How to format your references using the Animal Production Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Production Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman M (2000) Applied mathematics. The power of design. Nature 405, 412–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiggins FM, Hurst GDD (2011) Microbiology. Rapid insect evolution by symbiont transfer. Science (New York, NY) 332, 185–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li H, Li WX, Ding SW (2002) Induction and suppression of RNA silencing by an animal virus. Science (New York, NY) 296, 1319–1321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liquori CL, Ricker K, Moseley ML, Jacobsen JF, Kress W, Naylor SL, Day JW, Ranum LP (2001) Myotonic dystrophy type 2 caused by a CCTG expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9. Science (New York, NY) 293, 864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nyce DS (2016) ‘Position Sensors.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Hetnarski RB (2009) ‘Thermal Stresses – Advanced Theory and Applications.’ (MR Eslami, Ed.). (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia-Molina H (2008) Flexible Recommendations in CourseRank. ‘On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2008: OTM 2008 Confederated International Conferences, CoopIS, DOA, GADA, IS, and ODBASE 2008, Monterrey, Mexico, November 9-14, 2008, Proceedings, Part I’. (Eds R Meersman, Z Tari) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 7–7. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Production Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Use Physics To Read Scrolls From Herculaneum – But Why Do We Care? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Health and Human Services’ Estimate of Health Care Cost Savings Resulting from the Use of Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-05-309R. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janowiecki S (2015) The evolutionary status of high and extremely low surface brightness dwarf galaxies. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) The Tortured Voice of Russia’s Lost Generation. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Newman 2000; Jiggins and Hurst 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiggins and Hurst 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liquori et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Production Science
AbbreviationAnim. Prod. Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0939
ISSN (online)1836-5787
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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