How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A., 2015. Animal behaviour: Come mate with me. Nature 526, S8-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, M., Munro, S., 2014. Membrane trafficking. The specificity of vesicle traffic to the Golgi is encoded in the golgin coiled-coil proteins. Science 346, 1256898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donlea, J.M., Ramanan, N., Shaw, P.J., 2009. Use-dependent plasticity in clock neurons regulates sleep need in Drosophila. Science 324, 105–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chai, G., Dong, G., Qiu, J., Zhang, Q., Yang, Z., 2013. Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals. Sci. Rep. 3, 1598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge, D., 2010. Excel® Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frolova, M., Prados, M.-J., Nadaï, A. (Eds.), 2015. Renewable Energies and European Landscapes: Lessons from Southern European Cases. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gasmi, M., Mosbahi, O., Khalgui, M., Gomes, L., 2015. PEDASA: Priority, Energy and Deadline Aware Scheduling Algorithm, in: Fujita, H., Guizzi, G. (Eds.), Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 14th International Conference, SoMet 2015, Naples, Italy, September 15-17, 2015. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. People Near Fracking Wells Show Higher Hospitalization Rates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/people-near-fracking-wells-show-higher-hospitalization-rates/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing: EFT 99 Is Not Expected to Affect Year 2000 Remediation Efforts (No. AIMD-98-272R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter, R.H., 2017. Marx Generator Charged via Biperiodic Resonant Cascaded Transformers (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G., 2010. Titans in Party Dresses: Socialite, debutante, advocate: all spell Hadley Marie Nagel, who at 19 boasts a résumé over the top. New York Times ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Maxmen, 2015; Wong and Munro, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Munro, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1751-6161
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Biomaterials

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