How to format your references using the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gregory CD. Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature. 2014;507(7492):312-313.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chaine AS, Lyon BE. Adaptive plasticity in female mate choice dampens sexual selection on male ornaments in the lark bunting. Science. 2008;319(5862):459-462.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Leone A, Ferrari PF, Palagi E. Different yawns, different functions? Testing social hypotheses on spontaneous yawning in Theropithecus gelada. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4010.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Baker AC, Starger CJ, McClanahan TR, Glynn PW. Coral reefs: corals’ adaptive response to climate change. Nature. 2004;430(7001):741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Möller R, Pöter H, Schwarze K. Planen Und Bauen Mit Trapezprofilen Und Sandwichelementen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Morlini I, Minerva T, Vichi M, eds. Advances in Statistical Models for Data Analysis. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhu R, Janczewski L. A Proposed Framework for Examining Information Systems Security Research: A Multilevel Perspective. In: Vogel D, Guo X, Linger H, Barry C, Lang M, Schneider C, eds. Transforming Healthcare Through Information Systems: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Information Systems Development. Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer International Publishing; 2016:49-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. It Feels Instantaneous, but How Long Does it Really Take to Think a Thought? IFLScience. Published June 29, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/it-feels-instantaneous-how-long-does-it-really-take-think-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Progress On and Challenges to Central Artery/Tunnel Project’s Costs and Financing. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zamora L. Azura Digital Health: Scheduling Application and Prescription Service for Women’s Health. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Judges Catch Up, With Some Cramming. New York Times. July 1, 2002:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Nutr. Diet.
ISSN (print)2212-2672
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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