How to format your references using the Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauly, D. (2007). “Obituary: Ransom Aldrich Myers (1952-2007).” Nature, 447(7141), 160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jetz, W., and Rahbek, C. (2002). “Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1548–1551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rudolph, M. L., Lekić, V., and Lithgow-Bertelloni, C. (2015). “Viscosity jump in Earth’s mid-mantle.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6266), 1349–1352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hari, P., Raivonen, M., Vesala, T., Munger, J. W., Pilegaard, K., and Kulmala, M. (2003). “Atmospheric science: Ultraviolet light and leaf emission of NO(x).” Nature, 422(6928), 134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Windom, C. A., Sr., Gaidhani, H., and Fontana, A. (2010). Virtualizing. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Sayed-Mouchaweh, M., and Lughofer, E. (Eds.). (2012). Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Methods and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornely, R., Grewal, T., and Gaus, K. (2012). “The Actin Cytoskeleton and Membrane Organisation in T Lymphocytes.” Cytoskeleton and Human Disease, M. Kavallaris, ed., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 103–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). “How Corruption Is Hurting Mexico City’s Efforts To Tackle Air Pollution.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Charges for Launch Support Services Furnished by the Air Force to the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paustian, M. E. (2010). “Evaluating competition between the non-native slug Arion subfuscus and the native slug Philomycus carolinianus.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). “Powells Are Sticking Together.” New York Times, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pauly 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jetz and Rahbek 2002; Pauly 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jetz and Rahbek 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hari et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Waterway Port Coast. Ocean Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-950X
ISSN (online)1943-5460
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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