How to format your references using the Chinese Chemical Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Chemical Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.M. Monack, Immunology: recognition of a unique partner, Nature. 477 (2011) 543–544.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Zahn, H. von Storch, Decreased frequency of North Atlantic polar lows associated with future climate warming, Nature. 467 (2010) 309–312.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.D. McKemy, W.M. Neuhausser, D. Julius, Identification of a cold receptor reveals a general role for TRP channels in thermosensation, Nature. 416 (2002) 52–58.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Otsu, T. Ando, Y. Takiguchi, Y. Ohtake, H. Toyoda, H. Itoh, Direct evidence for three-dimensional off-axis trapping with single Laguerre-Gaussian beam, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.A. McGeough, The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
A. Mujib, J. Šamaj, eds., Somatic Embryogenesis, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Baranzini, A. Mirante, The Influential Role of Oxbridge Italian Economists in Science and Civil Society, in: A. Mirante (Ed.), A Compendium of Italian Economists at Oxbridge: Contributions to the Evolution of Economic Thinking, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 201–206.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Chemical Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Ancient Aboriginal Stories Preserve History Of A Rise In Sea Level, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Rail Safety: Preliminary Observations on Federal Rail Safety Oversight and Positive Train Control Implementation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.E. Alonzo, Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Scoreboard Shows Insult After Injury on Mound, New York Times. (2017) D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Chemical Letters
AbbreviationChin. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1001-8417
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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