How to format your references using the Journal of the American Statistical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Statistical Association (JASA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mignan, A. (2014), “The debate on the prognostic value of earthquake foreshocks: a meta-analysis,” Scientific reports, 4, 4099.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaib, N. A., and Quinn, T. (2009), “Reassessing the source of long-period comets,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 1234–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahissar, E., Sosnik, R., and Haidarliu, S. (2000), “Transformation from temporal to rate coding in a somatosensory thalamocortical pathway,” Nature, 406, 302–306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miller, L. H., Baruch, D. I., Marsh, K., and Doumbo, O. K. (2002), “The pathogenic basis of malaria,” Nature, 415, 673–679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lebowitz, E. R., and Omer, H. (2013), Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dye, S. T. (ed.) (2007), Neutrino Geophysics: Proceedings of Neutrino Sciences 2005, New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Borgström, J., Gordon, A. D., and Pucella, R. (2010), “Roles, Stacks, Histories: A Triple for Hoare,” in Reflections on the Work of C.A.R. Hoare, eds. A. W. Roscoe, C. B. Jones, and K. R. Wood, London: Springer, pp. 71–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Statistical Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015), “Coral Reefs’ Physical Conditions Set Biological Rules Of Nature – Until People Show Up,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008), Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Performance Management and Strengthen Oversight of the High-Cost Program, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A. O. (2009), “Observing action research processes in practice,” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017), “Van Susteren Is Let Go From MSNBC,” New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mignan 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kaib and Quinn 2009; Mignan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaib and Quinn 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Statistical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Stat. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0162-1459
ISSN (online)1537-274X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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