How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. (2015) Antibody anarchy: A call to order. Nature. 527:545–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Striedter GF, Srinivasan S. (2015) BRAIN EVOLUTION. Knowing when to fold them. Science. 349:31–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Séguin B, Singer PA, Daar AS. (2006) Science community: scientific diasporas. Science. 312:1602–1603.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Murakami S, Nakashima R, Yamashita E, Matsumoto T, Yamaguchi A. (2006) Crystal structures of a multidrug transporter reveal a functionally rotating mechanism. Nature. 443:173–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon J. (2013) The Design Manager’s Handbook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Schiavon F, Guglielmi G, Rotondo A, eds. (2012) La comunicazione radiologica nella società del benessere. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mamei M, Zambonelli F. (2006) Self-Maintaining Overlay Data Structures for Pervasive Autonomic Services. In: Keller, A, Martin-Flatin, J-P, eds. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceSelf-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Hale T. (2015) Which Country Consumes The Most Calories? IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980) Use of Computerized Information for Local and National Health Care Planning Purposes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gauen KE. (2009) The impact of the Instructional Practices Inventory at an Illinois middle school. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. (2013) In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times, December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2015; Striedter and Srinivasan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Striedter and Srinivasan, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

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