How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E., 2004. Getting on the fast-track to full-time employment. Nature 432, 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bays, P.M., Husain, M., 2008. Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision. Science 321, 851–854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, G.M., Rogers, K.C., Yerby, S.A., 2001. Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature 412, 429–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, C., Lin, Q., Zhang, S., He, J., Lu, X., Wang, G., 2014. Historical trends of atmospheric black carbon on Sanjiang Plain as reconstructed from a 150-year peat record. Sci. Rep. 4, 5723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, G.P., 2011. Managing to the New Regulatory Reality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gould, I.M., Meer, J.W.M. van der (Eds.), 2008. Antibiotic Policies: Fighting Resistance. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Katsev, I.L., Prikhach, A.S., Zege, E.P., Ivanov, A.P., Kokhanovsky, A.A., 2009. Iterative procedure for retrieval of spectral aerosol optical thickness and surface reflectance from satellite data using fast radiative transfer code and its application to MERIS measurements, in: Kokhanovsky, A.A., Leeuw, G. de (Eds.), Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 101–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study Reveals New Approach For Blocking Neuronal Damage From Stress [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Schools and Libraries Program: Update on E-Rate Funding (No. GAO-01-672). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masuyama, G., 2010. The Bird Is A Word (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., Morris, W., 2017. August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever? New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bays and Husain, 2008; Russo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bays and Husain, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1751-6161
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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