How to format your references using the Clinical Skin Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Skin Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Narbonne GM. Modular construction of early Ediacaran complex life forms. Science. 2004;305(5687):1141-1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Remondes M, Schuman EM. Role for a cortical input to hippocampal area CA1 in the consolidation of a long-term memory. Nature. 2004;431(7009):699-703.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hubbell JA, Thomas SN, Swartz MA. Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature. 2009;462(7272):449-460.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Busza A, Emery-Le M, Rosbash M, Emery P. Roles of the two Drosophila CRYPTOCHROME structural domains in circadian photoreception. Science. 2004;304(5676):1503-1506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lawless HT. Quantitative Sensory Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Guillard V. Food Structure and Moisture Transfer: A Modeling Approach. Vol 8. (Bourlieu C, Gontard N, eds.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Luciano V, Sardini E, Serpelloni M. An Electromechanical Generator Implanted in Human Total Knee Prosthesis. In: Baldini F, D’Amico A, Di Natale C, et al., eds. Sensors: Proceedings of the First National Conference on Sensors, Rome 15-17 February, 2012. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer; 2014:25-30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Skin Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Pollution May Be Promoting Lethal Tumors In Turtles. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/pollution-may-be-promoting-lethal-tumors-turtles/. Published October 1, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Intercollegiate Athletics: Compensation Varies for Selected Personnel in Athletic Departments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schaff S. What characterizes and impacts student transformational learning in a community college work placement context. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Breakaway Church In Talks. New York Times. November 19, 2003:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Skin Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Skin Cancer
ISSN (print)2405-8645
ScopeDermatology
Oncology

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