How to format your references using the Animal Production Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Production Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perrin MD (2015) Astrophysics: Surprisingly fast motions in a dust disk. Nature 526, 204–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo-de-Santayana M, Macía MJ (2015) Biodiversity: The benefits of traditional knowledge. Nature 518, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sreekanth KV, De Luca A, Strangi G (2013) Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings. Scientific reports 3, 3291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hadden JM, Déclais A-C, Carr SB, Lilley DMJ, Phillips SEV (2007) The structural basis of Holliday junction resolution by T7 endonuclease I. Nature 449, 621–624.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Concrete and Construction Cl (2011) ‘Beispiele zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2.’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH: D-69451 Weinheim, Germany)
An edited book
Conneely O, Otto C (Eds) (2008) ‘Progestins and the Mammary Gland: From Basic Science to Clinical Applications.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Jääskeläinen A, Katara M, Kervinen A, Heiskanen H, Maunumaa M, Pääkkönen T (2008) Model-Based Testing Service on the Web. ‘Testing of Software and Communicating Systems: 20th IFIP TC 6/WG 6.1 International Conference, TestCom 2008 8th International Workshop, FATES 2008 Tokyo, Japan, June 10-13, 2008 Proceedings’. (Eds K Suzuki, T Higashino, A Ulrich, T Hasegawa) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 38–53. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Production Science.

Blog post
Taub B (2015) Leading Theory About How Consciousness Works May Be Wrong. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-RCED-99-84. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong A (2008) Tactic-Based Learning for collective learning systems. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J (2016) Granular Perspective on a Suitable Shore. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perrin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pardo-de-Santayana and Macía 2015; Perrin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pardo-de-Santayana and Macía 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hadden et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Production Science
AbbreviationAnim. Prod. Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0939
ISSN (online)1836-5787
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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