How to format your references using the Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segal HP (2001) Back to the future from 1888. Nature 409:563
A journal article with 2 authors
van Putten MHPM, Levinson A (2002) Detecting energy emissions from a rotating black hole. Science 295:1874–1877
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins PG, Arnold MS, Avouris P (2001) Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown. Science 292:706–709
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shin Y-H, Grinberg I, Chen I-W, Rappe AM (2007) Nucleation and growth mechanism of ferroelectric domain-wall motion. Nature 449:881–884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Gumster J, Shimonski R (2010) GIMP Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Lieberman H, Paternò F, Wulf V (2006) End User Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Carr CT (2016) An Uncertainty Reduction Approach to Applicant Information-Seeking in Social Media: Effects on Attributions and Hiring. In: Landers RN, Schmidt GB (eds) Social Media in Employee Selection and Recruitment: Theory, Practice, and Current Challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Lies Behind The Hype And The Hope Of Stem Cell Research And Therapy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor: Information on the Status and Cost of Needed Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro JM (2017) School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2010) Self-Serve Sundaes. New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman-centric Computing and Information Sciences
ISSN (online)2192-1962

Other styles