How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (JAAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren A. (2001) Ethical and social considerations of stem cell research. Nature. 414:129–131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibáñez M, Cabot A. (2013) Chemistry. All change for nanocrystals. Science. 340:935–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silvarolla MB, Mazzafera P, Fazuoli LC. (2004) Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature. 429:826.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Longini IM Jr et al. (2005) Containing pandemic influenza at the source. Science. 309:1083–1087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C. (2016) Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agresta F, Campanile FC, Vettoretto N, eds. (2014) Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: An Evidence-Based Guide. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Byrne D. (2010) Comparison, Diversity and Complexity. In: Cilliers, P, Preiser, R, eds. Issues in Business EthicsComplexity, Difference and Identity: An Ethical Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Heroin Use and Overdose Deaths Rising in the U.S. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996) State Infrastructure Banks: A Mechanism to Expand Federal Transportation Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Augspurger BA. (2014) Teacher Perceptions of Effective School Leadership Using Twenty-first Century Skills and Knowledge. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. (2015) Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen. New York Times, February 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaren, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (McLaren, 2001; Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Longini et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1050-0545
ISSN (online)2157-3107
ScopeSpeech and Hearing

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