How to format your references using the KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malim, M.H. (2014). HIV: Ringside views: Nature, Vol. 505, No. 7482, pp. 167–168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik, P., and Smith, A. (2002). Biotech jobs are still around despite the recent bumpy ride: Nature, Vol. 418, No. 6893, pp. 4–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bomfleur, B., McLoughlin, S., and Vajda, V. (2014). Fossilized nuclei and chromosomes reveal 180 million years of genomic stasis in royal ferns: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 343, No. 6177, pp. 1376–1377.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Hudait, M.K., Clavel, M., Goley, P., Jain, N., and Zhu, Y. (2014). Heterogeneous integration of epitaxial Ge on Si using AlAs/GaAs buffer architecture: suitability for low-power fin field-effect transistors: Scientific reports, Vol. 4, p. 6964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, R.M., and Puckett, J.A. (2013). Design of Highway Bridges, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Craswell, E., Bonnell, M., Bossio, D., Demuth, S., and Giesen, N.V.D. (Eds.) (2007). Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change: A North-South Analysis, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Renger, M., Kolfschoten, G.L., and de Vreede, G.-J. (2008). “Challenges in Collaborative Modeling: A Literature Review.” Advances in Enterprise Engineering I: 4th International Workshop CIAO! and 4th International Workshop EOMAS, held at CAiSE 2008, Montpellier, France, June 16-17, 2008. Proceedings, Dietz, J.L.G., Albani, A. and Barjis, J. eds., Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “World’s Biggest Dinosaur” Discovered: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984). Many Proprietary Schools Do Not Comply With Department of Education’s Pell Grant Program Requirements: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkinson, B. (2017). You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Lucky Loser in Qualifying Becomes Tired Winner of the Bronx Classic: New York Times, p. D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Malim, 2014; Smaglik and Smith, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Smith, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hudait et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
AbbreviationKSCE J. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1226-7988
ISSN (online)1976-3808
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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