How to format your references using the Animal Production Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Production Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene M (2007) The demise of the lone author. Nature 450, 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng CL, Novales Flamarique I (2004) Opsin expression: new mechanism for modulating colour vision. Nature 428, 279.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuljapurkar S, Li N, Boe C (2000) A universal pattern of mortality decline in the G7 countries. Nature 405, 789–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walter KM, Zimov SA, Chanton JP, Verbyla D, Chapin FS 3rd (2006) Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming. Nature 443, 71–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger LL (2006) ‘Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Wannemacker SD, Clarebout G, Causmaecker PD (Eds) (2011) ‘Interdisciplinary Approaches to Adaptive Learning. A Look at the Neighbours: First International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research on Technology, Education and Communication, ITEC 2010, Kortrijk, Belgium, May 25-27, 2010, Revised Selected Papers.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Hachimi-Idrissi S (2015) Monitoring in the Neurocritical Care Unit. ‘Neurointensive Care: A Clinical Guide to Patient Safety’. (Eds KE Wartenberg, K Shukri, T Abdelhak) pp. 73–85. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Production Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) NASA Snaps Image Of Saturn’s Other Death Star Moon. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Review of Geomagnetic Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, 093287. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seevaratnam N (2019) Forecasting Optimality in Resource Utilization for Cloud Computing Systems to Maximize Quality of Service. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dewan S, Schwartz J (2017) Comparing Harvey With Katrina. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cheng and Novales Flamarique 2004; Greene 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Novales Flamarique 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Walter et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Production Science
AbbreviationAnim. Prod. Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0939
ISSN (online)1836-5787
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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