How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, J.M. (2012) Centenary: The birth of X-ray crystallography. Nature 491(7423), 186–187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Both, C. & Visser, M.E. (2001) Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird. Nature 411(6835), 296–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harding, E.J., Paul, E.S. & Mendl, M. (2004) Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state. Nature 427(6972), 312.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fornadi, K., Ronai, K.Z., Turanyi, C.Z., Malavade, T.S., Shapiro, C.M., Novak, M., Mucsi, I. & Molnar, M.Z. (2014) Sleep apnea is not associated with worse outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. Sci. Rep. 4, 6987.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., Brinzei, N. & Mazouni, M.-H. (2016) Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Roth-Berghofer, T.R., Schulz, S. & Leake, D.B. (eds.) (2006) Modeling and Retrieval of Context: Second International Workshop, MRC 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 31–August 1, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Agrawal, S. & Sureka, A. (2013) Copyright Infringement Detection of Music Videos on YouTube by Mining Video and Uploader Meta-data. In: Big Data Analytics: Second International Conference, BDA 2013, Mysore, India, December 16-18, 2013, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science (ed. by V. Bhatnagar & S. Srinivasa), 48–67. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Fire Tornadoes: One More Way Earth Is Trying To Kill You. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) College Savings: Information on State Tuition Prepayment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Albers, C. (2015) One Academic Year Study of Experiences of One Cohort of Graduates from a Midwestern University’s Teacher Education Program. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby, S. (2013) Keep the Gates of Paradise Open.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Both & Visser, 2001; Thomas, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Both & Visser, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fornadi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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