How to format your references using the Journal of Youth Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach, Elise. 2014. “Iran Needs to Present a United Front on Science.” Nature 508 (7497): 433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weimerskirch, H., and R. P. Wilson. 2000. “Oceanic Respite for Wandering Albatrosses.” Nature 406 (6799): 955–956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fitch, J. Patrick, Ellen Raber, and Dennis R. Imbro. 2003. “Technology Challenges in Responding to Biological or Chemical Attacks in the Civilian Sector.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5649): 1350–1354.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xie, Xiao, Yilong Zhou, Hengchang Bi, Kuibo Yin, Shu Wan, and Litao Sun. 2013. “Large-Range Control of the Microstructures and Properties of Three-Dimensional Porous Graphene.” Scientific Reports 3: 2117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy, Maureen, and Wendy Larner. 2013. Fashioning Globalisation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Aguirre, Arturo Hernández, Raúl Monroy Borja, and Carlos Alberto Reyes Garciá, eds. 2009. MICAI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 8th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Guanajuato, México, November 9-13, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5845. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yokobori, Takeo. 2006. “ICF Contribution to Fracture Research in the Second Half of the 20th Century.” In Advances in Fracture Research: Honour and Plenary Lectures Presented at the 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Held in Turin, Italy, on March 20–25, 2005, edited by Alberto Carpinteri, Yiu-Wing Mai, and Robert O. Ritchie, 37–45. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Titan’s Sunsets Give Insight To Hazy Atmospheres of Exoplanets.” IFLScience. IFLScience.’s-sunsets-give-insight-hazy-atmospheres-exoplanets/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Motor Carrier Safety: FMCSA Has Devoted a Small but Increasing Amount of Resources to Develop the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program but Is Requesting a Significant Increase for Full Implementation. GAO-11-416R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klimek, Diana Lynn. 2008. “Antigone’s Reach: A Feminine Model for Today’s Businesswoman.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2016. “Le Train Bleu Is Departing Bloomingdale’s. A Rail Buff Sees It Off.” New York Times, December 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Auerbach 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Auerbach 2014; Weimerskirch and Wilson 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weimerskirch and Wilson 2000)
  • Three authors: (Fitch, Raber, and Imbro 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xie et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth Studies
AbbreviationJ. Youth Stud.
ISSN (print)1367-6261
ISSN (online)1469-9680
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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