How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X. (2001) Vatican approves use of animal transplants “to benefit humans.” Nature 413(6855), 445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ketov, S.V. & Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V. (2013) Localized shear deformation and softening of bulk metallic glass: stress or temperature driven? Sci. Rep. 3, 2798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antonioni, A., Sanchez, A. & Tomassini, M. (2014) Global information and mobility support coordination among humans. Sci. Rep. 4, 6458.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corces, M.R., Granja, J.M., Shams, S., Louie, B.H., Seoane, J.A., Zhou, W., Silva, T.C., Groeneveld, C., Wong, C.K., Cho, S.W., Satpathy, A.T., Mumbach, M.R., Hoadley, K.A., Robertson, A.G., Sheffield, N.C., Felau, I., Castro, M.A.A., Berman, B.P., Staudt, L.M., Zenklusen, J.C., Laird, P.W., Curtis, C., Cancer Genome Atlas Analysis Network, Greenleaf, W.J. & Chang, H.Y. (2018) The chromatin accessibility landscape of primary human cancers. Science 362(6413).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tattar, P.N., Ramaiah, S. & Manjunath, B.G. (2016) A Course in Statistics With R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schewe, K.-D. & Thalheim, B. (eds.) (2011) Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases: 4th International Workshops, SDKB 2010, Bordeaux, France, July 5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dodd, M., Mathias, J. & Nolan, S.J. (2016) Teaching Mathematics to Adults: Integrating New and Old Knowledge. In: Widening Participation, Higher Education and Non-Traditional Students: Supporting Transitions through Foundation Programmes (ed. by C. A. Marshall, S. J. Nolan, & D. P. Newton), 57–72. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) What Does A Comet Smell Like? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Higher Education: Restructuring Student Aid Could Reduce Low-Income Student Dropout Rate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, D.E. (2009) Understanding and responding to culturally based spiritual phenomena among Latino clinicians. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017) Beefier Syndergaard Envisions a Fastball With Even More Heft.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bosch, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bosch, 2001; Ketov & Louzguine-Luzgin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ketov & Louzguine-Luzgin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Corces et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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