How to format your references using the Journal of Youth Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arneth, Almut. 2015. “Climate Science: Uncertain Future for Vegetation Cover.” Nature 524 (7563): 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salazar-Ciudad, Isaac, and Jukka Jernvall. 2010. “A Computational Model of Teeth and the Developmental Origins of Morphological Variation.” Nature 464 (7288): 583–586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan, Vijay, Sriram Ramaswamy, and Narayanan Menon. 2007. “Long-Lived Giant Number Fluctuations in a Swarming Granular Nematic.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5834): 105–108.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Drdla, Ruth, Matthias Gassner, Ewald Gingl, and Jürgen Sandkühler. 2009. “Induction of Synaptic Long-Term Potentiation after Opioid Withdrawal.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5937): 207–210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeod, Lisa Earle. 2016. Leading with Noble Purpose. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Patterson, Cam, and Monte S. Willis, eds. 2012. Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques. Molecular and Translational Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Frischkorn, Christian, Martin Wolf, Ulrich Höfer, Jens Güdde, Peter Saalfrank, Mathias Nest, Tillmann Klamroth, et al. 2007. “Ultrafast Dynamics of Photoinduced Processes at Surfaces and Interfaces.” In Analysis and Control of Ultrafast Photoinduced Reactions, edited by Oliver Kühn and Ludger Wöste, 387–484. Chemical Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Now We Can Edit Life Itself, We Need To Ask How We Should Use Such Technology.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Responses of Federal Agencies and Airports We Surveyed About Access Security Improvements. GAO-01-1069R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, Shawn M. 2015. “The Leadership Process: An Analysis of Follower Influence on Leader Behavior in Hospital Organizations.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee, Vivian, and Eli Rosenberg. 2015. “Fatal Brooklyn Apartment Fire Was Arson, Police Say.” New York Times, October 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arneth 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Arneth 2015; Salazar-Ciudad and Jernvall 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salazar-Ciudad and Jernvall 2010)
  • Three authors: (Narayan, Ramaswamy, and Menon 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Drdla et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth Studies
AbbreviationJ. Youth Stud.
ISSN (print)1367-6261
ISSN (online)1469-9680
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science
Life-span and Life-course Studies

Other styles