How to format your references using the Journal of the American Statistical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Statistical Association (JASA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2010), “Diversity: Of beans and genes,” Nature, 468, S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, G. Y., and Stephanopoulos, G. (2004), “A functional protein chip for pathway optimization and in vitro metabolic engineering,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304, 428–431.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlsson, M. P., Tervo, D. G. R., and Karpova, A. Y. (2012), “Network resets in medial prefrontal cortex mark the onset of behavioral uncertainty,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338, 135–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, R., Shao, G.-F., Zeng, X.-M., and Wen, Y.-H. (2014), “Diverse melting modes and structural collapse of hollow bimetallic core-shell nanoparticles: a perspective from molecular dynamics simulations,” Scientific reports, 4, 7051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, A. A., and Forcinito, M. A. (2004), Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pokorski, M. (ed.) (2015), Pulmonary Infection, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rauschmayr, N., and Streit, A. (2013), “Reducing the Memory Footprint of Parallel Applications with KSM,” in Facing the Multicore-Challenge III: Aspects of New Paradigms and Technologies in Parallel Computing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. R. Keller, D. Kramer, and J.-P. Weiss, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Statistical Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015), “There’s A Global Ocean Beneath The Surface Of Enceladus,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981), Making Evaluations Relevant to Congressional Needs, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, E. (2014), “Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017), “Women Interrupted,” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2010; Jung and Stephanopoulos 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Stephanopoulos 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Statistical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Stat. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0162-1459
ISSN (online)1537-274X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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