How to format your references using the Heart Rhythm citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Rhythm. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huch M: Regenerative biology: The versatile and plastic liver. Nature 2015; 517:155–156.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasparakis M, Vandenabeele P: Necroptosis and its role in inflammation. Nature 2015; 517:311–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boudvillain M, de Lencastre A, Pyle AM: A tertiary interaction that links active-site domains to the 5’ splice site of a group II intron. Nature 2000; 406:315–318.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Miyamaru F, Morita H, Nishiyama Y, et al.: Ultrafast optical control of group delay of narrow-band terahertz waves. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nash J: Diabetes and Wellbeing. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013,.
An edited book
White AP: Linear Parameter-Varying Control for Engineering Applications. Zhu G, Choi J, eds: London: Springer, 2013,.
A chapter in an edited book
Carolan E, McLoone SC, Farrell R: A Predictive Model for Minimising Power Usage in Radio Access Networks. In Agüero R, Zinner T, García-Lozano M, Wenning B-L, Timm-Giel A, eds: Mobile Networks and Management: 7th International Conference, MONAMI 2015, Santander, Spain, September 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Rhythm.

Blog post
Hale T: This Cloud Actually Rains Drops Of Tequila [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30],. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Security: Federal Communications Commission Needs to Strengthen Controls over Enhanced Secured Network Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2013 Jan. Report No.: GAO-13-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade S: Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach, 2017,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walker M: One Man’s Search for a ‘Chicano Rockwell.’ New York Times 2017 Jul 26;C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Rhythm
AbbreviationHeart Rhythm
ISSN (print)1547-5271
ISSN (online)1556-3871
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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