How to format your references using the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlesworth D. Evolution. Competitive centromeres. Science. 2008;322(5907):1484-1485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hofmann HA, Stevenson PA. Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature. 2000;403(6770):613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Habas R, Abate-Shen C. MSX1 cooperates with histone H1b for inhibition of transcription and myogenesis. Science. 2004;304(5677):1675-1678.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang M, Fu L, Gan L, et al. CVD growth of large area smooth-edged graphene nanomesh by nanosphere lithography. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker W. Dust That Breathes. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Miesenberger K, Karshmer A, Penaz P, Zagler W, eds. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 13th International Conference, ICCHP 2012, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Vol 7382. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Higgott R. Economic Multilateralism: A Search for Legitimacy and Coherence in the Early Twenty-first Century. In: Telò M, ed. State, Globalization and Multilateralism: The Challenges of Institutionalizing Regionalism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012:61-78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Blocking Inflammation For Too Long Could Be Bad For Your Heart. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on the National School Lunch Program’s Assessment, Improvement, and Monitoring System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmgren JL. Instructor responses to rhetorical dissent: Student perceptions of justice and classroom outcomes. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Restore Judges’ Control Over Sentencing. New York Times. December 11, 2007:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Nutr. Diet.
ISSN (print)2212-2672
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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