How to format your references using the Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Young L (2015) Photonics: A stable narrow-band X-ray laser. Nature 524:424–425
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sloan PA, Palmer RE (2005) Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature 434:367–371
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Haig J, Nott J, Reichart G-J (2014) Australian tropical cyclone activity lower than at any time over the past 550-1,500 years. Nature 505:667–671
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kenet T, Bibitchkov D, Tsodyks M, et al (2003) Spontaneously emerging cortical representations of visual attributes. Nature 425:954–956

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chen K-H (2016) Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
1.
Hall BL, Clover DE, Crowther J, Scandrett E (2012) Learnning and Educationfor a Bettter World: The Role of Social Movements. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chambrone L, de la Rosa-Garza M, Frias EGV, et al (2015) Esthetical Clinical Crown Lengthening, Lip Repositioning, and Gingival Depigmentation. In: Chambrone L (ed) Evidence-Based Periodontal and Peri-Implant Plastic Surgery: A Clinical Roadmap from Function to Aesthetics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 175–217

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Growth Spurt of Newborn Star Spotted. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/growth-spurt-newborn-star-spotted/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) [Comments on Federal Employee’s Entitlement to Relocation Expenses Pursuant to Proposed Transfer to FAA]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alvarez C (2015) Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J (2017) Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman-centric Computing and Information Sciences
ISSN (online)2192-1962
Scope

Other styles