How to format your references using the Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung CR (2009) Circadian rhythms. Linking the loops. Science 323:1440–1441
A journal article with 2 authors
Rahman MA, Halfar J (2014) First evidence of chitin in calcified coralline algae: new insights into the calcification process of Clathromorphum compactum. Sci Rep 4:6162
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi Y, Yoshizaki G, Takeuchi T (2004) Biotechnology: surrogate broodstock produces salmonids. Nature 430:629–630
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu F, Sun F, Xia JH, et al (2014) A genome scan revealed significant associations of growth traits with a major QTL and GHR2 in tilapia. Sci Rep 4:7256

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Means RS (2010) Green Building: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wadkar S (2014) Pro Apache Hadoop, Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Lacy MQ, Leung N (2010) Supportive Care for Amyloidosis. In: Gertz MA, Rajkumar SV (eds) Amyloidosis: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 65–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) These Four Astronauts Will Fly New Private Spacecraft For NASA In 2017. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Aviation Safety: Changes Needed in FAA’s Service Difficulty Reporting Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson M (2012) A Bibliometric Analysis of Green Building Literature. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Graham R (2017) ‘A Second Chance at Choice.’ New York Times MM46

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman-centric Computing and Information Sciences
ISSN (online)2192-1962

Other styles