How to format your references using the Heart Rhythm citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Rhythm. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heglund NC: Physiology. Running a-fowl of the law. Science 2004; 303:47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hu X, Zhou Q: Novel hydrated graphene ribbon unexpectedly promotes aged seed germination and root differentiation. Sci Rep 2014; 4:3782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuno T, Tada K, Watanabe Y: Kinetochore geometry defined by cohesion within the centromere. Nature 2009; 458:852–858.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Keller PJ, Schmidt AD, Wittbrodt J, Stelzer EHK: Reconstruction of zebrafish early embryonic development by scanned light sheet microscopy. Science 2008; 322:1065–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rebonato R: Volatility and Correlation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004,.
An edited book
Steel G, editor: Power in Contemporary Japan. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016,.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferronsky VI, Denisik SA, Ferronsky SV: Perturbed Virial Oscillations of a System. In Denisik SA, Ferronsky SV, eds: Jacobi Dynamics: A Unified Theory with Applications to Geophysics, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics and Cosmology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, pp. 123–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Rhythm.

Blog post
Fang J: Monkeys Photographed Eating Bats For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30],. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Coast Guard: Clarifying the Application of Guidance for Common Operational Picture Development Would Strengthen Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-321.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan HL: Normalizing happiness: The rhetoric of depression in Direct -to -Consumer advertising [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona, 2009,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz B, Pilon M: Stars’ Newest Must-Have Item: The Clippers. New York Times 2014 Apr 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Rhythm
AbbreviationHeart Rhythm
ISSN (print)1547-5271
ISSN (online)1556-3871
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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