How to format your references using the Landscape and Ecological Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Ecological Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balatsky AV (2000) Superconductivity. From obscurity to impurity. Nature 403:717–718
A journal article with 2 authors
Padoa-Schioppa C, Assad JA (2006) Neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex encode economic value. Nature 441:223–226
A journal article with 3 authors
Traag VA, Krings G, Van Dooren P (2013) Significant scales in community structure. Sci Rep 3:2930
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Neumüller RA, Betschinger J, Fischer A, et al (2008) Mei-P26 regulates microRNAs and cell growth in the Drosophila ovarian stem cell lineage. Nature 454:241–245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu D (2014) New Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Giannakopoulou D, Méry D (eds) (2012) FM 2012: Formal Methods: 18th International Symposium, Paris, France, August 27-31, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Komatineni S, MacLean D, Hashimi SY (2011) Understanding Intents. In: MacLean D, Hashimi SY (eds) Pro Android 3. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 125–144

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Ecological Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Wildlife Photographer Of The Year 2016 Captures The Jaw-Dropping Awesomeness Of The Natural World. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/wildlife-photographer-of-the-year-2016-captures-the-jawdropping-awesomeness-of-the-natural-world/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Airport Financing: Information on Airport Fees Paid by Airlines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Child RJ (2013) The evolution of BARREN INFLORESCENCE1 and related AUX/IAA genes in angiosperms. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lasdun J (2017) Odd Coupling. New York Times BR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balatsky 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Balatsky 2000; Padoa-Schioppa and Assad 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Padoa-Schioppa and Assad 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Neumüller et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Ecological Engineering
AbbreviationLandsc. Ecol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1860-1871
ISSN (online)1860-188X
ScopeEcology
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles