How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baron, N., 2010. Stand up for science. Nature 468, 1032–1033.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aronson, S.J., Rehm, H.L., 2015. Building the foundation for genomics in precision medicine. Nature 526, 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mills, C.E., Robins, J.M., Lipsitch, M., 2004. Transmissibility of 1918 pandemic influenza. Nature 432, 904–906.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marino, N.D., Zhang, J.Y., Borges, A.L., Sousa, A.A., Leon, L.M., Rauch, B.J., Walton, R.T., Berry, J.D., Joung, J.K., Kleinstiver, B.P., Bondy-Denomy, J., 2018. Discovery of widespread type I and type V CRISPR-Cas inhibitors. Science 362, 240–242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf, B., 2006. The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ceri, S., Brambilla, M. (Eds.), 2011. Search Computing: Trends and Developments, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Papović, J., Pejović, A., 2016. Revival without Nostalgia: The ‘Dizel’ Movement, Serbian 1990s Cultural Trauma and Globalised Youth Cultures, in: Schwartz, M., Winkel, H. (Eds.), Eastern European Youth Cultures in a Global Context. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. World’s Largest Megaraptor Was Nothing Short Of Terrifying [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. D.C. Court Orders (No. GGD-94-75R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De La Cruz, E., 2014. School social work programing for an elementary school: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Park Service Makes a Pitch To Put a Pier to Work. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baron, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Aronson and Rehm, 2015; Baron, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aronson and Rehm, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Marino et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1751-6161
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles