How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jacobson MZ. Comment on “Radiative absorption enhancements due to the mixing state of atmospheric black carbon.” Science 2013;339:393.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Maniatis T, Tasic B. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing and proteome expansion in metazoans. Nature 2002;418:236–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhao M, Dong W, Wang A. Two-dimensional carbon topological insulators superior to graphene. Sci Rep 2013;3:3532.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nieuwenhuis J, Adamopoulos A, Bleijerveld OB, Mazouzi A, Stickel E, Celie P, et al. Vasohibins encode tubulin detyrosinating activity. Science 2017;358:1453–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Corten R. Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Figueiredo DG de. Djairo G. de Figueiredo - Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Song I, Diederich J. Speech Analysis for Mental Health Assessment Using Support Vector Machines. In: Lech M, Song I, Yellowlees P, Diederich J, editors. Mental Health Informatics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 79–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Cuba Becomes First Ever Country To Eliminate Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Systems: Agencies Overlook Security Controls During Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shelby KR. Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. One Book, One City. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg. Cases Innov. Tech.
ISSN (print)2468-4287
Scope

Other styles