How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk, S. (2002) Teaching science graduates to think business. Nature 417(6890), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCormick, C. & Ganem, D. (2005) The kaposin B protein of KSHV activates the p38/MK2 pathway and stabilizes cytokine mRNAs. Science 307(5710), 739–741.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin, S.C.R., Sta Maria, M.R.V. & Michaels, T.I. (2002) Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature 419(6908), 697–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Azzalin, C.M., Reichenbach, P., Khoriauli, L., Giulotto, E. & Lingner, J. (2007) Telomeric repeat containing RNA and RNA surveillance factors at mammalian chromosome ends. Science 318(5851), 798–801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P. (2013) Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dai, Z. (ed.) (2016) Advances in Nanotheranostics I: Design and Fabrication of Theranosic Nanoparticles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, L., Chen, Q. & Zhang, Y. (2014) Developing EFL Learners’ Generic Competence in Professional Translation: A Genre-Based Approach. In: Developing Chinese EFL Learners’ Generic Competence: A Genre-based & Process Genre Approach (ed. by Q. Chen & Y. Zhang), 51–101. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015) Blue Whale Interrupts Presenter’s Complaint About How Hard It Is To Find Blue Whales. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Disadvantaged Students: Fiscal Oversight of Title I Could Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burugupalli, R.T. (2017) 2x1 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Parallel Cancellation Scheme with Viterbi Decoding. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010) Cozying Up To a Classic.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunk, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bunk, 2002; McCormick & Ganem, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCormick & Ganem, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Azzalin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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