How to format your references using the Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. (2000). “France may bid for fusion reactor.” Nature, 406(6795), 447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaffe, M., and Allam, S. (2015). “POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fashami, M. S., Atulasimha, J., and Bandyopadhyay, S. (2013). “Energy dissipation and error probability in fault-tolerant binary switching.” Scientific reports, 3, 3204.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nee, S., Colegrave, N., West, S. A., and Grafen, A. (2005). “The illusion of invariant quantities in life histories.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5738), 1236–1239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giannini, F., and Leuzzi, G. (2005). Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hu, B., Liu, J., Chen, L., and Zhong, N. (Eds.). (2011). Brain Informatics: International Conference, BI 2011, Lanzhou, China, September 7-9, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, S., and Baudendistel, D. (2013). “Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia.” Nursing Care of the Pediatric Neurosurgery Patient, C. C. Cartwright and D. C. Wallace, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 141–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). “World First Photograph Shows Bird Flying With Egg Bump.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Funding for Entitlement Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atwill, R. L. (2015). “Evaluation of water and nitrogen management practices in southern US rice (Oryza sativa L.) production.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017). “Inside the American Air War Over Syria: A High Altitude ‘Poker Game.’” New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jaffe and Allam 2015; McCabe 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaffe and Allam 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nee et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Waterway Port Coast. Ocean Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-950X
ISSN (online)1943-5460
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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