How to format your references using the Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, C. A. (2006). “Geochemistry. How fast does gold trickle out of volcanoes?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5797), 263–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spitale, J. N., and Porco, C. C. (2007). “Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures.” Nature, 449(7163), 695–697.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakamaki, T., Suzuki, A., and Ohtani, E. (2006). “Stability of hydrous melt at the base of the Earth’s upper mantle.” Nature, 439(7073), 192–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farquhar, J., Savarino, J., Jackson, T. L., and Thiemens, M. H. (2000). “Evidence of atmospheric sulphur in the martian regolith from sulphur isotopes in meteorites.” Nature, 404(6773), 50–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaccari, D. A., Strom, P. F., and Alleman, J. E. (2005). Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Morava, E., Baumgartner, M., Patterson, M., Rahman, S., Zschocke, J., and Peters, V. (Eds.). (2016). JIMD Reports, Volume 29. JIMD Reports, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, W.-C., and Finehout, E. (2009). “Genetic Analysis in Miniaturized Electrophoresis Systems.” Microfluidics for Biological Applications, E. Finehout and W.-C. Tian, eds., Springer US, Boston, MA, 117–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). “NASA Set To Make Huge Announcement On Thursday Regarding Mars’ Atmosphere.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). TQM Implementation at NASA. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart, M. M. (2013). “R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). “Neighbors Say a School Is Just a Growing Bully.” New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Krug 2014; Tolstoy 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spitale and Porco 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemp et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Waterway Port Coast. Ocean Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-950X
ISSN (online)1943-5460
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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