (K. Serneels, C. Yates, S. Ladd, & C. Vanfleteren, Eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Kall, P., & Mayer, J. (2011). Algorithms. In J. Mayer (Ed.), Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation (pp. 285–382). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Legal and Criminological Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 25). Two New Horned Dinosaur Discoveries Reveal A Striking Evolutionary Divide. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Free Legal Services for the Poor: Increased Coordination, Community Legal Education, and Outreach Needed (No. HRD-78-164). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashirgade, A. (2010). Mechanistic study of the rubber-brass adhesion interphase (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, November 14). THE TRANSITION: Packaging the Candidate; The Making of a First Family: a Blueprint. New York Times, p. 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Volonteri, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lessard & Sauvageau, 2003; Volonteri, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lessard & Sauvageau, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kim, Carman, & Springer, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (DeFalco et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLegal and Criminological Psychology
AbbreviationLegal Criminol. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1355-3259
ISSN (online)2044-8333
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Applied Psychology

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