How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster, I. (2006). “2020 computing: a two-way street to science’s future.” Nature, 440(7083), 419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale, J. E., and Li, Y.-G. (2003). “Damage to the shallow Landers fault from the nearby Hector Mine earthquake.” Nature, 421(6922), 524–526.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., and Ishiguro, H. (2013). “Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators.” Scientific reports, 3, 2396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lissy, N. A., Davis, P. K., Irwin, M., Kaelin, W. G., and Dowdy, S. F. (2000). “A common E2F-1 and p73 pathway mediates cell death induced by TCR activation.” Nature, 407(6804), 642–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, H. K., and English, P. (2011). Capital Budgeting Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Albertsson, A.-C., and Hakkarainen, M. (Eds.). (2008). Chromatography for Sustainable Polymeric Materials: Renewable, Degradable and Recyclable. Advances in Polymer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, J., Ngo, B. K., Chandrasekaran, I., and Cai, Y. (2013). “Cultivating STEM Education Through 3D Sabbaticals.” 3D Immersive and Interactive Learning, Y. Cai, ed., Springer, Singapore, 71–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Watch Dubai’s New Squad Of Aquatic Jetpack Firefighters.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, M. L. (2017). “Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). “Kvitova Keeps Expectations Low, Even if Oddsmakers Disagree.” New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foster 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Foster 2006; Vidale and Li 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale and Li 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lissy et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Water Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2379-6111

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