How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verma, I. (2005). “Then and now.” Nature, 436(7050), 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frieda, K. L., and Block, S. M. (2012). “Direct observation of cotranscriptional folding in an adenine riboswitch.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6105), 397–400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branzei, D., Vanoli, F., and Foiani, M. (2008). “SUMOylation regulates Rad18-mediated template switch.” Nature, 456(7224), 915–920.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luo, C., Ibanescu, M., Johnson, S. G., and Joannopoulos, J. D. (2003). “Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5605), 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsujimura, T. (2017). OLED Display Fundamentals and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Spierling, U., and Szilas, N. (Eds.). (2008). Interactive Storytelling: First Joint International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2008 Erfurt, Germany, November 26-29, 2008 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, T. B., Kawasaki, S., and Granat, J. (2007). “Knowledge Acquisition by Machine Learning and Data Mining.” Creative Environments: Issues of Creativity Support for the Knowledge Civilization Age, Studies in Computational Intelligence, A. P. Wierzbicki and Y. Nakamori, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 69–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). “What On Earth Are They Doing To Our Chocolate Bars?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Record Linkage and Privacy: Issues in Creating New Federal Research and Statistical Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takusi, G. S. (2010). “A quantitative analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic turnover factors of relational database support professionals.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). “Found in Translation.” New York Times, BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Frieda and Block 2012; Verma 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frieda and Block 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Water Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2379-6111

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