How to format your references using the Journal of the American Statistical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Statistical Association (JASA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eyre-Walker, A. (2006), “Evolution. Size does not matter for mitochondrial DNA,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Platt, M. L., and Adams, G. K. (2012), “Psychology. Monkey see, monkey read,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y. G., Pagani, M., and Liu, Z. (2014), “Response to Comment on ‘A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346, 1467.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, H. T., Hsu, R. R., Chen, A. B., Wang, Y. C., Hsiao, W. S., Lai, W. C., Lee, L. C., Sato, M., and Fukunishi, H. (2003), “Gigantic jets between a thundercloud and the ionosphere,” Nature, 423, 974–976.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills, J., and Fisher, J. (2008), Pharmacy Law and Practice, Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Perner, P. (ed.) (2016), Advances in Data Mining. Applications and Theoretical Aspects: 16th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2016, New York, NY, USA, July 13-17, 2016. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yegnasubramanian, S., and Nelson, W. G. (2010), “Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Analysis in Cancer Research,” in Modern Molecular Biology: Approaches for Unbiased Discovery in Cancer Research, eds. S. Yegnasubramanian and W. B. Isaacs, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 47–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Statistical Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), “Stem Cell Discovery Could Lead To Treatments For Various Blood And Immune Disorders,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990), Railroad Regulation: Economic and Financial Impacts of the Staggers Rail Act of 1980, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spralja, K. P. (2014), “The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017), “Cheers on a Soccer Field, Far From Las Vegas,” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eyre-Walker 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Eyre-Walker 2006; Platt and Adams 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Platt and Adams 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Statistical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Stat. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0162-1459
ISSN (online)1537-274X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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