How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta N. Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials. Science 2007;317:1698–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietl GP, Vermeij GJ. Comment on “Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates.” Science 2006;314:925; author reply 925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng L, Menczer F, Ahn Y-Y. Virality prediction and community structure in social networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:2522.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsatourian V, Sergeyev SV, Mou C, Rozhin A, Mikhailov V, Rabin B, et al. Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser. Sci Rep 2013;3:3154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yukihara EG, McKeever SWS. Optically Stimulated Luminescence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Khaitan SK, McCalley JD, Liu CC, editors. Cyber Physical Systems Approach to Smart Electric Power Grid. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Scutari G, Palomar DP, Facchinei F, Pang J-S. Monotone Games for Cognitive Radio Systems. In: Johansson R, Rantzer A, editors. Distributed Decision Making and Control, London: Springer; 2012, p. 83–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Cardiology.

Blog post
Fang J. Twin Study Shows How Environment Shapes Immune System More Than Genes. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Progress in Providing Special Education Services to Indian Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldanaf RG. Angry Cherub. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Astros Run Wild Against Syndergaard and d’Arnaud. New York Times 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1760-2734
General Veterinary

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