How to format your references using the Animal Production Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Production Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker DF (2007) Climate change. Reassessing carbon sinks. Science (New York, NY) 316, 1708–1709.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peppe DJ, Royer DL (2015) ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. Can climate feel the pressure? Science (New York, NY) 348, 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi JS, Shimomura K, Kumar V (2008) Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science (New York, NY) 322, 909–912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leung K, Józsa L, Ravasz M, Néda Z (2001) Pattern formation. Spiral cracks without twisting. Nature 410, 166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norris L (2014) ‘Transplant Administration.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Pfahringer B, Renz J (Eds) (2015) ‘AI 2015: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 28th Australasian Joint Conference, Canberra, ACT, Australia, November 30 -- December 4, 2015, Proceedings.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Kim K-R, Kim D-H, Kim H-J (2013) Magnetic Resonance Wireless Power Transmission Using a LLC Resonant Circuit for a Locomotion Robot’s Battery Charging. ‘Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 6th International Conference, ICIRA 2013, Busan, South Korea, September 25-28, 2013, Proceedings, Part I’. (Eds J Lee, MC Lee, H Liu, J-H Ryu) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 31–37. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Production Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) New Model Can Measure The Mass Of Pulsars Even If They Are All Alone. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Education and Employment Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000. U.S. Government Printing Office, IAP-98-10. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins JT (2017) A Private Solution to a Public Problem: Managing Hydraulic Fracturing Risks by Enhancing Private Governance through Mandatory Insurance Requirements. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2014) An Eye for the 20th Century. New York Times WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2007; Peppe and Royer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peppe and Royer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Leung et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Production Science
AbbreviationAnim. Prod. Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0939
ISSN (online)1836-5787
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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