How to format your references using the KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K.S. (2000). India’s finest, for hire: Nature, Vol. 407, No. 6806, pp. 830–831.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigman, D.M., and Boyle, E.A. (2000). Glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide: Nature, Vol. 407, No. 6806, pp. 859–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walker, J.J., Spear, J.R., and Pace, N.R. (2005). Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment: Nature, Vol. 434, No. 7036, pp. 1011–1014.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Tsukuda, T., Fleming, A.B., Nickoloff, J.A., and Osley, M.A. (2005). Chromatin remodelling at a DNA double-strand break site in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Nature, Vol. 438, No. 7066, pp. 379–383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S.V. (2006). Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jordan, L. (2011). Practical Android Projects (P. Greyling, Ed.), Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerein, N., Green, A., Mirzoev, T., and Pearson, S. (2009). “Health System Impacts on Maternal and Child Health.” Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies, Ehiri, J. ed., Springer US, Boston, MA, p. 83–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Two Of The World’s Largest Rodents Are On The Run From Toronto Zoo: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Regulatory Flexibility in Schools: What Happens When Schools Are Allowed to Change the Rules? U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Creason, P.J. (2015). The assessment of student learning outcomes at a California community college: Insight from faculty in a single department, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008). Eve Thompson and Richard Robinson: New York Times, p. ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman, 2000; Sigman and Boyle, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sigman and Boyle, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsukuda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
AbbreviationKSCE J. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1226-7988
ISSN (online)1976-3808
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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