How to format your references using the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garwin, R. 2007. How the mighty have fallen. Nature, 449, 543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, L. & Travis, J. 2012. Mysteries of the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338, 30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, M. J., Pevear, D. R. & Hill, R. J. 2002. Mineral surface control of organic carbon in black shale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295, 657–660.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bouwer, L. M., Crompton, R. P., Faust, E., Hoppe, P. & Pielke, R. A., Jr. 2007. Disaster management. Confronting disaster losses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318, 753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhao, G. 2017. Reuse and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Power Batteries. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore pp.
An edited book
Fischer-Wolfarth, J. & Meyer, G. (eds). 2014. Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2014: Smart Systems for Safe, Clean and Automated Vehicles. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Lecture Notes in Mobility, XX, 301 p. 217 illus., 175 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bazzan, A. L. C. 2013. Paying the Price of Learning Independently in Route Choice. In: Correia, L., Reis, L. P. & Cascalho, J. (eds) Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 16th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2013, Angra Do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal, September 9-12, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Poor Semen Quality May Be A Warning Sign Of Other Health Issues. IFLScience. World Wide Web Address:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Health Care: Continued Leadership Needed to Define and Implement Information Technology Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-1054T pp.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner, R. 2009. Analyzing Inpatient Hospital Costs by Payer: What Do They Mean for the Future of Health Care in America? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2016. Robert A. Wilson, 94; Ran a Haven for Poets. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garwin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Garwin 2007; Roberts & Travis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts & Travis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouwer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Systematic Palaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Syst. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1477-2019
ISSN (online)1478-0941

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