How to format your references using the Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wilkinson DM. At cross purposes. Nature. 2001;412:485.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. McGuire JJ, Beroza GC. Geophysics. A rogue earthquake off Sumatra. Science. 2012;336:1118–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang Z, Pakoulev A, Dlott DD. Watching vibrational energy transfer in liquids with atomic spatial resolution. Science. 2002;296:2201–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vandergoes MJ, Newnham RM, Preusser F, Hendy CH, Lowell TV, Fitzsimons SJ, et al. Regional insolation forcing of late Quaternary climate change in the Southern Hemisphere. Nature. 2005;436:242–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wempen F. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. He M. Metal-Dielectric Interfaces in Gigascale Electronics: Thermal and Electrical Stability. Lu T-M, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huchet J-F. From Dirigisme to Realism: Chinese Industrial Policy in the Era of Globalisation. In: Richet X, Delteil V, Dieuaide P, editors. Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Social Regulations: European and Asian Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Your Blood Type Could Influence Your Chance Of Developing Alzheimer’s [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/blood-type-may-influence-your-chances-developing-alzheimers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: Sound Planning and Project Management Are Needed to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of VA and DOD Health Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-402T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yuknis CM. A grounded theory of deaf middle school students’ revision of their own writing [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. JUSTICES REJECT U.S. BID TO BLOCK ASSISTED SUICIDE. New York Times. 2006 Jan 18;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
AbbreviationCurr. Rev. Musculoskelet. Med.
ISSN (print)1935-973X
ISSN (online)1935-9748
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles