How to format your references using the Journal of Trust Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Trust Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rapoport TA (2007) Protein translocation across the eukaryotic endoplasmic reticulum and bacterial plasma membranes. Nature 450:663–669
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Drakesmith H, Prentice AM (2012) Hepcidin and the iron-infection axis. Science 338:768–772
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McKinney JC, Tchekhovskoy A, Blandford RD (2013) Alignment of magnetized accretion disks and relativistic jets with spinning black holes. Science 339:49–52
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Omi T, Ogata Y, Hirata Y, Aihara K (2013) Forecasting large aftershocks within one day after the main shock. Sci Rep 3:2218

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barbaroux P, Attour A, Schenk E (2016) Knowledge Management and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Dean RL, Bilsky EJ, Negus SS (2009) Opiate Receptors and Antagonists: From Bench to Clinic. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baget JF, Benferhat S, Bouraoui Z, et al (2016) Inconsistency-Tolerant Query Answering: Rationality Properties and Computational Complexity Analysis. In: Michael L, Kakas A (eds) Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 15th European Conference, JELIA 2016, Larnaca, Cyprus, November 9-11, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 64–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Trust Management.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Venezuela’s First Carnivorous Dinosaur. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Reduced Competition at Concentrated Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Picchini AM (2010) Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2002) A Little Deli Goes the Way Of So Many In the City. New York Times 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Trust Management
AbbreviationJ. Trust Manag.
ISSN (online)2196-064X
Scope

Other styles