How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourne, J. 2000. “ECOLOGY: Louisiana’s Vanishing Wetlands: Going, Going .” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5486): 1860–1863.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warneken, Felix, and Michael Tomasello. 2006. “Altruistic Helping in Human Infants and Young Chimpanzees.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5765): 1301–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortes, A. Dominic, Emmanuelle Suard, and Kevin S. Knight. 2011. “Negative Linear Compressibility and Massive Anisotropic Thermal Expansion in Methanol Monohydrate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6018): 742–746.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao, Liuyan, Rui He, Kwang Taeg Rim, Theanne Schiros, Keun Soo Kim, Hui Zhou, Christopher Gutiérrez, et al. 2011. “Visualizing Individual Nitrogen Dopants in Monolayer Graphene.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6045): 999–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarbock, Gerhard, Siobhan Lynch, Axel Ammann, and Silka Ringer. 2014. Mindfulness for Therapists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Liu, Wenyin, Qing Li, and Rynson W.H. Lau, eds. 2006. Advances in Web Based Learning – ICWL 2006: 5th International Conference, Penang, Malaysia, July 19-21, 2006. Revised Papers. Vol. 4181. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Feng, Yang, Senlin Luo, and Limin Pan. 2006. “An Extensive Method to Detect the Image Digital Watermarking Based on the Known Template.” In Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2006: 7th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Hangzhou, China, November 2-4, 2006. Proceedings, edited by Yueting Zhuang, Shi-Qiang Yang, Yong Rui, and Qinming He, 31–40. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Design.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Baby Raccoon Climbs Tree With A Lot Of Help From Its Mom.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Telecommunications: Concerns About Competition in the Cellular Telephone Service Industry. RCED-92-220. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, Carol Ivy. 2017. “A Logistic Regression Analysis of Multiple Independent Variables Impacting Psychiatric Readmissions.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2012. “New Treasury Rules Ease 401(k) Annuity Purchase.” New York Times, February 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourne 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bourne 2000; Warneken and Tomasello 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warneken and Tomasello 2006)
  • Three authors: (Fortes, Suard, and Knight 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Design
AbbreviationJ. Urban Des.
ISSN (print)1357-4809
ISSN (online)1469-9664
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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