How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hunt G. Paleontology. Variation and early evolution. Science 2007;317:459–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mascie-Taylor CGN, Karim E. The burden of chronic disease. Science 2003;302:1921–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Turner GC, Du F, Varshavsky A. Peptides accelerate their uptake by activating a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway. Nature 2000;405:579–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xu W, Ding G, Yokawa K, Baluška F, Li Q-F, Liu Y, et al. An improved agar-plate method for studying root growth and response of Arabidopsis thaliana. Sci Rep 2013;3:1273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Graham L. Internal Control Audit and Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Biswas AK, Braga B, Tortajada C, Rodriguez DJ, editors. Water Quality Management in the Americas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gulliver JS. Chemicals in the Environment, Turbulent Transport. In: Gulliver JS, editor. Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 89–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Cardiology.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Watch A Python Swallow A Whole Deer. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-huge-python-swallow-whole-deer/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bradley KA. A Tennessee Irish Picnic: Foodways and Complex Community Dynamics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B, Baker AL. Steep Drop in Gang Violence Pushed City Shootings Below 1,000 in 2016. New York Times 2017:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1760-2734
ScopePhysiology
General Veterinary

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