How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turekian, K.K. (2003) Obituary: Harmon Craig (1926-2003). Nature 423(6941), 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stengel, M. & Spaldin, N.A. (2006) Origin of the dielectric dead layer in nanoscale capacitors. Nature 443(7112), 679–682.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wardle, D.A., Walker, L.R. & Bardgett, R.D. (2004) Ecosystem properties and forest decline in contrasting long-term chronosequences. Science 305(5683), 509–513.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boutros, M., Kiger, A.A., Armknecht, S., Kerr, K., Hild, M., Koch, B., Haas, S.A., Paro, R., Perrimon, N. & Heidelberg Fly Array Consortium (2004) Genome-wide RNAi analysis of growth and viability in Drosophila cells. Science 303(5659), 832–835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troffaes, M.C.M. & Cooman, G. de (2014) Lower Previsions: Troffaes/Lower Previsions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Duan, H. (2014) Bio-inspired Computation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. (ed. by P. Li). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Richardson, S. & Gilmour, N. (2016) Table. In: Intelligence and Security Oversight: An Annotated Bibliography and Comparative Analysis (ed. by N. Gilmour), 13–19. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Are Infectious Diseases Spreading Through Bat Caves And Bat Meat In West Africa? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) FAA Budget: Issues Related to the Fiscal Year 1996 Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas, W.A. (2017) Dynamics of Food Consumption in a Q’eqchi’ Maya Community. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, N. (2014) Medicaid Shift Fuels Rush for Profitable Clients.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turekian, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Turekian, 2003; Stengel & Spaldin, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stengel & Spaldin, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Boutros et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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