How to format your references using the KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burnett, D.S. (2006). NASA returns rocks from a comet: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 314, No. 5806, pp. 1709–1710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, H.Y., and Gao, X. (2013). A universal protein tag for delivery of SiRNA-aptamer chimeras: Scientific reports, Vol. 3, p. 3129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winkler, W., Nahvi, A., and Breaker, R.R. (2002). Thiamine derivatives bind messenger RNAs directly to regulate bacterial gene expression: Nature, Vol. 419, No. 6910, pp. 952–956.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Moriyama, S., Brestoff, J.R., Flamar, A.-L., Moeller, J.B., Klose, C.S.N., Rankin, L.C., Yudanin, N.A., Monticelli, L.A., Putzel, G.G., Rodewald, H.-R., and Artis, D. (2018). β2-adrenergic receptor-mediated negative regulation of group 2 innate lymphoid cell responses: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 359, No. 6379, pp. 1056–1061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Batatia, H., and Messai, A. (2016). Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Krause, A. (2005). The Basics of S-PLUS (M. Olson, Ed.), Fourth Edition Ed., Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, D., and Friesen, J. (2014). “Communications and Networking.” Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach, Friesen, J. ed., Apress, Berkeley, CA, p. 285–379.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). There’s A New Way For Crooks To Get Your Card Details From An ATM: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons, J.R. (2010). Throwing a wrench in the translational machinery: Discovery of RNA ligands by fluorescence techniques, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Mets Win as Bruce Drives in Five Runs With Two Homers: New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burnett, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Burnett, 2006; Liu and Gao, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Gao, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Moriyama et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
AbbreviationKSCE J. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1226-7988
ISSN (online)1976-3808
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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