How to format your references using the Heart Rhythm citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Rhythm. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C: Microscopy: Two microscopes are better than one. Nature 2012; 492:293–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dagan T, Martin W: Microbiology. Seeing green and red in diatom genomes. Science 2009; 324:1651–1652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuna DE, Allesina S, Kording KP: Future impact: Predicting scientific success. Nature 2012; 489:201–202.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Rodewald HR, Paul S, Haller C, Bluethmann H, Blum C: Thymus medulla consisting of epithelial islets each derived from a single progenitor. Nature 2001; 414:763–768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C: Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016,.
An edited book
Chao K-M: Sequence Comparison: Theory and Methods. Zhang L, ed: London: Springer, 2009,.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao L, Cama V: Cryptosporidium and Cryptosporidiosis. In Ortega YR, ed: Foodborne Parasites. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006, pp. 57–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Rhythm.

Blog post
Andrew E: Second Group of Isolated Indians Contact Outsiders Following Attacks [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30],. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: What Assurance Does Office of Education’s Eligibility Process Provide? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979 Jan. Report No.: HRD-78-120.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borchardt GM: Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University, 2013,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG: A Super Mission: Crashing the Closet. New York Times 2017 Mar 30;AR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Rhythm
AbbreviationHeart Rhythm
ISSN (print)1547-5271
ISSN (online)1556-3871
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles