How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Willig MR. Ecology. Biodiversity and productivity. Science 2011;333:1709–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Blackstock JJ, Long JCS. Climate change. The politics of geoengineering. Science 2010;327:527.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Leman L, Orgel L, Ghadiri MR. Carbonyl sulfide-mediated prebiotic formation of peptides. Science 2004;306:283–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Jha N, Ramesh P, Bekyarova E, Tian X, Wang F, Itkis ME, et al. Functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube-based fuel cell benchmarked against US DOE 2017 technical targets. Sci Rep 2013;3:2257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Decreusefond L, Moyal P. Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Levia DF, Carlyle-Moses D, Tanaka T, editors. Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. vol. 216. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Squicciarini A, Bhargav-Spantzel A, Czeskis A, Bertino E. Traceable and Automatic Compliance of Privacy Policies in Federated Digital Identity Management. In: Danezis G, Golle P, editors. Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 6th International Workshop, PET 2006, Cambridge, UK, June 28-30, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 78–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Full “Rebirth” Of A Star Observed For The First Time. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/full-rebirth-of-a-star-observed-for-the-first-time/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Small Computers in the Federal Government: Management Is Needed To Realize Potential and Prevent Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fadamin A. Synthesis, Characterization and Electrochemistry of the Ruthenium Schiff Base Complex [(Saloph)Ru(NO)Cl]. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Steven Lee Myers;, Joyce H. Man contributed reporting for this article. Emphasizing Creativity, Not Collectivity. New York Times 2005:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg. Cases Innov. Tech.
ISSN (print)2468-4287
Scope

Other styles