How to format your references using the Journal of the Operations Research Society of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Operations Research Society of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, D.: Geomorphology. On patterned ground. Science. 299, 354–355 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., Duncan, J.H.: The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature. 421, 520–523 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Xia, K., Vanner, M.R., Twamley, J.: An opto-magneto-mechanical quantum interface between distant superconducting qubits. Sci. Rep. 4, 5571 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Steele, G.A., Hüttel, A.K., Witkamp, B., Poot, M., Meerwaldt, H.B., Kouwenhoven, L.P., van der Zant, H.S.J.: Strong coupling between single-electron tunneling and nanomechanical motion. Science. 325, 1103–1107 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T.: Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Saari, V.: Continuous-Time Low-Pass Filters for Integrated Wideband Radio Receivers. Springer US, Boston, MA (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Sen, S., Zhou, Z., Huang, K.: Stochastic Decomposition and Extensions. In: Infanger, G. (ed.) Stochastic Programming: The State of the Art In Honor of George B. Dantzig. pp. 57–66. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Operations Research Society of China.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manners, A.T.: Influence of transformational, autocratic, democratic, and laissez -faire leadership principles on the effectiveness of religious leaders, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin, J.P.: 59 Missiles Don’t Equal a Foreign Policy, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Operations Research Society of China
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Res. Soc. China
ISSN (print)2194-668X
ISSN (online)2194-6698
ScopeGeneral Decision Sciences

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