How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engelman, Donald M. 2005. “Membranes Are More Mosaic than Fluid.” Nature 438 (7068): 578–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kimmins, Sarah, and Paolo Sassone-Corsi. 2005. “Chromatin Remodelling and Epigenetic Features of Germ Cells.” Nature 434 (7033): 583–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon, Sang-Min, Navdeep S. Chandel, and Nissim Hay. 2012. “AMPK Regulates NADPH Homeostasis to Promote Tumour Cell Survival during Energy Stress.” Nature 485 (7400): 661–665.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Colaprete, Anthony, Jeffrey R. Barnes, Robert M. Haberle, Jeffery L. Hollingsworth, Hugh H. Kieffer, and Timothy N. Titus. 2005. “Albedo of the South Pole on Mars Determined by Topographic Forcing of Atmosphere Dynamics.” Nature 435 (7039): 184–188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, Winfried. 2013. Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Maragos, Petros, Alexandros Potamianos, and Patrick Gros, eds. 2008. Multimodal Processing and Interaction: Audio, Video, Text. Vol. 33. Multimedia Systems and Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaltenegger, Lisa. 2013. “Planetary Atmospheres and Chemical Markers for Extraterrestrial Life.” In Astrochemistry and Astrobiology, edited by Ian W. M. Smith, Charles S. Cockell, and Sydney Leach, 145–167. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Bluebirds Shout Their Songs When It Gets Noisy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The Impact Aid Program. 102448. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lotrecchiano, Gaetano Romano. 2012. “Social Mechanisms of Team Science: A Descriptive Case Study Using a Multilevel Systems Perspective Employing Reciprocating Structuration Theory.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “A Friend’s Mistake, An Understudy’s Chance.” New York Times, December 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engelman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Engelman 2005; Kimmins and Sassone-Corsi 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kimmins and Sassone-Corsi 2005)
  • Three authors: (Jeon, Chandel, and Hay 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Colaprete et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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