How to format your references using the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackland G. Materials science. Controlling radiation damage. Science. 2010;327(5973):1587-1588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guy-Grand D, Vassalli P. Immunology. Tracing an orphan’s genealogy. Science. 2004;305(5681):185-187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pregibon DC, Toner M, Doyle PS. Multifunctional encoded particles for high-throughput biomolecule analysis. Science. 2007;315(5817):1393-1396.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schulze DJ, Harte B, Valley JW, Brenan JM, Channer DMDR. Extreme crustal oxygen isotope signatures preserved in coesite in diamond. Nature. 2003;423(6935):68-70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vilensky JA, Robertson WM, Suárez-Quian CA. The Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Hayat MA, ed. Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 4: Brain Tumors (Part 2). Vol 4. Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang BYP, Ajjan R. A Complicated Case of Thyroid Eye Disease. In: Ajjan R, Orme SM, eds. Endocrinology and Diabetes: Case Studies, Questions and Commentaries. Springer; 2015:31-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Pioneers Of Quantum Computing Are Among The 2015 Eureka Prize Winners. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway And Transit Investments: Options for Improving Information on Projects’ Benefits and Costs and Increasing Accountability for Results. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chotkevys DL. A Grounded Theory Study to Explore How Nurses Overcome Barriers to Spiritual Care. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Tom of Finland. New York Times. October 12, 2017:C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Nutr. Diet.
ISSN (print)2212-2672
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles