How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fridley JD. (2012) Extended leaf phenology and the autumn niche in deciduous forest invasions. Nature. 485:359–362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park SH, Bendelac A. (2000) CD1-restricted T-cell responses and microbial infection. Nature. 406:788–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giustino F, Cohen ML, Louie SG. (2008) Small phonon contribution to the photoemission kink in the copper oxide superconductors. Nature. 452:975–978.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Sanchez SE et al. (2010) A methyl transferase links the circadian clock to the regulation of alternative splicing. Nature. 468:112–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB. (2010) Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gervasi O et al., eds. (2016) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiederhold BK, Bouchard S. (2014) Fear of Flying (Aviophobia): Efficacy and Methodological Lessons Learned from Outcome Trials. In: Bouchard, S, ed.Advances in Virtual Reality and Anxiety Disorders. Boston, MA: Springer US, pp. 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Fang J. (2014) New Tomato Grows All Night in Fake Light. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980) Review of Selected Computer System Procurements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarkissian LN. (2009) An examination of course-level factors contributing to student success. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. (2006) Amid Concerns, Counties Move to Limit Taxes. New York Times, September 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fridley, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fridley, 2012; Park and Bendelac, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Bendelac, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanchez et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

Other styles