How to format your references using the Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Slonczewski, J. (2000). “Tuberculosis bacteria join UN.” Nature, 405(6790), 1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, M., and Karabulut, H. (2008). “The aftershock signature of supershear earthquakes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5881), 1323–1325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boots, M., Hudson, P. J., and Sasaki, A. (2004). “Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 842–844.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bulteau, A.-L., O’Neill, H. A., Kennedy, M. C., Ikeda-Saito, M., Isaya, G., and Szweda, L. I. (2004). “Frataxin acts as an iron chaperone protein to modulate mitochondrial aconitase activity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 242–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brigo, D., Morini, M., and Pallavicini, A. (2013). Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Syrotiuk, V. R., and Chávez, E. (Eds.). (2005). Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 4th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2005, Cancun, Mexico, October 6-8, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Velarde, G., and Santamaría, N. C. (2006). “KEY ASPECTS ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION MEASURES.” Countering Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, NATO Security through Science Series, S. Apikyan and D. Diamond, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Doctors Pull Live Cricket Out Of Man’s Ear.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made in Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, Training Center Use, and Information Security, But These Areas Continue to Need Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peto, J. (2009). “A defense of Donald Davidson’s dissolution to the problem of global skepticism.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. (2017). “Power Players Behind A Gooden Ceremony.” New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Slonczewski 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bouchon and Karabulut 2008; Slonczewski 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon and Karabulut 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bulteau et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Waterway Port Coast. Ocean Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-950X
ISSN (online)1943-5460
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles