How to format your references using the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes JD. Energy: A reality check on the shale revolution. Nature. 2013;494(7437):307-308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ostfeld RS, Keesing F. Ecology. Oh the locusts sang, then they dropped dead. Science. 2004;306(5701):1488-1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mulch A, Graham SA, Chamberlain CP. Hydrogen isotopes in Eocene river gravels and paleoelevation of the Sierra Nevada. Science. 2006;313(5783):87-89.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baerlocher C, Gramm F, Massüger L, et al. Structure of the polycrystalline zeolite catalyst IM-5 solved by enhanced charge flipping. Science. 2007;315(5815):1113-1116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek A, Jehle W, Wellnitz J. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Borea PA, ed. A3 Adenosine Receptors from Cell Biology to Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Thorne C, Griffiths C. Smart, Smarter, Smartest: Redefining Our Cities. In: Dameri RP, Rosenthal-Sabroux C, eds. Smart City: How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space. Progress in IS. Springer International Publishing; 2014:89-99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Blog post
Luntz S. 100-Year-Old Drug Produces Temporary Improved Learning Skills In Autistic Children. IFLScience. Published May 26, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Efforts to Validate TSA’s Passenger Screening Behavior Detection Program Underway, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Validation and Address Operational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nepal RM. Class II MHC Function in Macrophages and Mice Infected with Mycobacterium. Published online 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K. Racing to Break Through Barriers. New York Times. September 1, 2016:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Nutr. Diet.
ISSN (print)2212-2672
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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