How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham, Roger. 2005. “A Flying Start, Then a Slow Slip.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5725): 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raser, Jonathan M., and Erin K. O’Shea. 2004. “Control of Stochasticity in Eukaryotic Gene Expression.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5678): 1811–1814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadqi, Mourad, David Fushman, and Victor Muñoz. 2006. “Atom-by-Atom Analysis of Global Downhill Protein Folding.” Nature 442 (7100): 317–321.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
High, Alex A., Ekaterina E. Novitskaya, Leonid V. Butov, Micah Hanson, and Arthur C. Gossard. 2008. “Control of Exciton Fluxes in an Excitonic Integrated Circuit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5886): 229–231.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, David, and Michael Norris. 2004. Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Holzhacker, Ronald L., Rafael Wittek, and Johan Woltjer, eds. 2016. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 2. Development and Governance. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, Jordan. 2013. “Emotional Sensations and the Moral Imagination in Malebranche.” In The Discourse of Sensibility: The Knowing Body in the Enlightenment, edited by Henry Martyn Lloyd, 63–83. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Genome Editing Poses Ethical Problems That We Cannot Ignore.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. St. Louis Postal Data Center’s Administration of Accounts Payable. 092751. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, Michael Y. 2015. “My Concierge MD, Inc. a Business Plan.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman, Maggie, and Mark Landler. 2017. “In Paris, Trump Stands by His Son and Praises Macron.” New York Times, July 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilham 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham 2005; Raser and O’Shea 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raser and O’Shea 2004)
  • Three authors: (Sadqi, Fushman, and Muñoz 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (High et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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