How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Körding K. Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 2007;318:606–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sutton RT, Hodson DLR. Atlantic Ocean forcing of North American and European summer climate. Science 2005;309:115–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Liljeroth P, Repp J, Meyer G. Current-induced hydrogen tautomerization and conductance switching of naphthalocyanine molecules. Science 2007;317:1203–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Paggi M, Berardone I, Infuso A, Corrado M. Fatigue degradation and electric recovery in Silicon solar cells embedded in photovoltaic modules. Sci Rep 2014;4:4506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Püschl W. Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Chen L. Global Tea Breeding: Achievements, Challenges and Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang J, Bai R. Research of FMCW for Perfect Binary Sequences Pairs. In: Jin D, Lin S, editors. Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 3, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 21–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. The Speed Of Gravity Might Help Us Confirm Dark Energy. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Project Management Oversight Benefits and Future Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Patel VM. Sparse and redundant representations for inverse problems and recognition. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times 2015:C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg. Cases Innov. Tech.
ISSN (print)2468-4287
Scope

Other styles