How to format your references using the Journal of the American Statistical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Statistical Association (JASA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk, S. (2001), “Sandia scientists develop instruments at the crossroads,” Nature, 410, 128–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mechoulam, R., and Lichtman, A. H. (2003), “Neuroscience. Stout guards of the central nervous system,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302, 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cusick, R. D., Kim, Y., and Logan, B. E. (2012), “Energy capture from thermolytic solutions in microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335, 1474–1477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shirt-Ediss, B., Ruiz-Mirazo, K., Mavelli, F., and Solé, R. V. (2014), “Modelling lipid competition dynamics in heterogeneous protocell populations,” Scientific reports, 4, 5675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama, J. T. (2011), Comparative Politics, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bichindaritz, I., and Montani, S. (eds.) (2010), Case-Based Reasoning. Research and Development: 18th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2010, Alessandria, Italy, July 19-22, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ehrig, H., Ehrig, K., Ermel, C., and Prange, U. (2008), “Consistent Integration of Models Based on Views of Visual Languages,” in Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 11th International Conference, FASE 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29-April 6, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. J. L. Fiadeiro and P. Inverardi, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 62–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Statistical Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), “Cassini Probes Lakes On Titan,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987), Weather Satellites: Economies Available by Converging Government Meteorological Satellites, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amos, A. E. (2010), “Perceptions of the persistent: Academic experiences of first generation community college students,” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B. (2016), “After the Heisman, a Long, Lonely Slide,” New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunk 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bunk 2001; Mechoulam and Lichtman 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mechoulam and Lichtman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Shirt-Ediss et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Statistical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Stat. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0162-1459
ISSN (online)1537-274X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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