How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Attractive information. Nature. 2005 May 26;435(7041):529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris SC, Caron J-B. Halwaxiids and the early evolution of the lophotrochozoans. Science. 2007 Mar 2;315(5816):1255–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nasrallah ME, Liu P, Nasrallah JB. Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science. 2002 Jul 12;297(5579):247–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matheny SA, Chen C, Kortum RL, Razidlo GL, Lewis RE, White MA. Ras regulates assembly of mitogenic signalling complexes through the effector protein IMP. Nature. 2004 Jan 15;427(6971):256–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln NB, Kneebone II, Macniven JAB, Morris RC. Psychological Management of Stroke. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Luk’yanchuk IA, Mezzane D, editors. Smart Materials for Energy, Communications and Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. XIV, 275 p. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics).
A chapter in an edited book
Stetson SJ. The Use of Clomiphene Citrate in Natural Cycle IVF. In: Allahbadia GN, Nitzschke M, editors. Minimal Stimulation and Natural Cycle In Vitro Fertilization. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 23–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Building Has Started On The Extremely Large Telescope [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices to Help Ensure Successful Major Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Nov. Report No.: GAO-14-183T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liza JS. Mentors’ perceptions of bullying in middle and high school settings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. ‘Everyone Wants to See Zara.’ New York Times. 2012 Jul 31;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Public Health Assoc.
ISSN (print)0013-2446
ISSN (online)2090-262X

Other styles