How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guzmán MG. Global voices of science. Deciphering dengue: the Cuban experience. Science. 2005 Sep 2;309(5740):1495–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Francesconi M, Lehner B. The effects of genetic variation on gene expression dynamics during development. Nature. 2014 Jan 9;505(7482):208–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukandavire Z, Smith DL, Morris JG Jr. Cholera in Haiti: reproductive numbers and vaccination coverage estimates. Sci Rep. 2013 Jan 10;3:997.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wing K, Onishi Y, Prieto-Martin P, Yamaguchi T, Miyara M, Fehervari Z, et al. CTLA-4 control over Foxp3+ regulatory T cell function. Science. 2008 Oct 10;322(5899):271–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luther GW III. Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Garcia E. Model-Based Control of Networked Systems. Antsaklis PJ, Montestruque LA, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XVI, 382 p. 127 illus., 85 illus. in color. (Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications).
A chapter in an edited book
Khangamwa G. Detecting Network Intrusions Using Hierarchical Temporal Memory. In: Popescu-Zeletin R, Rai IA, Jonas K, Villafiorita A, editors. E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 41–8. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Bad Posture Give You A Hunchback? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Better Criteria Needed for Financing Guarantee Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jul. Report No.: HRD-86-57.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ibarra AL. Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Cubs Slugger Admits He May Cry Over His Unlikely Return to Action. New York Times. 2016 Oct 26;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Public Health Assoc.
ISSN (print)0013-2446
ISSN (online)2090-262X

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