How to format your references using the Clinical Skin Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Skin Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Canup RM. Origin of Saturn’s rings and inner moons by mass removal from a lost Titan-sized satellite. Nature. 2010;468(7326):943-946.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Drake JJ, Testa P. The “solar model problem” solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars. Nature. 2005;436(7050):525-528.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zenisek D, Steyer JA, Almers W. Transport, capture and exocytosis of single synaptic vesicles at active zones. Nature. 2000;406(6798):849-854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gao L, Song C, Gao Z, Barabási A-L, Bagrow JP, Wang D. Quantifying information flow during emergencies. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
MacClancy J. Anthropology in the Public Arena. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kitamoto T, ed. Prions: Food and Drug Safety. Tokyo: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Müller P, Quintana FA, Jara A, Hanson T. Regression. In: Quintana FA, Jara A, Hanson T, eds. Bayesian Nonparametric Data Analysis. Springer Series in Statistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:51-75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Skin Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Growing Use Of Smart Drugs By Students Could Be A Recipe For Disaster. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/growing-use-of-smart-drugs-by-students-could-be-a-recipe-for-disaster/. Published May 31, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Drug Education: Rural Programs Have Many Components and Most Rely Heavily on Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harris DW. An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Burghardt LF. For Sabbath on Saturdays, Fewer Open Shops. New York Times. March 9, 2008:LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Skin Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Skin Cancer
ISSN (print)2405-8645
ScopeDermatology
Oncology

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