How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M., 2000. Republican candidates clash on fetal tissue in research. Nature 403, 694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellows, D.S., Tyers, M., 2004. Cell biology. Chemical genetics hits. Science 306, 67–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, C.H., Triscone, J.-M., Mannhart, J., 2003. Electric field effect in correlated oxide systems. Nature 424, 1015–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, S.H., Cho, F.H., Song, Y.K., Paulsen, J., Song, Y.Q., Kim, Y.R., Kim, J.K., Cho, G., Cho, H., 2014. Ultrafast 3D spin-echo acquisition improves Gadolinium-enhanced MRI signal contrast enhancement. Sci. Rep. 4, 5061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smeets, R., der Sluis, L. van, Kapetanović, M., Peelo, D.F., Janssen, A., 2014. Switching in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bressoud, D., 2016. Teaching and Learning of Calculus, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Morrison, S.A., 2011. The Gift, in: Watson, L.W., Woods, C.S. (Eds.), Go Where You Belong: Male Teachers as Cultural Workers in the Lives of Children, Families, and Communities. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Mammals Were Almost Completely Wiped Out Alongside The Dinosaurs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations (No. RCED-88-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath, C.P., 2012. Comparison of waste heat driven and electrically driven cooling systems for a high ambient temperature, off-grid application (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bellows and Tyers, 2004; Wadman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellows and Tyers, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1751-6161
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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