How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000) UK labs impeded by old equipment. Nature 405(6786), 496.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou, J.C. & Johnson, N.L. (2006) Planetary science. Risks in space from orbiting debris. Science 311(5759), 340–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, B., Pál, C. & Hurst, L.D. (2004) Metabolic network analysis of the causes and evolution of enzyme dispensability in yeast. Nature 429(6992), 661–664.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, Q., Zhang, Q., Shi, Y., Shi, Q., Jiang, Y., Gu, Y., Li, Z., Li, X., Zhao, K., Wang, C., Li, N. & Cao, X. (2018) Tet2 promotes pathogen infection-induced myelopoiesis through mRNA oxidation. Nature 554(7690), 123–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnston, D. (2011) A Brief History of Justice. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Trautschold, M. (2010) BlackBerry Curve Made Simple: For the BlackBerry Curve 8520, 8530 and 8500 Series. (ed. by G. Mazo, S. Anglin, J. Markham, C. Andres, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Lowman, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, D. Pundick, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, L. Becker, M. A. Fugate, C. Marcheso, P. Meador, R. Moore, & K. Stence). Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Meyer, F. (2013) Flooding Edge Weighted Graphs. In: Graph-Based Representations in Pattern Recognition: 9th IAPR-TC-15 International Workshop, GbRPR 2013, Vienna, Austria, May 15-17, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science (ed. by W. G. Kropatsch, N. M. Artner, Y. Haxhimusa, & X. Jiang), 31–40. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Rosetta Prepares to Rendezvous With Comet. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brugna, R.A. (2008) Augmenting the clinical clerkship curriculum of a physician assistant training program with distance education technology: Educational outcomes and student perceptions. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Searcey, D. & Casey, N. (2016) As Exxon Head, Tillerson Put Company’s Needs Over U.S. Interests.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder, 2000; Liou & Johnson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liou & Johnson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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