How to format your references using the Heart Rhythm citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Rhythm. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brune H: Applied physics. Assembly and probing of spin chains of finite size. Science 2006; 312:1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zwiers FW, Weaver AJ: CLIMATE CHANGE: The Causes of 20th Century Warming. Science 2000; 290:2081–2083.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang K, Dickinson RE, Liang S: Clear sky visibility has decreased over land globally from 1973 to 2007. Science 2009; 323:1468–1470.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Boulton SJ, Gartner A, Reboul J, et al.: Combined functional genomic maps of the C. elegans DNA damage response. Science 2002; 295:127–131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett D, Moody S, Kindersley K: Dyslexia in the Workplace. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010,.
An edited book
Eibl R: Cell and Tissue Reaction Engineering: With a Contribution by Martin Fussenegger and Wilfried Weber. Eibl D, Pörtner R, Catapano G, Czermak P, eds: Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009,.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang H, Li Y: Jordan Triple Multiplicative Maps on the Symmetric Matrices. In Gong Z, Luo X, Chen J, Lei J, Wang FL, eds: Web Information Systems and Mining: International Conference, WISM 2011, Taiyuan, China, September 24-25, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Rhythm.

Blog post
Andrew E: Novel Method of Detecting the Earliest Black Holes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30],. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: DOD Needs to Leverage Lessons Learned from Its Outsourcing Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003 Apr. Report No.: GAO-03-371.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arntson JD: Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach, 2015,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J: For Architect, Making A Calmer Restaurant Was Very Stressful. New York Times 2017 Oct 8;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Rhythm
AbbreviationHeart Rhythm
ISSN (print)1547-5271
ISSN (online)1556-3871
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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