How to format your references using the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolinetz, C. D. (2012). Implementing the new U.S. dual-use policy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1525–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoun, R., & Perlmutter, S. (2015). Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth. Nature, 526(7572), 187–189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angell, S. Y., Danel, I., & DeCock, K. M. (2012). Global health. Global indicators and targets for noncommunicable diseases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6101), 1456–1457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, L., Wu, T., Guo, Y., Zhao, Y., Sun, X., Wen, Y., Yu, G., & Liu, Y. (2013). Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories. Scientific Reports, 3, 1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery, G. E., & Schuch, H. C. (2007). GIS Data Conversion Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Antona, M., & Stephanidis, C. (Eds.). (2015). Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to Today’s Technologies: 9th International Conference, UAHCI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 9175). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Meltzer, R. S. (2005). Line Broadening Mechanisms and Their Measurement. In R. Hull, J. Parisi, R. M. Osgood, H. Warlimont, G. Liu, & B. Jacquier (Eds.), Spectroscopic Properties of Rare Earths in Optical Materials (pp. 191–265). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Threat Assessment and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 18). This Is How SpaceX Plans To Land On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Public Transportation: Use of Contractors is Generally Enhancing Transit Project Oversight, and FTA is Taking Actions to Address Some Stakeholder Concerns (GAO-10-909). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsari, F. (2015). Training needs analysis for women in educational leadership in Saudi Arabia [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Neuman, P. W. (2015, April 20). El desminado y la paz avanzan lentamente en Colombia. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolinetz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (MacCoun & Perlmutter, 2015; Wolinetz, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacCoun & Perlmutter, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Angell et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Threat Assessment and Management
AbbreviationJ. Threat Assess. Manag.
ISSN (print)2169-4842
ISSN (online)2169-4850

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