How to format your references using the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tutu, D. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. My genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331, 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panthi, D. & Tsutsumi, A. 2014. Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell based on a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia support. Scientific reports, 4, 5754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Huang, X. & Lu, H. 2014. Association between red blood cell transfusion and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. Scientific reports, 4, 4340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kovalchuk, Y., Hanse, E., Kafitz, K. W. & Konnerth, A. 2002. Postsynaptic Induction of BDNF-Mediated Long-Term Potentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295, 1729–1734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, S. A. 2011. Food and Package Engineering. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK pp.
An edited book
Cotta, C., Reich, S., Schaefer, R. & Ligęza, A. (eds). 2008. Knowledge-Driven Computing: Knowledge Engineering and Intelligent Computations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Studies in Computational Intelligence, XVII, 324 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Karasawa, K., Kitasaka, T., Oda, M., Nimura, Y., Hayashi, Y., Fujiwara, M., Misawa, K., Rueckert, D. & Mori, K. 2016. Structure Specific Atlas Generation and Its Application to Pancreas Segmentation from Contrasted Abdominal CT Volumes. In: Menze, B., Langs, G., Montillo, A., Kelm, M., Müller, H., Zhang, S., Cai, W. & Metaxas, D. (eds) Medical Computer Vision: Algorithms for Big Data: International Workshop, MCV 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 9, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today. IFLScience. World Wide Web Address:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Paul G. Dembling. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OP-6-OH pp.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon, M. 2014. Active Aging Program for Older Adults with Early Stage Dementia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2007. Supreme Court Hears Medical Device Case. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tutu 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tutu 2011; Panthi & Tsutsumi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panthi & Tsutsumi 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovalchuk et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Systematic Palaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Syst. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1477-2019
ISSN (online)1478-0941

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