How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pickett G. (2000) Superfluidity. A new twist to an old story. Nature. 404:450–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adams WW, Baughman RH. (2005) Retrospective: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Science. 310:1916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta EKH, Legron-Rodriguez T, Bowdon MA. (2013) IBI* series winner. An inquiry into the water around us. Science. 341:971–972.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Coates JD et al. (2001) Anaerobic benzene oxidation coupled to nitrate reduction in pure culture by two strains of Dechloromonas. Nature. 411:1039–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayuk JL et al. (2012) Cyber Security Policy Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Davis B, Kaljurand K, Kuhn T, eds. (2014) Controlled Natural Language: 4th International Workshop, CNL 2014, Galway, Ireland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Han ND, Huy PT. (2012) On Unambiguity of Languages Related to Codes. In: Park, JJ (jong H, Leung, VCM, Wang, C-L, Shon, T, eds. Lecture Notes in Electrical EngineeringFuture Information Technology, Application, and Service: FutureTech 2012 Volume 2. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. (2016) Evidence Mounts For The Existence Of Planet Nine. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009) School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurum M. (2009) L-band estimation of forest canopy attenuation by a time-domain analysis of radar backscatter response. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. (2017) A Troubled Student Tries a New School, and It Alters the Course of Her Life. New York Times, January 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pickett, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Pickett, 2000; Adams and Baughman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adams and Baughman, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Coates et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

Other styles