How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Costandi, M. (2013). “Neurodegeneration: amyloid awakenings.” Nature, 497(7450), S19-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roman, J., and Palumbi, S. R. (2003). “Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penmatsa, A., Wang, K. H., and Gouaux, E. (2013). “X-ray structure of dopamine transporter elucidates antidepressant mechanism.” Nature, 503(7474), 85–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reeves, W. H., Skryabin, D. V., Biancalana, F., Knight, J. C., Russell, P. S. J., Omenetto, F. G., Efimov, A., and Taylor, A. J. (2003). “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres.” Nature, 424(6948), 511–515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., and Hamid, A. (2015). Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Naboni, R. (2015). Advanced Customization in Architectural Design and Construction. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, (I. Paoletti, ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosling, P., and Noordam, B. (2011). “How to Think Like a Scientist.” Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond, L. D. Noordam, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). “Jurassic Parasite Sucked Salamander Blood.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Computer Systems: Overview of Federal Systems for Processing Aliens Seeking U.S. Entry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N. M. (2009). “Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017). “Life Among the Boldface Names.” New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Costandi 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Costandi 2013; Roman and Palumbi 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roman and Palumbi 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Reeves et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Water Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2379-6111

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