How to format your references using the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tielens AGGM. Planetary science. Peering into stardust. Science. 2003;300(5616):68-71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepecs A, Fishell G. Interneuron cell types are fit to function. Nature. 2014;505(7483):318-326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daviter T, Murphy FV 4th, Ramakrishnan V. Molecular biology. A renewed focus on transfer RNA. Science. 2005;308(5725):1123-1124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scheibert J, Leurent S, Prevost A, Debrégeas G. The role of fingerprints in the coding of tactile information probed with a biomimetic sensor. Science. 2009;323(5920):1503-1506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies D. Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Lieberman H, Paternò F, Wulf V, eds. End User Development. Vol 9. Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Tariq A, Shaukat A, Khan SA. A Gaussian Mixture Model Based System for Detection of Macula in Fundus Images. In: Huang T, Zeng Z, Li C, Leung CS, eds. Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:33-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Watch Live As A Giraffe Gives Birth On Camera. IFLScience. Published February 21, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Role of FAA’s Modernization Program in Reducing Delays and Congestion. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone B. Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M, Southall A. A Subway Rescue by a Ballet Dancer. New York Times. June 4, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Nutr. Diet.
ISSN (print)2212-2672
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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