How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, Edward J. 2011. “Antarctica: Turning the World Upside Down.” Nature 480 (7375): 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rao, Meenakshi, and Shanthini Sockanathan. 2005. “Transmembrane Protein GDE2 Induces Motor Neuron Differentiation in Vivo.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5744): 2212–2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemieux, C., C. Otis, and M. Turmel. 2000. “Ancestral Chloroplast Genome in Mesostigma Viride Reveals an Early Branch of Green Plant Evolution.” Nature 403 (6770): 649–652.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yapici, Nilay, Young-Joon Kim, Carlos Ribeiro, and Barry J. Dickson. 2008. “A Receptor That Mediates the Post-Mating Switch in Drosophila Reproductive Behaviour.” Nature 451 (7174): 33–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, Stuart A. 2009. Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mathew, Sanjay J., and Carlos A. Zarate Jr., eds. 2016. Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Depression: The First Decade of Progress. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath, Nesrine, Bruno Monsuez, and Kamel Barkaoui. 2014. “A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata.” In Integration of Reusable Systems, edited by Thouraya Bouabana-Tebibel and Stuart H. Rubin, 77–104. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Did Life Begin in the Holes of Hot Rocks on the Sea Floor?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency. GAO-06-807. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, Stacey M. 2008. “Content Assessment in Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning: Meaning Error Diagnosis for English as a Second Language.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2017. “Youth Retreats as Women’s Draw Highlights an Age of Thirtysomethings.” New York Times, June 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2011; Rao and Sockanathan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rao and Sockanathan 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lemieux, Otis, and Turmel 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yapici et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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