How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overpeck JT. Climate change. The hole record. Nature. 2000 Feb 17;403(6771):714–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casali A, Struhl G. Reading the Hedgehog morphogen gradient by measuring the ratio of bound to unbound Patched protein. Nature. 2004 Sep 2;431(7004):76–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laland KN, Odling-Smee J, Feldman MW. Causing a commotion. Nature. 2004 Jun 10;429(6992):609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blanford JI, Blanford S, Crane RG, Mann ME, Paaijmans KP, Schreiber KV, et al. Implications of temperature variation for malaria parasite development across Africa. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massotte P, Corsi P. Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Kondo K, Akolkar RN, Barkey DP, Yokoi M, editors. Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. VIII, 282 p. 190 illus., 75 illus. in color. (Nanostructure Science and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Schuetze HJ, Antecol H. Immigration, Entrepreneurship and the Venture Start-up Process. In: Parker S, editor. The Life Cycle of Entrepreneurial Ventures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 107–35. (International Handbook Series on Entrepreneurship).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association.

Blog post
Andrew E. BREAKING: Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo Crashes In Mojave Desert [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Action Needs to Realize Benefits of Metropolitan Area Acquisition Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Apr. Report No.: GAO-02-325.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bontrager JG. Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Social Investing Entices Converts. New York Times. 2017 Apr 13;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Public Health Assoc.
ISSN (print)0013-2446
ISSN (online)2090-262X

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