How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyer P. Being human: Religion: bound to believe? Nature. 2008 Oct 23;455(7216):1038–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Filippov A, Gorb SN. Frictional-anisotropy-based systems in biology: structural diversity and numerical model. Sci Rep. 2013 Feb 7;3:1240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang J, Pray C, Rozelle S. Enhancing the crops to feed the poor. Nature. 2002 Aug 8;418(6898):678–84.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taga ME, Larsen NA, Howard-Jones AR, Walsh CT, Walker GC. BluB cannibalizes flavin to form the lower ligand of vitamin B12. Nature. 2007 Mar 22;446(7134):449–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tyson H. Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Bouganis T, Venjakob O, editors. Iwasawa Theory 2012: State of the Art and Recent Advances. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XII, 483 p. (Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences; vol. 7).
A chapter in an edited book
Dyson M, Plunkett M. Enhancing Interpersonal Relationships in Teacher Education through the Development and Practice of Reflective Mentoring. In: Zandvliet D, Brok PD, Mainhard T, Tartwijk J van, editors. Interpersonal Relationships in Education: From Theory to Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association.

Blog post
Andrew E. 9 Awesome Things You Didn’t Know About Bill Nye The Science Guy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Regulatory Policies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: PAD-78-68.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson WC. Spreading the dao, managing mastership, and performing salvation: The life and alchemical teachings of Chen Zhixu [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Music Distributor Helps Artists With a Tricky Part: Splitting Royalties. New York Times. 2017 Feb 5;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Public Health Assoc.
ISSN (print)0013-2446
ISSN (online)2090-262X

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