How to format your references using the Journal of the National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rogers JA. Materials science. Nanometer-scale printing. Science. 2012;337(6101):1459-1460.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krishnan V, Nestler EJ. The molecular neurobiology of depression. Nature. 2008;455(7215):894-902.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Beekman M, Calis JN, Boot WJ. Parasitic honeybees get royal treatment. Nature. 2000;404(6779):723.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bininda-Emonds ORP, Cardillo M, Jones KE, et al. The delayed rise of present-day mammals. Nature. 2007;446(7135):507-512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Guzinski J, Abu-Rub H, Strankowski P. Variable Speed AC Drives with Inverter Output Filters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Alston M, Whittenbury K, eds. Research, Action and Policy: Addressing the Gendered Impacts of Climate Change. Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bennett L. Drug Delivery to Specific Compartments of the Eye. In: Addo RT, ed. Ocular Drug Delivery: Advances, Challenges and Applications. Springer International Publishing; 2016:37-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Google Is Celebrating The Antikythera Mechanism’s Discovery – But What The Hell Is It? IFLScience. Published May 17, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/google-is-celebrating-the-antikythera-mechanisms-discovery-but-what-the-hell-is-it/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Multiple Protests Against Contract Award. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pena H. Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J. An Olio of E.U. Rules, Leading to Food Fights. New York Times. June 22, 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Natl. Cancer Inst.
ISSN (print)0027-8874
ISSN (online)1460-2105
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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