How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2003) Career-change carousel. Nature 423:899
A journal article with 2 authors
Faden RR, Karron RA (2012) Public health and biosecurity. The obligation to prevent the next dual-use controversy. Science 335:802–804
A journal article with 3 authors
Gung Y, Panning M, Romanowicz B (2003) Global anisotropy and the thickness of continents. Nature 422:707–711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Koller G, Berkebile S, Oehzelt M, et al (2007) Intra- and intermolecular band dispersion in an organic crystal. Science 317:351–355

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng KK (2009) Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hörner W, Döbert H, Reuter LR, Kopp B von (2015) The Education Systems of Europe, 2nd ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kwak D, Kiris CC (2011) Artificial Compressibility Method. In: Kiris CC (ed) Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society.

Blog post
Taub B (2017) Stuttering May Be Caused By Reduced Blood Flow To A Key Region Of The Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: Improvements for Acquisition of Customs Trade Processing System Continue, but Further Efforts Needed to Avoid More Cost and Schedule Shortfalls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari RA (2016) Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sarotte ME (2014) How the Berlin Wall Really Fell. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Computer Society
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Comput. Soc.
ISSN (print)0104-6500
ISSN (online)1678-4804
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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