How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nobrega, M.A., 2010. Journal club. A human geneticist explores the ways that genes are regulated. Nature 466, 11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tamaru, H., Selker, E.U., 2001. A histone H3 methyltransferase controls DNA methylation in Neurospora crassa. Nature 414, 277–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Couch, F.J., Nathanson, K.L., Offit, K., 2014. Two decades after BRCA: setting paradigms in personalized cancer care and prevention. Science 343, 1466–1470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zimmermann, K., Leffler, A., Babes, A., Cendan, C.M., Carr, R.W., Kobayashi, J.-I., Nau, C., Wood, J.N., Reeh, P.W., 2007. Sensory neuron sodium channel Nav1.8 is essential for pain at low temperatures. Nature 447, 855–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiselton, A.C., 2010. 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Just, T., Maennig, W. (Eds.), 2012. Understanding German Real Estate Markets, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Clematis, A., Corana, A., D’Agostino, D., Galizia, A., Quarati, A., 2009. A Performance-Based Methodology to Improve Grid Exploitation, in: Bartolini, C., Gaspary, L.P. (Eds.), Integrated Management of Systems, Services, Processes and People in IT: 20th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2009, Venice, Italy, October 27-28, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Surprise Finding Suggests Diabetes Drug Could Release Rather Than Prevent Blood Sugar [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934] (No. B-278820). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sink, R.C., 2010. Exploring a high school community relations and parent involvement program (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2013. Bolshoi Official Raises Attack Questions. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nobrega, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Nobrega, 2010; Tamaru and Selker, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tamaru and Selker, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zimmermann et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1751-6161
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles