How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCammon C. (2005) Geochemistry. The paradox of mantle redox. Science. 308:807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frusawa H, Matsumoto Y. (2014) Tuning the size and configuration of nanocarbon microcapsules: aqueous method using optical tweezers. Sci Rep. 4:4074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weston CR, Lambright DG, Davis RJ. (2002) Signal transduction. MAP kinase signaling specificity. Science. 296:2345–2347.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hu Q et al. (2013) Position-sensitive spectral splitting with a plasmonic nanowire on silicon chip. Sci Rep. 3:3095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loughran M. (2010) Auditing for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Lipper L, Sakuyama T, Stringer R, Zilberman D, eds. (2009) Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes: Economic Policies and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz JJ, Rabiei N, Lyamin A, Huerta A. (2014) Computation of Bounds for Anchor Problems in Limit Analysis and Decomposition Techniques. In: Spiliopoulos, K, Weichert, D, eds.Direct Methods for Limit States in Structures and Materials. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Andrews R. (2016) New Satellite Returns First Remarkable Image Of The Arctic. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977) Concerted Effort Needed to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome GA. (2009) Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly O. (1975) The Nation; What the Rosenberg Papers Show The Surprise Final Witness. New York Times, December 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCammon, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (McCammon, 2005; Frusawa and Matsumoto, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frusawa and Matsumoto, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

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