How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlsson, A. 2001. “A paradigm shift in brain research.” Science, 294 (5544): 1021–1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulin, P. R., and K. A. Nelson. 2006. “Irreversible organic crystalline chemistry monitored in real time.” Science, 313 (5794): 1756–1760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heinsohn, R., S. Legge, and J. A. Endler. 2005. “Extreme reversed sexual dichromatism in a bird without sex role reversal.” Science, 309 (5734): 617–619.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hildebrandt, D., D. Glasser, B. Hausberger, B. Patel, and B. J. Glasser. 2009. “Chemistry. Producing transportation fuels with less work.” Science, 323 (5922): 1680–1681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berntsen, E. S., and J. Thompson. 2015. A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Boju, V. 2007. The Math Problems Notebook. (L. Funar, ed.). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Jansana, R. 2007. “Selfextensional Logics with Implication.” Logica Universalis: Towards a General Theory of Logic, J.-Y. Beziau, ed., 63–86. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. “NASA Releases Stunning New Photos Of Mysterious Bright Spots On Ceres.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Needs to Ensure New Acquisition Strategy is Based on Sufficient Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, K. 2013. “A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. 2016. “Back After Injuries, a Baritone Is Strong but a Production Less So.” New York Times, September 29, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlsson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carlsson 2001; Poulin and Nelson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulin and Nelson 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hildebrandt et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Water Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2379-6111

Other styles