How to format your references using the Journal of the American Statistical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Statistical Association (JASA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landry, C. R. (2011), “Cell biology. A cellular roadmap for the plant kingdom,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ali, J. R., and Huber, M. (2010), “Mammalian biodiversity on Madagascar controlled by ocean currents,” Nature, 463, 653–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, N., Yamanashi, Y., and Yoshikawa, N. (2014), “Reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices,” Scientific reports, 4, 6354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, S., Hill, C. P., Sundquist, W. I., and Finch, J. T. (2000), “Image reconstructions of helical assemblies of the HIV-1 CA protein,” Nature, 407, 409–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jank, W., and Shmueli, G. (2010), Modeling Online Auctions, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tseng, V. S., Ho, T. B., Zhou, Z.-H., Chen, A. L. P., and Kao, H.-Y. (eds.) (2014), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chamlagain, D., and Gautam, D. (2015), “Seismic Hazard in the Himalayan Intermontane Basins: An Example from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal,” in Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Risk Reduction, eds. H. K. Nibanupudi and R. Shaw, Tokyo: Springer Japan, pp. 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Statistical Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013), “The latest report from the IPCC: scientists are 95% certain that humans are the ‘dominant cause’ of global warming since the 1950s,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996), NASA Contract Management, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ports, M. O. (2009), “Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis,” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 11 Killed In Chechen Ambushes,” New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landry 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ali and Huber 2010; Landry 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ali and Huber 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Statistical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Stat. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0162-1459
ISSN (online)1537-274X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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