How to format your references using the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clauset, A. 2010. Journal club. A theoretician ponders what physics has to offer ecology. Nature, 465, 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redman, B. K. & Merz, J. F. 2008. Sociology. Scientific misconduct: do the punishments fit the crime? Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 775.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz, D., Mellor, J. & Nicoll, R. A. 2001. Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291, 1972–1976.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, W., Ghisletti, S., Saijo, K., Gandhi, M., Aouadi, M., Tesz, G. J., Zhang, D. X., Yao, J., Czech, M. P., Goode, B. L., Rosenfeld, M. G. & Glass, C. K. 2011. Coronin 2A mediates actin-dependent de-repression of inflammatory response genes. Nature, 470, 414–418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln, N. B., Kneebone, I. I., Macniven, J. A. B. & Morris, R. C. 2011. Psychological Management of Stroke. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK pp.
An edited book
Lloyd, R. V. (ed.). 2010. Endocrine Pathology: Differential Diagnosis and Molecular Advances. Second. Springer, New York, NY, XII, 607 p. 298 illus., 228 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Mochizuki, Y. & Imiya, A. 2012. Pyramid Transform and Scale-Space Analysis in Image Analysis. In: Dellaert, F., Frahm, J.-M., Pollefeys, M., Leal-Taixé, L. & Rosenhahn, B. (eds) Outdoor and Large-Scale Real-World Scene Analysis: 15th International Workshop on Theoretical Foundations of Computer Vision, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, June 26 - July 1, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 78–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Plumes Of Enceladus Revealed In Incredible Cassini Flyby Images. IFLScience. World Wide Web Address:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-961 pp.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razo, S. I. 2009. Parenting Practices of Latina Mothers and Children’s Behavior Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2017. On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times, SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clauset 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Redman & Merz 2008; Clauset 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redman & Merz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Systematic Palaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Syst. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1477-2019
ISSN (online)1478-0941

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