How to format your references using the Journal of the Operations Research Society of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Operations Research Society of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hentze, M.W.: Protein synthesis. Believe it or not-translation in the nucleus. Science. 293, 1058–1059 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, E., Marone, C.: Geophysics. What triggers tremor? Science. 319, 166–167 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
He, Y., Michaels, S.D., Amasino, R.M.: Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis. Science. 302, 1751–1754 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lazaris, A., Arcidiacono, S., Huang, Y., Zhou, J.-F., Duguay, F., Chretien, N., Welsh, E.A., Soares, J.W., Karatzas, C.N.: Spider silk fibers spun from soluble recombinant silk produced in mammalian cells. Science. 295, 472–476 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller, B., Van de Voorde, M.: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2017)
An edited book
Kubacki, K. ed: Ideas in Marketing: Finding the New and Polishing the Old: Proceedings of the 2013 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Kruegel, C.: Behavioral and Structural Properties of Malicious Code. In: Christodorescu, M., Jha, S., Maughan, D., Song, D., and Wang, C. (eds.) Malware Detection. pp. 63–83. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Operations Research Society of China.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: King Coal Is Dethroned In The US – And That’s Good News For The Environment,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Competition: Challenges in Enhancing Competition in Dominated Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jalali Farahani, B.: Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications, (2005)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Rematch 45 Years In the Making, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Operations Research Society of China
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Res. Soc. China
ISSN (print)2194-668X
ISSN (online)2194-6698
ScopeGeneral Decision Sciences

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