How to format your references using the Journal of the National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. The power of goodbye. Nature. 2004;429(6992):681.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Janvier P, Arsenault M. Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature. 2002;417(6889):609.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cross CP, Cyrenne D-LM, Brown GR. Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2486.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang S, Cui L, Hao S, et al. Locality and rapidity of the ultra-large elastic deformation of Nb nanowires in a NiTi phase-transforming matrix. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Burrell DB. Towards a Jewish-Christian-Muslim Theology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Moreno-Díaz R, Pichler F, Quesada-Arencibia A, eds. Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2011: 13th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 6-11, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Vol 6928. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pauli A, Alesi H, Anderson S. The development of the HyShot flight program. In: Jiang Z, ed. Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005:31-48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Can Magnetic Stimulation Help Alzheimer’s Patients Think Clearly? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Preliminary Observations on Commercialized Air Navigation Service Providers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Barrios G. Outreach program to address the unmet needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: A grant proposal. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Macfarlane I. Wordsworth. New York Times. March 17, 1906:RECIEW OF BOOKSBR166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Natl. Cancer Inst.
ISSN (print)0027-8874
ISSN (online)1460-2105
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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