How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H. (2004) Coming back to life Montreal. Nature. 430:274–275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams EJ, Hurst LD. (2000) The proteins of linked genes evolve at similar rates. Nature. 407:900–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor MW, Thacker RW, Hentschel U. (2007) Genetics. Evolutionary insights from sponges. Science. 316:1854–1855.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hirschey MD et al. (2010) SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation. Nature. 464:121–125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush J, Harris DM, Parker RJ. (2016) Cognitive Self Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Helsen JA. (2010) Biomaterials: A Tantalus Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pepe G, Kirienko M. (2016) Radionuclide Imaging (SPECT). In: Ambrosini, V, Fanti, S, eds.PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Fang J. (2015) New Peruvian Frog Has White Splotches On Its Belly. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014) Federal-Aid Highways: Federal Highway Administration Could Further Mitigate Locally Administered Project Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin JH. (2015) Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey G. (2011) N.H.L. Is Playing on Its Home Ice. New York Times, June 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2004; Williams and Hurst, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Hurst, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirschey et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

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