How to format your references using the Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flight, M. H. 2013. “Drug discovery: Structure-led design.” Nature, 502 (7471): S50-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Over, H., and A. P. Seitsonen. 2002. “Surface chemistry. Oxidation of metal surfaces.” Science, 297 (5589): 2003–2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cravatt, B. F., G. M. Simon, and J. R. Yates 3rd. 2007. “The biological impact of mass-spectrometry-based proteomics.” Nature, 450 (7172): 991–1000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Panikashvili, D., C. Simeonidou, S. Ben-Shabat, L. Hanus, A. Breuer, R. Mechoulam, and E. Shohami. 2001. “An endogenous cannabinoid (2-AG) is neuroprotective after brain injury.” Nature, 413 (6855): 527–531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann, H., and A. Steinle. 2012. Precast Concrete Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Raghavendra, A. S., and R. F. Sage (Eds.). 2011. C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Noia, T., and V. C. Ostuni. 2015. “Recommender Systems and Linked Open Data.” Reasoning Web. Web Logic Rules: 11th International Summer School 2015, Berlin, Germany, July 31- August 4, 2015, Tutorial Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, W. Faber and A. Paschke, eds., 88–113. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. “Heart Disease on a Chip.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Comments on H.R. 7689. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garbarini, L. 2017. “Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University.” Doctoral dissertation. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2003. “The Czar Didn’t Sleep Here.” New York Times, January 9, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flight 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Flight 2013; Over and Seitsonen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Over and Seitsonen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Panikashvili et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Waterway Port Coast. Ocean Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-950X
ISSN (online)1943-5460
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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