How to format your references using the Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nicholson E. Accounting for career breaks. Science. 2015;348:830.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Douvris C, Ozerov OV. Hydrodefluorination of perfluoroalkyl groups using silylium-carborane catalysts. Science. 2008;321:1188–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Poot-Salazar A, Hernández-Flores Á, Ardisson P-L. Use of the SLW index to calculate growth function in the sea cucumber Isostichopus badionotus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5151.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zeng X, Tamai K, Doble B, Li S, Huang H, Habas R, et al. A dual-kinase mechanism for Wnt co-receptor phosphorylation and activation. Nature. 2005;438:873–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jain RK, Triandis HC, Weick CW. Managing Research, Development, and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Cleary S, Stabell IL, editors. New Directions in Thomas Paine Studies. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ooi CC, Schindelhauer C. Energy-Efficient Distributed Target Tracking Using Wireless Relay Robots. In: Asama H, Kurokawa H, Ota J, Sekiyama K, editors. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Moron Shoots Cat With An Arrow In Michigan [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/moron-shoots-cat-arrow-michigan/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: The Congress Faces Critical Decisions About the Role of and Funding for Intercity Passenger Rail Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-820T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. PerLee-Lange DL. An introduction to the juvenile dependency court process and the child welfare system: A curriculum for parents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rutenberg J. For Disney Chief, an Unlikely Political Turn. New York Times. 2017 Oct 9;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
AbbreviationCurr. Rev. Musculoskelet. Med.
ISSN (print)1935-973X
ISSN (online)1935-9748
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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