How to format your references using the Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R., Jr (2007) Who has the ear of the president? Nature 450(7168), 347–348.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosaka, Y. & Xie, S.-P. (2013) Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling. Nature 501(7467), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, C.C., Hu, Y. & Ribbe, M.W. (2010) Vanadium nitrogenase reduces CO. Science 329(5992), 642.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tran, T.S., Rubio, M.E., Clem, R.L., Johnson, D., Case, L., Tessier-Lavigne, M., Huganir, R.L., Ginty, D.D. & Kolodkin, A.L. (2009) Secreted semaphorins control spine distribution and morphogenesis in the postnatal CNS. Nature 462(7276), 1065–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. (2011) Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Picardo, M. & Taïeb, A. (eds.) (2010) Vitiligo. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kang, J.X. & Weylandt, K.H. (2008) Modulation of Inflammatory Cytokines by Omega-3 Fatty Acids. In: Lipids in Health and Disease Subcellular Biochemistry (ed. by P. J. Quinn & X. Wang), 133–143. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016) Pinching Figs Could Help Explain The Origin Of Our Fine Motor Skills. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Embedded Computer Systems: C-17 Software Development Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullican, C.D. (2012) Multiple Intelligences in the Text: Examining the Presence of Multiple Intelligences Tasks in the Annotated Teacher’s Editions of Four High School United States History Textbooks. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017) Bill Murray’s Latest Surprise Career Turn.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pielke, 2007; Kosaka & Xie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosaka & Xie, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tran et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Urban Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1982-3932
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Urban Studies

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