How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jorgensen, Richard A. 2011. “Plant Science. A Window on the Sophistication of Plants.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6046): 1103–1104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Debenedetti, Pablo G., and Sapna Sarupria. 2009. “Chemistry. Hydrate Molecular Ballet.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5956): 1070–1071.
A journal article with 3 authors
Araki, Hitoshi, Becky Cooper, and Michael S. Blouin. 2007. “Genetic Effects of Captive Breeding Cause a Rapid, Cumulative Fitness Decline in the Wild.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5847): 100–103.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Faming, Jian Li, Xiaoli Wang, Wei Zhang, Bi Zou, Deborah A. Neher, and Zhian Li. 2014. “Nitrogen and Phosphorus Addition Impact Soil N₂O Emission in a Secondary Tropical Forest of South China.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blevins, Robert D. 2015. Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Xu, Jiuping. 2011. Fuzzy-Like Multiple Objective Decision Making. Edited by Xiaoyang Zhou. Vol. 263. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomson, Robert R., Nicholas D. Psaila, Henry T. Bookey, Derryck T. Reid, and Ajoy K. Kar. 2012. “Controlling the Cross-Section of Ultrafast Laser Inscribed Optical Waveguides.” In Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials, edited by Roberto Osellame, Giulio Cerullo, and Roberta Ramponi, 93–125. Topics in Applied Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Experts Call For Apollo-Like Commitment To Tackle Climate Change.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Aviation Safety: NASA’s National Aviation Operations Monitoring Service Project Was Designed Appropriately, but Sampling and Other Issues Complicate Data Analysis. GAO-09-112. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lama, Norsang. 2017. “Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification Using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. 2016. “New Rock Stars of Chess Riff, With a Whiff of Cold War Intrigue.” New York Times, November 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jorgensen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jorgensen 2011; Debenedetti and Sarupria 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Debenedetti and Sarupria 2009)
  • Three authors: (Araki, Cooper, and Blouin 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles