How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. 2009. “Arms pact could boost US-Russian science.” Nature, 460 (7253): 316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, F., and Z. Zhou. 2004. “Palaeontology: leg feathers in an Early Cretaceous bird.” Nature, 431 (7011): 925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, G. C., F. Du, and A. Varshavsky. 2000. “Peptides accelerate their uptake by activating a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway.” Nature, 405 (6786): 579–583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiara, C. J., J. J. Carroll, M. P. Carpenter, J. P. Greene, D. J. Hartley, R. V. F. Janssens, G. J. Lane, J. C. Marsh, D. A. Matters, M. Polasik, J. Rzadkiewicz, D. Seweryniak, S. Zhu, S. Bottoni, A. B. Hayes, and S. A. Karamian. 2018. “Isomer depletion as experimental evidence of nuclear excitation by electron capture.” Nature, 554 (7691): 216–218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minns, P., and I. Elliott. 2008. FSM-Based Digital Design Using Verilog HDL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, K.-Q., and K. D. Hyde (Eds.). 2014. Nematode-Trapping Fungi. Fungal Diversity Research Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P. J. J., J. K. Perret, T. Irawan, and E. Yushkova. 2016. “New Indicator Concept.” Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy, J. K. Perret, T. Irawan, and E. Yushkova, eds., 47–55. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “We’re Only Just Starting To Understand The Side-Effects Of Driverless Cars.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Telephone Communications: The FCC’s Monitoring of Residential Telephone Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, K. M. 2017. “A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America.” Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S. 2014. “Greek Statue Travels Again, but Not to Greece.” New York Times, December 6, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2009; Zhang and Zhou 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Zhou 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiara et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Water Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2379-6111

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