How to format your references using the Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) National Academies launch grants for interdisciplinary work. Nature 422:791
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto Y, Maller JL (2002) Calcium, calmodulin, and CaMKII requirement for initiation of centrosome duplication in Xenopus egg extracts. Science 295:499–502
A journal article with 3 authors
Mueller K, Hough SE, Bilham R (2004) Analysing the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes with recent instrumentally recorded aftershocks. Nature 429:284–288
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gaensler BM, Haverkorn M, Staveley-Smith L, et al (2005) The magnetic field of the Large Magellanic Cloud revealed through Faraday rotation. Science 307:1610–1612

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arifin SMN, Madey GR, Collins FH (2016) Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Harrison-Woolrych M (2015) Medicines For Women. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Potiron K, El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Taillibert P (2013) Refinement of the Fault Classification for MAS. In: El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Taillibert P (eds) From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems. Springer, London, pp 21–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Cassini Captures Gorgeous Shots Of Two Moons Peeking Through Saturn’s Rings. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Proposed Revisions to Procurement Regulations Covering ADP Equipment and Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deutsch D (2010) Increased mental health services for the homeless. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2006) Hermitage Is Reeling From Loss Of Artworks. New York Times E1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Solid and Structural Mechanics
AbbreviationAnn. Solid Struct. Mech.
ISSN (print)1867-6936
ISSN (online)1867-6944
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles