How to format your references using the Chinese Chemical Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Chemical Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Butler, Agent Orange health investigation stuck at square one, Nature. 422 (2003) 793.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.E. Tierney, P.B. deMenocal, Abrupt shifts in Horn of Africa hydroclimate since the Last Glacial Maximum, Science. 342 (2013) 843–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Patterson, M. Schnell, J.M. Doyle, Enantiomer-specific detection of chiral molecules via microwave spectroscopy, Nature. 497 (2013) 475–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Liang, P. Liu, J. Xiao, H. Li, C. Wang, G. Yang, A microfibre assembly of an iron-carbon composite with giant magnetisation, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Olsen, The Lean Product Playbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
V. Oreopoulou, W. Russ, eds., Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Bunt, Annotations that Effectively Contribute to Semantic Interpretation, in: H. Bunt, J. Bos, S. Pulman (Eds.), Computing Meaning: Volume 4, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Chemical Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, 10 Awesome Animals That Were Hunted To Extinction By Humans Before You Were Born, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Performance and Accountability Highlights Fiscal Year 2006, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Keith, Engagement and Temporary Teams: Considerations for Value Engineering Study Teams and Facilitators, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Tabarrok, S. Rajagopalan, Private Cities, Open to All, New York Times. (2015) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Chemical Letters
AbbreviationChin. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1001-8417
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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