How to format your references using the Journal of Vocational Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vocational Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keimer, B. (2001). Physics. Quasi-particles survive--for now. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5521), 1498–1499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ren, W., & Cheng, H.-M. (2013). Materials science: when two is better than one. Nature, 497(7450), 448–449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hastings, I. M., Bray, P. G., & Ward, S. A. (2002). Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 74–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Biscaye, P. E., Grousset, F. E., Svensson, A. M., Bory, A., & Barrie, L. A. (2000). Eurasian air pollution reaches eastern north america. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2258–2259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle, J. F. (2005). Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Karge, H. G., & Weitkamp, J. (Eds.). (2008). Adsorption and Diffusion (Vol. 7). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Salomaa, R. (2014). Coaching of Key Talents in Multinational Companies. In A. Al Ariss (Ed.), Global Talent Management: Challenges, Strategies, and Opportunities (pp. 43–63). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vocational Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 9). Microbes Turn Pee Into Electricity. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Federal Transit Administration: Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating the Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (GAO-09-496). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W. (2012). Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017, February 23). Muslim Lives in the City. New York Times, MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keimer, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Keimer, 2001; Ren & Cheng, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ren & Cheng, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hastings et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Biscaye et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vocational Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vocat. Behav.
ISSN (print)0001-8791
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

Other styles