How to format your references using the Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rausher MD. Comment on “Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum.” Science 2007;315:461; author reply 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atran S, Ginges J. Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Science 2012;336:855–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young BA, Gruber TM, Gross CA. Minimal machinery of RNA polymerase holoenzyme sufficient for promoter melting. Science 2004;303:1382–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yokoya T, Nakamura T, Matsushita T, Muro T, Takano Y, Nagao M, et al. Origin of the metallic properties of heavily boron-doped superconducting diamond. Nature 2005;438:647–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson JL. Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
Sahin A, editor. A Practice-based Model of STEM Teaching: STEM Students on the Stage (SOS)TM. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman BJ, Lim HW, Wang SQ. Photoprotection and Photoaging. In: Wang SQ, Lim HW, editors. Principles and Practice of Photoprotection, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. Fat Cells Have Been Efficiently Converted Into Liver Cells. IFLScience 2013. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Technical Challenges and Risks Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan AB. Beyond dynamic textures: A family of stochastic dynamical models for video with applications to computer vision. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. Damien Chazelle on Los Angeles and Its Charms. New York Times 2017:TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society
AbbreviationJ. Nigerian Math. Soc.
ISSN (print)0189-8965

Other styles