How to format your references using the KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waters, A.P. (2003). Parasitology. Guilty until proven otherwise: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 301, No. 5639, pp. 1487–1488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Say, R.F., and Fuchs, G. (2010). Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase/phosphatase may be an ancestral gluconeogenic enzyme: Nature, Vol. 464, No. 7291, pp. 1077–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, C.-I., Shi, S., and Zhang, Y.-P. (2004). A case for conservation: Nature, Vol. 428, No. 6979, pp. 213–214.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Shendure, J., Porreca, G.J., Reppas, N.B., Lin, X., McCutcheon, J.P., Rosenbaum, A.M., Wang, M.D., Zhang, K., Mitra, R.D., and Church, G.M. (2005). Accurate multiplex polony sequencing of an evolved bacterial genome: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 309, No. 5741, pp. 1728–1732.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D.L., Cherry, S., Douglas, C.J., and Schwartz, A. (2010). Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rosette, J.J.M.C.H. de la, and Gill, I.S. (Eds.) (2005). Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery in Malignancies, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalikias, G.K., and Tziakas, D.N. (2016). “Biomarkers of the Extracellular Matrix and of Collagen Fragments.” Biomarkers in Cardiovascular Disease, Patel, V.B. and Preedy, V.R. eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p. 87–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). Study Looks Into Your Chances Of Surviving A Zombie Apocalypse: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Mass Transit: Effects of Tax Changes on Commuter Behavior: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Kharafi, H.T. (2017). TF-CBT with the Pediatric Medical Population: A Modification, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014). Peace-Talk Critic Takes Lead in Colombia Presidential Vote: New York Times, p. A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Waters, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Waters, 2003; Say and Fuchs, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Say and Fuchs, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shendure et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
AbbreviationKSCE J. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1226-7988
ISSN (online)1976-3808
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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