How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tatar M. Comment on “Long-lived Drosophila with overexpressed dFOXO in adult fat body.” Science. 2005 Feb 4;307(5710):675; author reply 675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavier LL, Manatschal G. A mechanism to thin the continental lithosphere at magma-poor margins. Nature. 2006 Mar 16;440(7082):324–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakurai H, Daiko T, Hirao T. A synthesis of sumanene, a fullerene fragment. Science. 2003 Sep 26;301(5641):1878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stagno V, Bindi L, Shibazaki Y, Tange Y, Higo Y, Mao HK, et al. Icosahedral AlCuFe quasicrystal at high pressure and temperature and its implications for the stability of icosahedrite. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 29;4:5869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz D. The Future of Finance. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Sirisuk P, Morgan F, El-Ghazawi T, Amano H, editors. Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications: 6th International Symposium, ARC 2010, Bangkok, Thailand, March 17-19, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XIV, 450 p. 217 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5992).
A chapter in an edited book
Slutkin G, Ransford C, Decker RB. Cure Violence: Treating Violence As a Contagious Disease. In: Maltz MD, Rice SK, editors. Envisioning Criminology: Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association.

Blog post
Andrews R. There Is A Gigantic Neuron Wrapping Itself Around Your Entire Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Lewis Research Center Attempts To Procure Suitable Wind Turbine Rotor Blades. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Nov. Report No.: PSAD-81-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker HA. Virtual Mate Poaching: A study of the tactics used to poach a potential mate on Social Networking Sites [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2017 Feb 3;MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Public Health Assoc.
ISSN (print)0013-2446
ISSN (online)2090-262X

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