How to format your references using the KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennetzen, J. (2002). The rice genome. Opening the door to comparative plant biology: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 296, No. 5565, pp. 60–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starace, D.M., and Bezanilla, F. (2004). A proton pore in a potassium channel voltage sensor reveals a focused electric field: Nature, Vol. 427, No. 6974, pp. 548–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maiorano, D., Moreau, J., and Méchali, M. (2000). XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis: Nature, Vol. 404, No. 6778, pp. 622–625.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Hung, C.P., Kreiman, G., Poggio, T., and DiCarlo, J.J. (2005). Fast readout of object identity from macaque inferior temporal cortex: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 310, No. 5749, pp. 863–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D.W. (2014). Risk Management in Trading, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kovács, L., Fuhr, N., and Meghini, C. (Eds.) (2007). Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Laprie, J.-C., Kanoun, K., and Kaâniche, M. (2007). “Modelling Interdependencies Between the Electricity and Information Infrastructures.” Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 26th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2007, Nuremberg, Germany, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings, Saglietti, F. and Oster, N. eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 54–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). People Are Freaking Out At This Apparent Time Traveler Filmed At A Mike Tyson Boxing Match In The ’90s: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Educating People at Risk for AIDS: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glover, D. (2010). Reconciling the doctrine of original sin with principles of moral responsibility, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Still Stretching Toward Heaven: New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bennetzen, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bennetzen, 2002; Starace and Bezanilla, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starace and Bezanilla, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hung et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
AbbreviationKSCE J. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1226-7988
ISSN (online)1976-3808
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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