How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, E. 2000. “Volcanic Action at Axial Seamount.” Nature 403 (6768): 379–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, Steven E., and Wayne S. Fenton. 2003. “Medicine. What Are the Right Targets for Psychopharmacology?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5605): 350–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fisher, R. J., J. Pevsner, and R. D. Burgoyne. 2001. “Control of Fusion Pore Dynamics during Exocytosis by Munc18.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5505): 875–878.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Santagata, S., T. J. Boggon, C. L. Baird, C. A. Gomez, J. Zhao, W. S. Shan, D. G. Myszka, and L. Shapiro. 2001. “G-Protein Signaling through Tubby Proteins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5524): 2041–2050.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dvorak, Rudolf, and Christoph Lhotka. 2013. Celestial Dynamics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dubinsky, Zvy, and Noga Stambler, eds. 2011. Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dao, Thanh H. 2011. “Extracellular Enzymes in Sensing Environmental Nutrients and Ecosystem Changes: Ligand Mediation in Organic Phosphorus Cycling.” In Soil Enzymology, edited by Girish Shukla and Ajit Varma, 75–102. Soil Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Brains?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Space Data: Information on Data Storage Technologies. IMTEC-90-88FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner, Ryan. 2009. “Analyzing Inpatient Hospital Costs by Payer: What Do They Mean for the Future of Health Care in America?” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “So Much for the Arms That Carry the Mets.” New York Times, May 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2000; Hyman and Fenton 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman and Fenton 2003)
  • Three authors: (Fisher, Pevsner, and Burgoyne 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Santagata et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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