How to format your references using the Animal Production Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Production Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alon U (2003) Biological networks: the tinkerer as an engineer. Science (New York, NY) 301, 1866–1867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy SK, Rockman HA (2011) Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature 477, 546–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker TH, Carson CT, Weitzman MD (2002) Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature 418, 348–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ren T, He W, Li Y, Grosh K, Fridberger A (2014) Light-induced vibration in the hearing organ. Scientific reports 4, 5941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani G, Laporte G, Musmanno R (2005) ‘Introduction to Logistics Systems Planning and Control.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Papantonopoulos E (Ed) (2005) ‘The Physics of the Early Universe.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Peters JF, Ramanna S (2008) Feature Selection: Near Set Approach. ‘Mining Complex Data: ECML/PKDD 2007 Third International Workshop, MCD 2007, Warsaw, Poland, September 17-21, 2007, Revised Selected Papers’. (Eds ZW Raś, S Tsumoto, D Zighed) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 57–71. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Production Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Physicists Plan To Put A Microbe In Two Places At Once. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-09-427T. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M (2015) College preparedness program for high school students in South Los Angeles, California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Taking His Off-Season Cuts, Conforto Leaves Demotions Behind. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alon 2003; Shenoy and Rockman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shenoy and Rockman 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ren et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Production Science
AbbreviationAnim. Prod. Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0939
ISSN (online)1836-5787
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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