How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society (J Braz Comput Soc). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butterworth A (2014) The moral problem with commercial seal hunting. Nature 509:9
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalakis Y, Roze D (2004) Evolution. Epistasis in RNA viruses. Science 306:1492–1493
A journal article with 3 authors
Spéder P, Adám G, Noselli S (2006) Type ID unconventional myosin controls left-right asymmetry in Drosophila. Nature 440:803–807
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang N, Dong S, Fu Z, et al (2014) Phase transition and phase separation in multiferroic orthorhombic Dy(1-x)Ho(x)MnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). Sci Rep 4:6506

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Kelly M, Ratitch B (2014) Clinical Trials with Missing Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ricci F, Rokach L, Shapira B (2015) Recommender Systems Handbook, 2nd ed. 2015. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Benepal T, Matakidou A, Zee Y, et al (2006) Genetics of Lung Cancer: Current Thinking on Genetic Predisposition to the Disease and Response to Treatment. In: Syrigos KN, Nutting CM, Roussos C (eds) Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) No, Smelling Farts Can’t Cure Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) The Federal Wind Energy Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Akiyama KM (2017) Taste Detection in Post-Laryngectomy Head and Neck Cancer Survivors and Its Effect on Dietary Intake and Malnutrition Status. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) ‘Mean Girls’ Musical Is Broadway Bound. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Computer Society
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Comput. Soc.
ISSN (print)0104-6500
ISSN (online)1678-4804
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles